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Mini Paper Punishment Philosophy Sample

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AbstractionThe punishments or penalty in the kingdom of corrections reflect the doctrines and moralss of civilisations and the authoritiess that sanction execution. Historically corrections were grounded in “retribution and punishment- and the uglier the better” ; “punishments were public occasions and street eyeglassess “filled with humiliation ( Esperian. 2010 ) . Then in the Nineteenth Century there was the rise of the penitentiary and was designated violators a confined topographic point to contemplate on the evildoings committed. by atoning and fixing for life outside parturiency. to be observant citizens of society ( Esperian.

2010 ) . Today penalty in corrections considers constructs such as requital. disincentive. incapacitation. rehabilitation. and retribution ; therein executions of different theoretical accounts of correctional doctrines. such as the justness theoretical account. the medical theoretical account. and the tutelary theoretical account. have developed ( Hebrews 13:3 ) . All theories for the field of corrections are grounded in rehabilitative resources to assist and steer wrongdoers in deriving a fruitful life ( Isaiah 43:18 )

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Punishment DoctrinePunishment is the “penalty inflicted on an wrongdoer through judicial procedure” ( Merriam-Webster.

2004 ) . The punishments or penalty in the kingdom of corrections reflect the doctrines and moralss of civilisations and the authoritiess that sanction execution. Historically corrections were grounded in “retribution and punishment- and the uglier the better” ; “punishments were public occasions and street eyeglassess “filled with humiliation ( Esperian. 2010 ) . Then in the Nineteenth Century there was the rise of the penitentiary and was designated violators a confined topographic point to contemplate on the evildoings committed. by atoning and fixing for life outside parturiency. to be observant citizens of society ( Esperian. 2010 ) . Today penalty in corrections considers constructs such as requital. disincentive. incapacitation. rehabilitation. retribution. etc. ; therein executions of different theoretical accounts of correctional doctrines. such as the justness theoretical account. the medical theoretical account. and the tutelary theoretical account. have developed. The theoretical accounts include and overlap in some theories. yet the primary end of all correctional theoretical accounts is to forestall farther offense from happening or rehabilitation along with lower recidivism in the system ( Seiter. 2005 ) ( 1 John 1:9 New International Version ) . Justice Model

The justness theoretical account of penalty theory proposed in 1975 by David Fogel. who was a broad former correctional functionary. David Fogel ( 1975 ) “argued that interventions in prisons were a myth. parole board discretion was unpredictable and unjust to the inmates” ( Seiter. 2005. p. 166 ) . The justness theoretical account rooted in retaliatory theory that holds wrongdoers accountable for actions. maintaining convicted wrongdoers isolated from the society of the law-abiding. and doing the wrongdoer serve “hard time” ( Mackenzie. 2001 ) ( Barton. 2012 ) . Fogel ( 1975 ) thought his thoughts would guarantee that offenders’ received merely what they deserved. To carry through his justness theoretical account prisons would return to the level determinate sentencing. with processs and regulations to restrict sentence discretion. The parole boards and word bureaus wholly eliminated. and all intervention plans for rehabilitation would be purely voluntary. ( Barton. 2012 ) ( Seiter. 2005. p. 166 ) ( Galatians 6:7 ) . Medical Model

The medical theoretical account of penalty theory suggested that “offenders were ill. inflicted with jobs that caused their criminalism and needed intervention. Introducing rehabilitative intervention would handle and decide the offenders’ jobs and fix them for release into the community to be productive and offense free” ( Seiter. 2005. p. 23 ) . Under the 14th amendment to the United States Constitution. the federal tribunals were inundated with entreaties by inmates to better the conditions of most prison due to conditions that were cruel and inhumane penalty. The entreaties and conditions of the prisons began the rehabilitative period including the medical theoretical account. undetermined sentencing. about limitless judicial discretion. word. and coerced engagement in rehabilitation plans ( Seiter. 2005. pp. 23. 164-167 ) ( MacNamara. 2006 ) ( Hebrews 13:3 ) . Custodial Model

