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Driving Forces Of Change In Textile Industries Commerce

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    This undertaking is given us as concluding assignment in strategic direction category the subject is “ The drive forces those coercing to alter the fabric industry of Pakistan ” the Pakistan is agriculture basal state and the fabric is the back bone of Pakistan economic system. The intent of making such types of assignment is to acquiring the practical exposure of industries the nidation of cognition and besides familiar with the challenges and issues which presently the industries is confronting. Driving forces play an importance function for the development of economic system and for the growing of industries.Through this undertaking assignment we are all familiar with the industries cognition and experiences and acquire the deepness cognition of industries and the issues, challenges, job, norms and value of the industry.During our undertaking we besides found that Textile industry of Pakistan is confronting several jobs due to political and economic environment. Presently involvement rate of state is really high which has increased cost of production and makes it hard for the industry to go cost competitory in the planetary market. A portion involvement rate job, Production of the industry is really disturbed due to power deficit and jurisprudence and order state of affairs of the state. This assignment is supplying the cognition of industry and how to work out such issues challenges and job and how to acquire the competitory advantage and how to vie rivalryand how to get by up with these alterations and how to develop the waies of industries in peculiar state of affairss and how sustainable in these alterations which is due to the drive forces of industries.

    Chapter 02:

    Literature Reappraisal:


    Research Statement:

    “ The drive forces those are coercing to alter the fabric industry in Pakistan ”

    Research Aim:

    Our research aim is following

    To place the nexus between the drive forces and fabric industries

    To research the impact of driving forces on fabric industries

    To place the different drive forces predominating in the Pakistan economic system

    To happen out the solutions for driving forces

    To happen out the ground of drive forces

    Restriction of Research:

    Our research is limited in Pakistan state merely and in the fabric industry and the impulsive force whose impact on textile the research is conducted through the informations analyzing.

    Scope of Research:

    The research is conduct merely in Pakistan and the research cover the drive forces which is predominating in Pakistan economic system and those who impact the fabric industry merely.

    Methods of Research:

    The method for the research we use the information which is taken from different beginning and so we analyze the informations through the survey and through the statically tools research method is most depend upon the informations that we gather from different beginnings and though the on-line aggregation of informations and execution.

    Datas Gathering:

    The information for this subject is garnering from employee who is presently working in fabric industry and from the Pakistan fabric diaries, different writer ‘s articles, fabric Millss websites, authorities official ministry of fabric web site, all Pakistan association of fabric Millss, Google paperss, researches etc.


    Variable for this research is below

    Textile industries of Pakistan

    Driving forces in Pakistan


    If impulsive forces is their will it impact the fabric industries.

    If impulsive forces vanished what will consequence on fabric industries.

    If impulsive forces aretheir will consequence and how much it consequence the industry.

    Driving Forces:

    The drive forces are the cardinal internal forces micro environment ( such as cognition competencies work force of direction and macroenvironment every bit good ( such as economic system competition engineering ) that shape the hereafter of the organisation Change in industries is due to the drive forces is participants and driving forces is major cause to convey alteration in industries & A ; competitory status drive forces are emerge from internal and external environment.

    Driving forces can include alterations in societal, technological, environmental, economic andpolitical factors, for illustration:

    Demographic factors ( population addition, in/out migration, altering age/genderstructure, etc ) .

    Laws and ordinances ( impacting land ownership, labour dealingss, environmental protection steps, etc ) .

    Policies ( subsidies, monetary value controls or warrants, import/export controls, quotasand duties, exchange rates, etc ) .

    Markets and competition ( size of or entree to, local, national and internationalmarkets ; turning fight of manufacturers in other parts, states etc ) .

    Technology ( handiness of new genotypes, machinery, etc ) .

    Institutions ( new histrions, influences, societal organisation ) .

    Information ( handiness, communications engineering ) .

    Non-agricultural employment chances ( processing, fabrication, concern, services, migration/ remittals, etc. )

    Natural resources ( features of watershed, H2O handiness, groundwaterlevels, land debasement, etc ) .

    Driving Forces Analysis:

    Driving force can be analyzed in two stairss

    Identify relevant drive force

    Measuring the impact they will hold

    Types of Driving Forces:

    Some of the common drive forces of industries.

