The organizational structure is very important for a company. Different organizations will adopt different organisation structures to help achieve their goals. The type of structure they adopt will be determined by range of factors, including the country and industry environment, the organization’s history and size and technology. Choose a good organizational structure can help company fit stabilize or destabilize the environment.
Differences between a mechanistic organization and an organic organization structure. Mechanistic organization. Hierarchical, bureaucratic, organizational-structure characterized by centralization of authority, formalization of procedures and practices, and specialization of functions.
Organizational structure characterized by
- Flatness: communications and interactions are horizontal,
- Low specialization: knowledge resides wherever it is most useful,
- Decentralization: great deal of formal and informal participation in decision making.
The abstract nature of each individual task, which is pursued with techniques and purposes more or less distinct from those of the concern as a whole: i. e. , the functionaries tend to pursue the technical improvements of means, rather than the accomplishment of the ends of the concern. The “realistic” nature of the individual task, which is seen as set by the total situation of the concern.
Large organizations often need such a high degree of responsibility for the results. They have a lot of products and plans and they need many reliable suppliers and cheap labor. Thus they need an organization that good at function organization; sometimes there are some important tasks which need finish before the due date or have performance assessment. Mechanistic organization structure can formation a good function organization help the company obtain the benefit. When the environment is stable External environment stable, it include community, economics of regional, taxation and political.
Because in the environment stable the task and problem not change much, each task is stable and easy to control. The tasks and problem were solved by formalized and standardization. The reconciliation, for each level in the hierarchy, of these distinct performances by the immediate superiors, who are also, in turn, responsible for seeing that each is relevant in his own special part of the main task. Because the mechanistic organization structure company doesn’t have many extra step and process to complete the goal, efficiency was improve.
Internal environment stable environment is relatively stable the companies can work with themselves without outside help. The tasks clear and persistent and the decisions can be sequencing. The employee works follow the rules and provides the quality goods and services. An example the McDonald’s. Every McDonalds are working in a standard uniform, like same storefront design, same menus, and same employee’s pay list. Because mechanistic organization structures every employee solve the customer problem.
In conclusion, no matter mechanistic organization and or organic organization structure both have advantages. There are all important to organization. In the different environment the company will choose different organization.
- http://www. businessdictionary. com/definition/mechanistic-organization. html
- http://www. businessdictionary. com/definition/organic-organization.
- html http://www. 12manage. com/methods_burns_mechanistic_organic_systems. html