The tutelary theoretical account of penalty theory is established on the footing that the incarcerated wrongdoers are a danger to the safety of society. are undisciplined. and lack regard of any authorization ( McWhorter. 2010 ) . Many prisons today. such as maximal security prisons. run under this theoretical account. There is great accent placed on security for staff every bit good as the inmates. subject and order similar to the military. incapacitation. and monitoring of motions. These safeguards must be taken due to the nature of the offenses the wrongdoers committed and their leaning toward force ( Mackenzie. 2001 ) ( Seiter. 2005 ) ( Colossians 3:25 ) . Decision

The universe of corrections will ever necessitate prisons working under the tutelary theoretical account ; there will ever be those inmates who will non accept rehabilitation and have no purposes of of all time altering their violent. dangers. and evil ways ( Isaiah 48:22 ) . The more convincing statement for the appropriate intents of corrections is the medical theory. This attack enables the wrongdoer to rehabilitate himself or herself to be a productive member of society. Medical does non needfully intend physical unwellness. but a “sin sickness” that needs rehabilitation ( James 5:16 ) . The “medicines” to assist the wrongdoer must be taken earnestly. dependably. and by their free will. This intervention could affect so execution of one or some of these plans such as. educational classs. indispensable accomplishments and apprenticeship preparation. trial.

The intervention based plans could run from self-esteem. intoxicant maltreatment. substance maltreatment. choler direction. household categories. and domestic force. All these plans would let for probation alternatively of captivity for non-violent wrongdoers and supply wise mans in society. These plans would pay for themselves with voluntaries. and the decreased recidivism while implemented ( Ecclesiastes 4:10 ) . There must be disincentive from perpetrating offenses and should be started in the community before discourtesies happens ; there must be heed taken to take the criminogenic elements in society. Christian societies should pray for those who are in authorization and for the authorities ( 1Timothy 2:1-4 ) . and should vote for governing representatives with Godly understanding ( 1 John 4:10 ) . Populating in Godly rules. the Torahs will hold more significance and understanding which will let for the end of rehabilitated citizens ( Matthew 25: 23 ) .

Mentions

Barton. A. ( 2012. August 1 ) . Just deserts theory. Retrieved from Encyclopedia of Prisons & A ; Correctional Facilities: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. sagepub. com/hanserintro/study/materials/reference/ref3. 1. pdf Esperian. J. H. ( 2010. December ) . The consequence of prison instruction plans on recidivism. Journal of Correctional Education. 61 ( 4 ) . 316-334. Retrieved July 2014. from hypertext transfer protocol: //go. galegroup. com/ps/i. make? id=GALE % 7CA345617852 & A ; v=2. 1 & A ; u=vic_liberty & A ; it=r & A ; p=AONE & A ; sw=w & A ; asid=cd6fb63c1b476073983acfb66c593b5c Mackenzie. D. L. ( 2001. July ) . Sentencing and corrections in the twenty-first century: puting the phase for the hereafter. Retrieved from ncjrs. gov: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. ncjrs. gov/pdffiles1/nij/189106-2. pdf MacNamara. D. E. ( 2006 ) . The medical theoretical account in corrections. Criminology. 14 ( 4 ) . 439-448. doi:10. 1111/j. 1745-9125. 1977. tb00036. ten McWhorter. R. L. ( 2010 ) . Punishment. Salem Health: Psychology & A ; Mental Health. IV. 1563-1566. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //go. galegroup. com/ps/i. make? id=GALE % 7CCX2275200464 & A ; v=2. 1 & A ; u=vic_liberty & A ; it=r & A ; p=GVRL & A ; sw=w & A ; asid=184cd16bb595f9d0b96c22fca2e01642 Merriam-Webster. ( 2004 ) . penalty. Retrieved from Merriam-Webster: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. merriam-webster. com/dictionary/punishment Seiter. R. P. ( 2005 ) . Correctionss: an debut ( Fourth ed. ) . Upper Saddle River. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Cite this Mini Paper Punishment Philosophy Sample

Mini Paper Punishment Philosophy Sample. (2017, Jul 20). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/mini-paper-punishment-philosophy-essay-sample-3817/

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