    Increasing globalisation of industry

    Changes in cost and efficiency

    Switching from standardized to differentiated merchandises ( or frailty versa )

    Regulatory influences & A ; authorities policy alterations

    Changing social concerns, attitudes, & A ; life styles

    Changes in grade of uncertainness & A ; hazard

    Changes in long-run industry growing rate

    Changes in who buys the merchandise & A ; how they use it

    Merchandise invention

    Technological change/process invention

    Marketing invention

    Entry or issue of major houses

    Diffusion of proficient cognition

    Driving forces In Textile industries of Pakistan:

    Pakistan ‘s fabric industry faces several factors, both internal and external, that affect its competitory border in planetary trade.

    An addition in production costs because of the heavy cost of recognition finance

    Government levies and revenue enhancement have weighed to a great extent on the industry,

    Domestic cotton has non met qualitative demands of the turning spinning and fabric sectors.

    Pakistan ‘s downstream users have besides impacted the market,

    Government-backed supportive policies and heavy subsidies of our regional challengers like China, Bangladesh, India and Sri Lanka.

    External trade and duty barriers, such as high import responsibilities by the U.S. and anti-dumping responsibilities by European Union.

    Pakistan ‘s loss of discriminatory entree under the Generalized System of Preferences ( GSP ) in the E.U.

    Other Driving forces in fabric industry:

    Pakistani Mills Look For the Competitive Edge

    RGST to impact value-added fabric sector

    Zero rated position for all exports to be maintained

    Government restores zero-rating for fabrics

    Fabric Policy 2009-14 Analysis

    Finance Bill to Burden Industry Further

    Increasing Cost of Production

    Electricity Crisis

    Tight Monetary Policy

    Removal of subsidy on Textile sector

    United States & A ; EU cuts imports of fabric from Pakistan

    Natural stuff Monetary values

    Consequence of Inflation

    Pakistani Mills Look For the Competitive Edge:

    Pakistan ‘s cotton and fabric industries have adapted to alterations in the planetary cotton trading environment during recent old ages by puting more than U.S. $ 6 billion in production and engineering ascents. Because of that, Pakistan ‘s domestic ingestion has surpassed production by aboutA 3 million bales. But even with increasing ingestion, Pakistan ‘s fabric industry faces several factors, both internal and external, that affect its competitory border in planetary trade. Many Millss have incurred losingss during the last two old ages. Those Millss which could non follow the necessary alterations in the new concern environment because of their fiscal restraints and heavy liabilities have experienced the greatest losingss. To do their undertakings feasible and to minimise losingss, Millss are by and large restricting their production by traveling into all right count narrations or shutting parts of their units.

    Current Prognosis:

    Pakistan emerged as a major participant in universe cotton trade after a phenomenal addition in its spinning capacity in the last few old ages. Traditionally, most of the Millss in Pakistan still prefer to utilize Pakistani cotton due to its known spinning features and easy handiness for doing medium-count narrations. But many Millss have now developed lasting programs and blends based on imported cotton to bridge the deficit in the local cotton supply.Recently, some Millss have bought about 15,000-20,000 dozenss of Brazilian 2008 harvest on call footing for cargo in 2008, and several other Millss are asking to purchase Brazilian cotton on the same footing. Some Brazilian concerns have reported every bit far as 2009. Some of the Millss use this manner of purchasing to procure their short place in Pakistani cotton. If domestic monetary value goes up, they opt to take cargo, and if monetary values come down to their desired degree, they mange to acquire their import contracts settled with the shipper with common consent.According to private estimations, approximately 2.5 million bales of different growings have been booked in 2006/07 through the terminal of April. By February 2007, approximately 1,900,521 bales ( 170 kilograms each ) had reached the state. Pakistan may necessitate to purchase another 300,000-400,000 bales, which they may cover largely from U.S. , Brazil, West Africa and Uzbekistan.

