If you need to explain how something works or exists as a unit, you will write an analysis by division. You will break down a unit (your subject) into its parts and explain how each part functions in relation to the operation or existence of the whole. The most important word here is unit. You begin with something that can stand alone or can be regarded separately. The following procedure will guide you in writing an analysis by division: Move from subject to principle, to division, to relationship.
Step 1. Begin with something that is a unit (subject). Step 2. State one principle by which the unit can function. Step 3. Divide the unit into parts according to that principle. Step 4. Discuss each of the parts in relation to the unit. Organization In an essay of analysis by division, the main parts are likely to be the main points of your outline or main extensions of your cluster. If they are anything else, reconsider your organization.. Sequence of Parts
The order in which you discuss the parts will vary according to the nature of the unit and the way in which you view it. * Time: the sequence of the parts in your paragraph or essay can be mainly chronological, or time-based (if you are dealing with something that functions on its own, such as a heart, with the parts presented in relation to stages of the function. ) * Speace: If your unit is a visual object, especially if, like a pencil, it does nothing by itself, you may discuss the parts in the relation to speace.
Emphasis: Because the most emphatic location of any piece of writing is the end( the second most emphatic point is the beginning), consider placing the most signigicant part of the unit at the end. Two Uses of Analysis by Division From the wide range of uses of analysis by division mentioned in the introduction, two are featured in the chapter: the restaurant review and the short story review. Restaurant Review. Definition The restaurant review is an article of one or more paragraphs that describes three elements: ambiance, service and food.
Ambiance is the atmosphere, mood, or feeling of a place. For restaurant, it may begin with landscaping and architecture. Ambiance is certainly produced by what is inside, such as the furnishing, seating, style, upkeep, sounds, sights, smells, behavior of other customers, and management style–whatever produces that mood or the feeling, even if it is franchise plastic and elevator music. Service is mainly concerned with food delivery and those who do it: their attitude, manners, helpfulness, promptness, accuracy, and availability.
Self-service or pickup establishments would be judged by similar standards. Food is the emphasis–its variety, quality, price, and presentation. Writing the Review Use first person (I) as you relate your experience in a particular restaurant chain. If possible, base your evaluation on more than one item. While you are dining, use a simple outline or listing to make sure you have information on ambiance, service, food. You need not separeate comments on ambiance, service, and food or present them in a particualr order, but be specific in your details and examples.
EXAMPLES 1. Unit Manager . 2. Principle of function Effective as a leader 3. Parts based on the principle Fair, intelligent, stable, competent in the field 4. Relationship to the unit Consider each part in relation to the person’s effectiveness as a manager. Organization . In an essay of analysis by division, the main parts are likely to be the main points of your outline or main extensions of your cluster. If they are anything else, reconsider your organization.. .Thesis: To be effective as a leader, a manager needs specific qualities. . I. Fairness II.
Intelligence III. Stability IV. Competence in the field Writer’s Guidelines: Analysis by Division 1. This is the procedureStep 1. Begin with something that is a unit (subject). Step 2. State one principle by which the unit can function. Step 3. Divide the unit into parts according to that principle. Step 4. Discuss each of the parts in relation to the unit. 2. This is the way you might apply that procedure to a good boss. 1. UnitManager. 2. Principle of functionEffective as a leader. 3. Parts based on the principleFair, intelligent, stable, competent in the field. . Relationship to the unitConsider each part in relation to the person’s effectiveness as a manager3. This is how a basic outline of analysis by division might look. Thesis: Tobe effective as a leader, a manager needs specific qualities. I. FairnessII. IntelligenceIII. StabilityIV. Competence in the field4. The restaurant review will almost vertainly use the analysis-by-division pattern.
The main parts of a typical review are ambiance, service and food. The review should contain specific descriptive details, examples, and information form the menu. . The short story review is likely to include analysis by division. In a short paper, you would usually use one or more of the short story’s elements: setting, conflict, characters, plot, point of view, and theme. Develop your ideas by referring directly to the story; by explaining; and by using summaries, paraphrases, and quotations. Use the present tense in relating events in the story. Source:Brandon, Lee. Brandon, Kelly. Paragraphs and Essays with Integrated Readings, 11th Edition. Boston, NY: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2011