Dual Revolution

Western Civilization: Emergence of the Modern World Midterm Review Sheet Test Format The exam will consist of an identification as well as an essay section. For the I. D. part, you will be asked to choose five (5) out of ten (10) identifications.

For each one, you must provide the definition (a succinct and precise indication of the term itself), the context (a brief background for the term; you do not need to provide an exact date, but you do need to indicate when, where, and/or under what circumstances the term took place), and the significance (a step back from the term itself, and an indication of its wider meaning concerning more general themes/issues we have discussed). For the essay section, you will choose one (1) of two (2) essays.

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As for your paper assignment, I will be asking you to stake a position concerning a particular argument/issue. Incorporate detail into your essay as necessary. Explain everything that you mention in the essay. Do not just list items without demonstrating to me that you know what the specific term means. Materials to Study The test will draw upon material from discussion and readings. List of I. D. questions from which I will draw for the exam Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) Issac Newton (1642-1727)

Rene Descartes (1596-1650) John Locke (1632-1704) Voltaire (1694-1778) Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) Diderot’s Encyclopedia Absolutism Cardinal Richelieu (1585-1642) Louis XIV Edict of Nantes Glorious Revolution (1688-1699) Estates General Bastille :A bunch of citizens stormed a guarded fortress to show there anger with the government “What is the Third Estate? ” (1789) Tennis Court Oath sans-culottes Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789) Edmund Burke (1729-1797) Mountain Constitution of 1793 Committee of Public Safety Guillotine

Maxamilien Robespierre (1758-1794) Thermidorian Reaction Civil Code of 1804 Concordat of 1801 James Watt (1736-1819) Essay on the Principle of Population (1798) iron law of wages Luddites The Condition of the Working Class in England (1844) “separate spheres” Charles Fourier (1772-1837) Bourgeoisie Georges Haussmann (1809-1884) Frankenstein (1818) Congress of Vienna (1814) John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) Essay Questions 1. Historians have long grappled with the significance of the French Revolution. Some have argued that it ushered in a new era of politics.

Others have promoted the view that it epitomized the “bourgeois revolution” of which Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels have spoken. Still others believe that it was not a break at all from pre-1789 state and society. Ultimately, how would you evaluate the French Revolution? What was its true significance? Was it a break from the past? If so, how? If not, why not? In your answer, be certain to provide detailed examples in order to bolster your points and to examine ALL phases of the Revolution (the “moderate” and “radical” phases as well as Napoleon’s reign). . In a sense, the “Dual Revolution” gave birth to the modern ideologies of conservatism, liberalism, socialism, and romanticism. Choose two (2) of the four (4) ideologies above and indicate how proponents of that belief system saw and evaluated the French and Industrial Revolutions? Make certain to define your chosen ideology in your answer. Louis XVI King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793

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