    Pakistan ‘s Supply And Demand



    07/08 ( E )

    Get downing Stock












    Entire Supply












    Ending Stock




    Entire Distribution




    ( all figures in million bales of 170 kilograms. each )

    Cotton vision 2015

    Under cotton vision 2015, the authorities programs to convey more country under cotton cultivation peculiarly in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Harmonizing to the program, the authorities wanted to increase cotton production by 20 million bales through possible countries of Balochistan and KP. Having considered assorted options for production sweetening, it was realized that the production degree of 20 million bales could be achieved by 2015 with a modest addition in seeding countries in possible cotton turning countries of Balochistan and NWFP coupled with an norm of 5 % growing in per hectare output. The beginnings said that cotton entirely contributes about 65 per centum of the foreign exchange net incomes of Pakistan. To convey more country under cultivation and guarantee nutrient security, the authorities plans to buy 100 bulldozers for land development work in Balochistan with fiscal aid of Italian authorities. The bulldozers procured will be deployed for development of 78 thousand hectares of land ( 70 per centum new and 30 per centum bing ) throughout the life of the bulldozers. The bulldozers would be given to the husbandmans at the rate of Rs 550 per hr against operational cost of Rs 3994.60 per hr affecting 86 per centum subsidy. ( February 16, 2011 )

    RGST to impact value-added fabric sector

    RGST measure was most complicated than ongoing GST and urged the authorities non to enforce RGST that was traveling to force the export-oriented and labour intensive Textile Value Added Textile Sector to the wall. He said that the fabrics exporters had strong exclusions to the authorities for continuously disregarding the reserves of the exporters sing the infliction of the RGST and Zero Rate installation would non be withdrawn. But it is fact the Govt. had non yet cleared the outstanding refund claims of one million millions of rupees so far.

    He mentioned that the authorities was besides keeping up 1000000s of exporters ‘ money under export discount which was at present around 1 % . Now it seems impossible in the present province of working that FBR could smoothly let go of 15 % of GST refunds. To run into this deficit in working capital, fabric exporter/entrepreneur would fall back to bank for financing its export for which mark-up rate itself is on a parallel rise. Therefore Textile Value Added Textile Sector would be lead to an ultimate prostration, which confronting deficit and daily turning measures of Gas, Electricity and basic natural stuff.

    RGST may take fabric industry to bankruptcy

    He said fabric industry was devouring 15 per centum ( 600mmcfd ) of entire burden of 4000mmcfd but the deficit is already being shifted on the industry which is unjust. Harmonizing to him, fabric industry has already lost $ 1.5 billion exports last twelvemonth as a ample capacity remained idle on history of non-availability of gas. This loss is likely to touch $ 3 billion this twelvemonth due to increase in value of trade goods, if the gas supply to the industry is prejudiced suspended. He feared industry production loss to the extent of 30 per centum in front in instance fabric industry is denied gas during peak load period get downing from November boulder clay February. Fabric industry has already suffered from 44 yearss unprecedented gas burden casting during summer. The industry concerns are stacking up fast with respect to the following 12 months load direction policy.

    Government restores zero-rating for fabrics

    The authorities has restored the zero-rating for fabric exporters and lowered the rate of general gross revenues revenue enhancement ( GST ) to four to six per centum on gross revenues of fabric goods in local markets from the earlier notified 17 per centum. Now makers will non hold to pay GST on their purchases if the goods manufactured are meant to be exported.

    If a registered taxpayer or exporter bargains yarn with an purpose to sell finished merchandises made of it ( yarn ) in local markets, so he will pay four per centum GST. And afterwards, four per centum GST will be charged at every degree of value-addition alternatively of 17 per centum.

    If an unregistered taxpayer bargains yarn, so he will be apt to pay six per centum GST, and four per centum GST will be charged on every measure of the value-addition concatenation. Furthermore, governments have besides clarified that the particular excise responsibility will merely be charged from other than zero-rated sectors. And those imports that are made for the intent of exports will besides stay zero-rated. The rate of keep backing revenue enhancement has been fixed at one per centum. All these determinations will come into force with consequence from April 01’2011.

    The determinations announced in these respects on March 15 through presidential regulations and later notified through statuary regulative orders ( SROs ) have become void and nothingness. The new determinations were taken by finance curate Abdul HafeezShaikh and president of FBR Salman Siddique at a expansive meeting with fabric shapers.

    Delegates from Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce and Industry, Chamberss of commercialism of different metropoliss and representatives of fabric organic structures participated in the meeting held at Islamabad. “ This is a win-win state of affairs for the authorities and fabric shapers, ” said a participant of the meeting. “ There was consensus on the rates of revenue enhancements. “ Officials agreed to implement four to six per centum GST on local gross revenues alternatively of 17 per centum after they were made to recognize the threat of Afghan Transit Trade ( ATT ) . “ If the authorities had non lowered the revenue enhancements, it would hold encouraged smuggling under ATT and through other channels. ” Harmonizing to an estimation, goods deserving $ 2.5 billion were smuggled into the state last twelvemonth under the attire of Afghan theodolite trade.

