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Comparison: Similarities and Differences

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Learning Theories

Comparison: Similarities and Differences

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Similarities/Differences
Theorist
Summary of Theory
Behaviorist

o    Skinner in effect shows that the implementation of learning lies in how the teacher is able to “man” the classroom or navigate the course of learning for the children.

o    Tests usually are the objective types

o    The curriculum being use has its bases on hierarchical knowledge type

o    Students will be learning the same material

Cognitive

o    In effect Skinner also confirms what cognitivists posit that an individual with his faculties intact will be able to take control of the directions of his/her thinking; in the context of learning, this means that the person gets to choose what he wants to learn after all.

o    However, the line separates in the sense that students do not depend entirely on the teachers for real learning to occur.

B.F. Skinner
Skinner’s Behaviorist Theories of Learning –

This theorist affirms the notion that people have “mental control” over how they react to the environment.

What the teacher then can do is to provide proper reinforcement in a timely manner such as, the negative and positive types and the presence of punishment when or if necessary. Conditioning is a concept that is very important being that the students or pupils will provide the correct responses when these reinforcements are properly given.

Constructivist

o    The “action” is actually among what is termed as “cooperative groups” rather on a particular individual as  the teacher as Skinner portrays it is.

o    Goals tend to go in the direction where real-life problems are the ultimate things to solve.

o    Hence, unlike the behaviorist, and more similar with the cognitivists, Piaget’s theory rely on the students’ initiative to “construct” knowledge and not depend on the teachers.
J. Piaget
All children go through four stages of cognitive development.  These stages, Senisorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational, Formal Operational, were broken down into age groups.  Teaching should reflect and build on the stage a student is currently in. Piaget’s theories suggested that children were naturally active and motivated learners.

Reference:

Roblyer, M.D. & Edwards, J., (2003). Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching (Third Edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Cite this Comparison: Similarities and Differences

Comparison: Similarities and Differences. (2016, Sep 04). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/comparison-similarities-and-differences/

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