This world has seen many great leaders and emperors but two of them standout a little more than the others. Their names are Julius Caesar and Napoleon Bonaparte. Both men were highly respected and greatly feared. They also ran great empires that spanned over thousands of miles. They wanted to rule and conquer anything they could. They have many similarities and differences in the way they ruled and conquered. Their empires were so big that there came a time where they couldn’t control it and their reign came to an end.
Julius Caesar and Napoleon Bonaparte have molded and shaped the way rulers and leaders should rule over their empires. Julius Caesar was born in Rome and the year of his birth is not certain but the two years that most historians say he was born in were 102 and 100 b. c. (vroma. org, roman-colosseum. info). He was born into a noble family that lived in Rome. He was about sixteen when his father died.
He married a woman by the name of Cornelia and her father was a very important political figure (www. vroma. org).
Caesar was told to divorce his wife because the Roman leader at the time wanted to marry her but he didn’t so he went into exile. He stayed in exile until his well to do friends and family got a pardon for Julius. Julius first came to power after he saved a citizens life he was awarded the civic crown. He was sent on missions that he completed to climb up the chain of power. After completing these tasks he became a lawyer and was known around the streets of Rome as an eloquent speaker. One historian states that when he was traveling he was kidnapped and held for ransom because he was such a high political figure.
While he was being held he told the men he would find them and kill them all. After he was released he tracked them down and killed each and every one of the pirates (www. vroma. org). In the year 72 B. C. Caesar was given the position of military tribune, this was the overseer of the military and its actions. In the year of 67 B. C. Julius finally received a seat in the senate of the Roman government. Around 63 B. C. he used funds that he borrowed from friends to be given the role of Chief Priest (www. vroma. org).
For about nine years Julius Caesar was not in Rome but instead busy conquering most of Europe. His reign stretched from modern day England to the bottom of Italy and from the border of modern day Spain and the border of modern day Germany. This was one of the biggest empires at thus point in history. It was compared to Alexander the Great’s empire. After obtaining all these areas of land through battle he put together a well thought out government plan to help control all this new territory they had. In 49 B. C. Julius was being threatened to lose his unofficial role as leader.
He brought his troops to Rome and started campaigning and after all was send and done he was officially elected consul. The man who opposed him was the leader of a armed force in Spain and were in the way of Caesar so, Caesar with his 21,000 troops to Pompey’s 46,000 set out to fight. Julius ended coming out victorious because of his amazing generalship (www. history. com, www. vroma. org). After this feat he continued on his way to Egypt where he defeated the Egyptian army. At Julius’ last senate meeting 60 of the senate members planned to kill him and they did.
Historians believe he was stabbed 23 times (www. vroma. org). Julius was one of the greatest leaders because he was fair and could rally his troops to do amazing things. He won many battles and that’s why he had so many enemies. Another great leader was Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon was born on August 5, 1769 (www. history. com). Napoleon was not born into a wealthy family but they were part of the nobility in France. His father was a lawyer. Napoleon’s military background comes from his attendance in the French Military academy. In the year 1796 Napoleon lead a small army to fight a much larger Austrian army.
Despite the slim odds Bonaparte succeeded in defeating the Austrians. Impressed by his feats the five main military leaders asked Napoleon to invade England, instead he offered a plan to invade Egypt. After he got the okay to do so Napoleon took over the Egyptian army and its main leaders (www. history. com, www. thefreesource. com). In 1799 Napoleon overthrew the French Directory in an attempt to gain more power. After the defeat he was the leading political figure to most historians (www. history. com). As leader Napoleon improved not only the military of France but also the economy and other parts of the French mpire. He helped reform the banks and education system as well as improving the arts and sciences. But his biggest contribution was the Napoleonic code, which was a big part of the legal system in France. (www. history. com, www. thefreesource. com, www. bbc. co. uk). In 1804 Napoleon declared himself emperor of France, which was meant he was the sole leader of this great empire (www. history. com). Napoleon won many battles and his reign stretched from the edge of the border of Spain to Italy and also some parts in Austria and Egypt. It was a strong and powerful empire at the time.
The start of Napoleon’s downfall began when Russia broke agreements with France. So Napoleon brought about 600,000 troops into Russia to attack but the Russians were prepared and had the perfect strategy to defeat the French army. The Russians would retreat and keep the French marching farther and farther into the harsh Russian terrain. As time went on the winter came and this caught the French off guard killing thousands of troops. After the retreat and Napoleon was back in Paris a tally was taken and only about 100,000 troops still remained (www. history. com).
During all this the British backed up Spain to attack the other side of the French empire this caused major losses for the French. Bonaparte retreated to Paris and soon Paris was taken over. Napoleon was exiled and told to never come back, but he did. He led 1,000 followers from the island of Elba and forced the new king to go into hiding. Many nations wanted Napoleon gone so they put their forces together to defeat him at the Battle of Waterloo (www. history. com, www. thefreesource. com). He was again sent to exile on the British Island of Saint Helena. He died at the age of 51.
Napoleon was not just a great military mind but he wanted to make France a better country overall. He improved so much that he was considered their greatest leader. Both Julius Caesar and Napoleon Bonaparte were great leaders in their respective eras in time. They showed admirable leadership qualities and put their countries before themselves. They wanted what was best for their country and they proved that by trying to improve the economies and government systems. Julius and Napoleon had their share of enemies because they were good at leading armies and destroying anything in their ways.
Their laws and war styles are still used today, that’s how smart and innovative they were. The world will have its great rulers and Julius Caesar and Napoleon Bonaparte will be a part of that list till the end of time.
1. http://www. history. com/topics/julius-caesar 2. http://www. vroma. org/~bmcmanus/caesar. html 3. http://www. roman-colosseum. info/roman-empire/julius-caesar. htm 4. http://www. history. com/topics/napoleon 5. http://www. thefreeresource. com/napoleon-bonaparte-facts-biographical-timeline-and-resources 6. http://www. bbc. co. uk/history/historic_figures/bonaparte_napoleon. shtml
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