    Fabric Policy 2009-14 Analysis

    The first of all time National Textile Policy was announced by the authorities in 2009 and is being by and large hailed by the stakeholders since it non merely addresses some of their cardinal concerns and demands but besides shows ( albeit after a long delay ) the needed committedness and premise of ownership by the Textile Ministry for supplying meaningful policy way to this largest national fabrication sector.

    While the proclaimed policy tends to be rather comprehensive and good researched its success will mostly depend on the squad assigned to micro pull off its execution and the operational scheme it so goes on to follow. More frequently than non, absolutely good policies in the yesteryear failed to give the coveted consequences owing to blatant micro-management failures. Further, we find that embedded in the policy itself are steps that represent its nucleus strength but ironically remain beyond the executionary scope of the Textile Ministry. For illustration, it is all really good to denote ‘Priority in Gas and Electricity Load Management ‘ , but to be able to efficaciously transport this out poses some serious practical challenges. First, to implement such a step requires equal confidence and willingness by the related yet different ministries, viz. Water & A ; Power and Oil & A ; Gas. Second, the fabric industry itself is scattered and does non pull power from either dedicated fabric feeders or fabric specific power Stationss. Therefore guaranting continuity of supplies merely to textile Millss while exchanging off others, may operationally non be accomplishable. Third, the fabric industrial units ( particularly the little and average sized ) are so grossly intertwined with residential countries in virtually all industrial centres such as, Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Sheikhupura, Multan, etc. , that it gets to be virtually impossible to divide the gas and electricity supply lines of domestic users from the industrial 1s.

    Possibly a better attack would hold been to confer with with relevant ministries and announce that

    a ) Textile units in all sizes are entitled to alternative feeder agreement that ensures continuity of supply from one feeder while the other is switched off for burden direction,

    B ) Gas to be made available at the doorsill of fabric units ( like in the earlier yearss ) to get the better of the current prohibitory cost of merely acquiring a gas connexion installed ; a cost that at present literally denies a important part of the industry from inexpensive, efficient and clean fuel in form of natural gas,

    degree Celsius ) Since gas supply direction is at that place to remain, particularly in winters, why non merely denote a decreased gas duty ( like in Bangladesh ) for industry that can in-turn aid average out extra fuel costs undertaken by the industry during the period when gas is non available, and

    vitamin D ) An constitution of a joint cell dwelling of representatives from related ministries and the industry to make a forum that is easy accessible to mill directions and that can at the same clip guarantee to decide jobs that emerge on an ongoing footing.

    Increasing Cost of Production

    Fabric industry of Pakistan is confronting jobs in viing in the international market due to increase in the cost of production. The addition in the cost of production is due to the facts like involvement rate, rising prices and the uninterrupted depreciation of Pakistani rupee value.Textile exporters truly demand decrease of Kibor rate to 8 % to avoid a terrible diminution in exports. A three-year comprehensive fabric policy is expected to be announced before budget 2009-10. The fabric policy has been designed to heighten the exports of fabric sector to $ 25 billion in following three old ages. This was stated by the Minister for Textile Industry RanaFarooqSaeed Khan. Textile Minister farther informed that the spinning and weaving sector would acquire its due portion from the Export Investment Support Fund, deserving Rs. 40 billion allocated in the Federal Budget 2009-10.

    Electricity Crisis

    As a effect of load-shedding the fabric production capacity of assorted sub-sectors has been reduced by up to 30 per cent. The joint meeting of APTMA & A ; other related organisation was held at APTMA House to explicate a joint scheme to turn to the alarming electricity crisis being faced by the fabric industry. The meeting nem con decided to represent a joint working group of electricity direction for the fabric industry in the larger involvements of the value concatenation of the fabric industry. The joint working group will run into shortly to plan a elaborate program to prosecute the undermentioned ends ; immediate entire freedom from Electricity burden casting for the fabric industry value concatenation ; Rationalization and decrease of electricity duty. The load-shedding of electricity cause a rapid lessening in production which besides reduced the export order. The cost of production has besides risen due to instant addition in electricity duty. Due to lade casting some factory proprietor uses alternate beginning of energy like generator which increase their cost of production further. Due to such dramatic state of affairs the capableness of fight of this industry in international market effected severely. Fig.1. illustrates comparing between electricity production and ingestion ( Business Recorder Pakistan -Special study, 2009 ) .

    Tight Monetary Policy

    Due to the stiff pecuniary policy the cost of production is high. Due to high involvement rate financing cost additions which cause a terrible consequence on production. The keep backing revenue enhancement of 1 % besides effects the production severely. The high cost of making concern is because of intensive addition in the rate of involvement which has increased the jobs of the industry. The authorities should take immediate steps to take lag in the fabric sector.

    Removal of subsidy on Textile sector

    The commissariats of Finance Bill 2009-10 are non textile industry friendly at all. Commissariats like reintroduction of 0.5 % minimal revenue enhancement on domestic gross revenues, 1 % keep backing revenue enhancement on import of fabric and articles etc. , are nil but last strick on industry ‘s back. Reintroduction of minimal revenue enhancement on domestic gross revenues would ask for ineluctable liquidness job, which is already reached to the dismaying degree. The fabric industry was confronting negative coevals of financess due to unaffordable grade up rate.

    United States & A ; EU cuts imports of fabric from Pakistan

    United States cancel more than 50 % of textile orders of Pakistan.US besides impose a high responsibilities on the import of fabric of Pakistan which consequence the export in a bad mode. US & A ; EU are the major importer of Pakistan fabric which create a immense difference in export of Pakistan fabric after enforcing a limitation on import of Pakistani fabric goods.

    Natural stuff Monetary values

    Monetary values of cotton & A ; other natural stuff used in fabric industry fluctuate quickly in Pakistan. The rapid addition in the monetary value natural stuff effects the cost of production severely. The addition in natural stuff monetary values fluctuates quickly due to dual digit rising prices & A ; instable internal status of Pakistan. Due to increase in the cost of production the demand for export & A ; place as good decreased which consequence in footings of retrenchment of a house. Hence the unemployment degree will besides increase. Government should take serious measure to last the fabric industry. In order to diminish the monetary value natural stuff for fabric we need to increase our production capableness. Simultaneously, the authorities should do agreement for presenting international system of Cotton Standardization in Pakistan to heighten quality and value of Pakistan lint cotton by using the proficient services of Pakistan Cotton Standard Institute.

    Consequence of Inflation

    Inflation rate is measured as the alteration in consumer monetary value index ( CPI ) .Inflation is fundamentally a general rise in the monetary value degree. It is decline in the existent value of money. Inflation can hold inauspicious consequence on economic system. Pakistan is one of quarry of rising prices. It still faces high dual figure rising prices. The addition in rising prices causes the addition in the cost of production of fabric good which return in downsizing. The dual figure rising prices causes decrease in exports of fabric. ( FPCCI )

    Chapter 03:

    Industry Profile:


    World Textile Industry was ab initio started in Britain at the beginning of the eighteenth century was the production of textilesas the spinning and weaving machines were invented in that country.Preston barber Richard Arkwright in 1769, patented a machine that would take cotton whirling from place to the mill. Arkwright ‘s H2O frame was the first fabric machine to utilize H2O power instead than musculus power. From this marked the mill system started, which subsequently spread to other industries.According to statistics, the planetary fabric market possesses a worth of more than $ 400 billion soon. The industry has faced high competition and chances in a more globalize environment. It was forecasted that Global fabric production will turn by 25 % between 2002 and 2010 and Asiatic part or the Asiatic states will mostly lend in this sector.The WTO has taken so many stairss for elating the fabric industry sector. In 1995, WTO had renewed its MFA and adopted understanding on fabrics and vesture ( ATC ) , which states that all quotation marks on fabric and vesture will be removed among WTO member countries.However the degree of exports in fabrics from developing states is increasing even if in the presence of high duties and quantitative limitation by economically developed countries.Moreover the function of multifunctional fabrics, eco-textiles, e-textiles and customized fabrics are considered as the hereafter of fabric industry.

    Types of Fabric Industry:

    These are the industry prevarication in the fabric sector

    Cotton industry

    Woolen industry

    Silk industry

    Linen industry

    Pakistan Textile Industry Description:

    Whenever we think of fabricating industry in Pakistan, it is textile industry that instantly comes to mind that is playing an of import place in footings of the employment coevals and value added particular part towards the exports. Pakistan ‘s fabric industry is one of the most of import sectors of Pakistan. We can state that after agribusiness sector, the fabric industry is the anchor of Pakistan as it contributes important portion to the state GDP, exports every bit good as employment. s the 4th largest cotton manufacturer in the universe. Because of its plentiful, autochthonal cotton supply, the fabric industry is cardinal to the Pakistani economic system.

    The Pakistan fabric industry has strong base of natural stuff, started its journey from non being in 1947 with meagre size of 78000 spindles and simply 3000 looms that was unorganised sector, and merely 8 % domestic demand was catered. The industry has gone through a long manner and now possesses 443 units, 8.4 million spindles and 166,000 rotors, 20,000 birds less looms, 200,000 power looms, over 600 treating units and over 2500 garments units.Textiles and Clothing, no uncertainty is the largest industrial sector of Pakistan from the investing, employment and export point of position. It accounts for about 27 per centum of entire industrial end product, absorbs about 38 per centum of industrial labour force, and contributes about 60 to 65 per centum to export net incomes.

    [ Pakistan Economics Survey ] .

    The cotton countryaˆ¦..

    Fourthly largest manufacturer of cotton after USA, China and India.

    Third largest consumer of cotton.

    Third largest exporter of cotton fabrics.

    Second largest provider of cotton narration with

    26 % portion of the international market.

    These are the chief sectors of Textile Industry:




    Dyeing/ Printing


    Manner planing


    It is the procedure of change overing natural stuff into narration. The natural stuffs may be natural stuffs such as cotton or manmade fibres such as polyester. Sometimes, the term spinning is besides used for production of manmade fibril narration.


    It is the procedure of doing fabrics like jerseies, denims and all, carpets, covers and other merchandises by traversing two set of togss over and under each other. Now, weaving machines are used for this procedure. Weaving is the most of import sub-sector of fabric. The exports of woven cloths and other related woven made-ups form a major part of fabric exports from Pakistan.


    Completing of fabric is one of the main humanistic disciplines in the fabric industry. The visual aspect of the any merchandise is the first concern, and the visual aspect of any cloth is merely because of the methods of coating.

    Dyeing/ Printing

    The Dyeing of vesture and other stuffs is a reasonably simple procedure. It does n’t devour much clip and workactually it frequently depends on what type of dye you purchase. Printing is something through which fabrics are printed with different designing and prints.


    The fabrics which came after the procedure of dyeing and printing would travel for the pressure. It is merely pressing the fabrics.

    Manner Planing

    It is new in the fabric industry, really the popularity of manner planing Begin from old twosome of old ages. It is the applied art dedicated to vesture and lifestyle accoutrements created within the cultural and societal influences of a specific clip.

    Procedure of Textile Value Chain

    Challenges to fabric:

    Frequent manner alterations.

    Anti dumping policies imposed by major importers.

    Non duty barriers may increase such as criterions associating to child labor, human rights, rewards and working conditions, usage of carcinogenic chemicals, inflammable stuffs, etc.

    Increased competition from India, China, Turkey, Caribbean & A ; Sub-saharan states and others who have discriminatory trade agreements with major importing states.

    High power cost & A ; frequent power cuts.

    Lesser use of eco-friendly materials.A

    Lack of international selling attempts.

    Higher rate of involvement on loans for modernisation and expansion.A

    Less consciousness in geting international quality enfranchisements.

    Chapter 04:

    Company Profile:




    Adil Textile

    Gulistan Textile Mills Limited

    Quetta. Text

    Accord Textile

    Gulistan Spinning Mills Limited

    Quetta Textile Mils Ltd

    Ahmed Hassan Textile Mills Limited

    Gulshan Spining

    Rashid Text.

    Ahmed Spinning Mills Limited

    Hafiz TextileA A

    Ravi Textile Mills

    Al -Azhar Textile

    Hajra Textile

    Redco Textiles

    Al-Abid Silk Mills

    Hala Spining

    Regent Fabric

    Ali Asgahar Textile

    Hamid Textile Mills

    Reliance Cotton

    Alif Textile

    Harnai Woolen Mills

    Reliance Weaving

    Al-Jadeed Fabric

    Haroon Oils

    Resham Textile

    Allawasaya Textiles

    Harum Textile

    Ruby Textile Mills

    Al-Qadir Fabric

    I.C.C. Fabrics

    Rupali Polyester Limited

    Amazai Textile

    Ibrahim Fibre Ltd.

    Sadoon Textile

    Amin SpinningA

    Ideal Spining

    Safa Textiles Limited

    Annoor Textile

    Idrees Textile

    Sahrish TextileA

    Apex Fabrics

    Indus dyeing and manfacturing

    Saif Textile Mills Limited

    Apollo Textile

    Indus Polyester Co.

    Saitex Spining

    Aruj garments

    Int. Knitwear

    Sajjad Textile Mills

    Asim Textile Mills Limited

    Ishtiaq Textile

    Sally Textile Mills

    Awan Fabric

    Island Textile

    Samin Textile Mills Limited

    Ayaz Textile

    Ittefaq Textile

    Sapphire Fibres Limited

    Ayesha Textile

    J. A. Textile Mills Limited

    Sapphire Textile Mills ltd

    Azam Textile

    J.K. Spining

    Sargodha Spining

    Azmat Textile

    Jubilee Spinning

    Saritow Spining

    Bahawalpur Textile

    Junaid Cotton

    Schon Textile

    Baig Spining

    Kaiser Arts & A ; Krafts

    Shadab Textile Mills Ltd

    Bannu Woolen Mills Limited

    Karam Ceramicss

    Shadman Cotton

    Blessed Fabric

    Karim Cotton

    Shahbaz group of industries

    Chakwal Spining

    Karim Silk

    Shaheen Cotton

    Chaudhry Textile

    Khalid Siraj Tex.

    Shahmurad Sugar Mills Ltd

    Colony Fabric

    Kohat Textile

    Shahzad Textile

    Colony Woolen Mills

    Kohinoor Spining

    Shams Text.

    Crescent Knit. ( LSE )

    Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd

    Sind Fine Textile

    Crescent Spining

    Kohinoor Weaving Mills Ltd

    Sunbeams Textile Mills Ltd

    Crescent Textile Mills Limited

    Libass Textile

    Sunshine Cotton

    D. M. Textile

    Mubarak Text.

    Suraj Cotton Millss Limited

    Datas Fabric

    Mukhtar Textile

    Taha Spining

    DewanFarooq Spinning Mills

    Nishat Mills Limited

    Taj Text.

    Dewan Fabric

    Noon Pakistan LimitedA

    Tata Textile Mills Limited

    Din Textile LimitedA

    Noon Textile Mills

    Usman Textile Mills Limited

    EFU Life Assurance Limited

    Noor Silk Mills

    Yusuf Textile Mills Limited

    Faisal Spining

    Norrie Textile Mills

    Zahidjee Textile Mills Ltd

    Fateh Textile Mills Limited

    Olympia Spining, Weavng Mils

    Zahur Cotton

    Fawad Textile

    Olympia Textile

    Zahur Text.

    Fazal Cloth Mills

    Prosperity Weaving Mills Limited

    Zephyr Fabrics Ltd

    Fazal Textile Mills

    Punjab Cotton ( LSE )

    Godoon Textile Mills Limited

    Quality Fabric

    Gul Ahmed Textile Mills LimitedA

    Nishat Groups

    Nishat Group is one of the taking and most diversified concern groups in South East Asia with fixed and current assets of over Rs. 300 billion ( US $ 5 billion ) , it ranks amongst the top five concern houses of Pakistan. The group has a singular place in the market every bit good as any multinationals runing locally in footings of its quality of merchandises, services and direction accomplishments. Nishat mills LTD, the flagship company of the group was established in 1951. Its one-year turnover is over Rs. 1.7 billion ( US $ 283 million ) . NML with the production installation of 270,000 spindles, 740 looms and dyeing & A ; publishing capacity of 7 million metres ( 7.65 million paces ) makes Nishat the largest composite fabric set up in Pakistan.

    Gul Ahmed Group

    The best narrative of fabrics in the subcontinent is the narrative ofGul Ahmed. The group began merchandising in early 1900 ‘s in fabrics fabrics. Then after deriving experience and proficient know-how, the group decided to come in the field of fabrication and Gul Ahmed Textile Mills Ltd. was incorporated as a private limited company, in the twelvemonth 1953. In 1972 it was later listed on the Karachi Stock Exchange. Since so the company has been doing rapid advancement and is one of the best composite fabric houses in the universe. Now, the factory is soon a composite unit with an installed capacity of 130,296 spindles, 223 broad breadth air jet looms, and a province of the art processing and finishing unit.

    In the fabric field, the Gul Ahmed ‘s factory activities start from the spinning of cotton every bit good as manmade fibres and extend to weaving, processing and coating of all types of cotton and blended cloths, bed linen, place trappingss, garment fabrication, etc. we can state that the whole value concatenation occurs. The professionally qualified and loosely experient direction is present. The managers have held top places in assorted fabric organic structures, export commissions and have besides assisted the Government of Pakistan in some of the major trade negotiations with EC and USA governments.

    Al- Karam Group

    The Al Karam group was founded in March 1986 with a vision to be a supplier of advanced fabric solutions worldwide. They are the maker and provider of distinguished cloth for dress, place and industrial markets with clients all over the universe.

    With a constructed country of over one million square pess, Al Karam has the capacity to carry through little, medium and big graduated table orders. They are one of the few vertically incorporate operations in Pakistan. Offering a diversified scope of merchandises, their clients can blend and fit from a broad assortment of print, yarn dyed, solids, dobby and Jacquard. They besides deal in twill, sateen, basket weave and percale, knitted to woven cloth ; and thread counts runing from 130 to 1000.

    In an industry where deadlines are a manner of life, Al Karam is proud to hold a proved path record of service quality and on-time bringing. For their clients convenience they have maintain a comprehensive order tracking system, so any client can remain on top of their order at all times.

    Some of Al Karam ‘s strengths include:

    It is one of the largest manufacturers of manner and basic bedclothes

    Compliant with international quality, societal and environmental criterions

    Largest yarn dyed maker in Pakistan

    Largest high yarn count Jacquard installing in Pakistan

    Latest engineering at every phase of fabrication

    Wider Width Weaving

    Leading exporter of bed linen to the USA for the last 2 old ages

    Capable of supplying LDP and EDI services

    Chapter 05:


    The fabric industry touches the lives of all people in one or the other ways. Apparel, Home fabrics, Technical fabrics, Industrial fabrics, Medical fabrics, Safety fabrics, Smart or Intelligent fabrics, there are fluctuations for all – Consumers, Traders, Manufacturers, Engineers, Engineers and others.The planetary fabric market is worth of more than $ 400 billion at nowadays. In a more liberalized environment, the industry is confronting competition every bit good as chances. It is predicted that Global fabric production will turn up to 25 % by the twelvemonth 2010 and 50 % by 2014. Many new rivals every bit good as consumers have entered the planetary market with their huge capablenesss and the desire to turn. The drive forces is play an of import function in the fabric industry the fabric industry is one of the largest contributed industry sector in Pakistan economic system and from this undertaking assignment we analysis that the fabric industry can non maintain away itself from the drive forces and industry should necessitate to alter with these alteration and the schemes is besides designs harmonizing to the state of affairs and the fabric industry. Despite challenges of energy deficit, the fabric sector of the state has performed good during the first half of the current financial twelvemonth as its exports surged by 25.79 per centum over the same period of last twelvemonth.

    Textile exports during July-December ( 2010-11 ) were recorded at over US $ 6.284 billion against the exports of 4.995 billion during July-December ( 2009-10 ) , harmonizing to informations released by the Federal Bureau of Statistics. The fabric industry in Pakistan is fastest turning sector but due to certain alterations and policies by authorities and with the alterations in the internal and external environmentfactor effects the productivenesss and effectivity of industry.

    Chapter 06:


    When we were started We think that the drive forces is merely impact merely limited concern sectors and industries and our degree of cognition sing the fabric industries is so limited and with making of such types of undertaking we conclude from this concluding undertaking is that the fabric industry is Pakistan fastest turning sector with the highest subscriber in GDP and the fabric industry is one the largest advantage of natural stuff in Pakistan. We besides conclude that the merely the strength is non merely of import factor for growing there are certain drive forces which bring the alteration in industry and for the control on these alteration we required that how industries cope up with alterations and how the return such inaugural to sustainable in long-run and how the industries design its schemes or way puting for future and this types of assignment helps us to understand more practical exposure of industries.

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