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Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) or Dissociativ

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MPDeIdentity Disorder (DID) was first acknowledged in the 1700’sbut was not understood so therefore it was forgotten. Manycases show up in medical records through the years, but in1905, Dr. Morton Prince wrote a book about MPD that is afoundation for the disease. A few years after it waspublished Sigmund Freud dismissed the affliction and thisdropped it from being discussed at any credible mentalhealth meetings. Since then the disorder has been overlookedand misdiagnosed as either schizophrenia or psychosis. Manyin the medical profession did not believe that a personcould unknowingly have more than one personality or personinside one body, even after the in the 1950’s Three Faces ofEve was published by two psychiatrist.

In 1993, recordsshowed that three to five thousand patients were beingtreated for MPD compared to the hundred cases reported tenyears earlier. There is still as increase in the number ofcases being reported as the scientific community learns moreand more about the disease and the public is becoming moreand more aware of this mental disorder.

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There are still manyquestions left unanswered about the disease, like “Is itgenetic?” or “Is a certain type of personality morevulnerable to the disorder?” but many aspects of how peoplecome by the disorder are already answered (Clark, 1993,p.17-19) MPD is commonly found in adults who wererecurrently abused mentally, physically, emotionally, and/orsexually as young children, between birth to 8 years of age.

The child uses a process called dissociation to removehim/herself from the abusive situation. Dissociation is whena child makes up an imaginary personality to take control ofthe mind and body while the child is being abused. The childcan imagine many personalities but usually there is apersonality for every feeling and or emotion that wasinvolved during the abuse (BoyyM, 1998, p.1). As an adult,the abused child finds it hard to keep track of time and mayhave episodes of amnesia. Other symptoms that will appear inadults with MPD are depression, auditory and visualhallucinations (hearing voices) and suicidal thoughts.

Another major symptom is when the adult has no recollectionof their childhood. The adult with MPD has no idea they wereabused as children and also unaware of the otherpersonalities living inside of their head.

Multiple Personality Disorder is when there is “thepresence of two or more distinct identities orpersonalities, each with its own relatively enduring patternof perceiving, relating to, and thinking about theenvironment and self”(BoyyM, 1998, p.1). There can beanywhere from two to over a hundred different personalities.

Usually each personality will fall into one of the followingcategories: core, host, protectors, internal self-helper,fragments, child members, preteen, teenager, adults,artistic/music, cross-gender, cross-colored, animal members,inanimate members (BoyyM, 1998, p. 2-3). The hostpersonality is the person who is the multiple, this is theoriginal personality, or the one that created the otherpersonalities, but is unaware of them. The most commonapparent identities are the child, persecutor, rescuer, andhelper. The child is the identity that is under the age oftwelve. They behave as children often sucking thumbs,twisting hair, like to eat cookies, throw tantrums, and usechild-like vocabulary. The Persecutor identity is theself-destructive identity that is violent and angry.

Persecutor identities usually have a drug/alcohol problemand generally put the host at risk. The rescuer personalityis usually devoid of emotion but logical, able, proficient,and responsible. The helper personality knows the most aboutthe history of the multiple; they generally want to helpeveryone for the general good. The helper personality is thepersonality that is most helpful in therapy because theyusually know about all the other identities (Clark, 1993,p.80-83). Subpersonalities are not only part of a personwith MPD but they are also evident in emotionally normalpersons as well. Although, in a normal person, he/sheremembers when their subpersonality takes over, but in a MPDpatient, the personality disconnects from the host that thehost can not remember what happens. When a traumaticexperience happens, whether positive or negative, asubpersonality will develop. In a normal person, thesplitting is broken into an “ok self” and a “not ok self”.

In a multiple, the personalities are more defined; they arebroken into smaller fragments that disassociate from thehuman host (Rowan, 1990, p. 7, 20). In the book by Terri A. Clark, M.D., it shows thedistinct the personalities are in several cases. It alsodisplays how each identity can be different from the otheridentities and the host. In one of Clark’s cases, Veronica,one of the personalities of her patient Regina, showed upfor the weekly appointment instead of Regina (note that itreally was Regina, but she was a different identity). Clarknoticed a change in the appearance of Regina on her arrivaland noted the difference in her voice. Veronica (Regina)continued to speak to Clark as if it was the first time theyhad met. Although, Veronica knew about Clark, Regina’spersonal life, and therapy, this was the first time Clarkhad met this personality. Clark discovered while talking toVeronica that she had a separate business which she ran onthe weekends, and when Veronica was in control of the body.

Regina had no idea about the business; Veronica used thefake name and an Art Gallery’s telephone number in which torun her business. Veronica even had a different handwritingthan Regina. According to Clark, each personality has itsown distinct features, such as handwriting, fashion taste,hobbies, and culinary taste. In most cases, there willalways be personality that writes with their left hand,while the host and other identities write with their right.

In Regina’s case, Veronica wore different clothes thanRegina and she had an interest in fine art. Each personalityof a host, when asked, will tell you they have a certaintype of hair color and cut, height, weight, and even gender(Clark, 1993, p. 73-78). The problem with having all thesepersonalities is that they do not mesh well. Consequencescan arise from having so many different traits inside onebody like eating and sleep disorders, depression, anxiety,and substance abuse (Smith, 1993, p.1). Each alter also hastheir own name, these names can come from anything but thereare three common factors that influence the alters name.

Some alters are just born with the name, this is when thealter is modeled after a real or fictional character. Somealters are named after emotional responses, such as Sad Oneor Angry Janie. Many alters are named for the specific jobthey are supposed to do, like Director, Helper or Avenger.

The names chosen have been created by a child so they aremost likely modeled after a fictional or real character.

Although the host will have no idea of the otherpersonalities and will not respond to the names at first,the alters respond to the birth personalities name (Clark,1993, 90-91). The circumstances that the identities get thehost into can also become a problem. The different alterswhile in possession of the body can go somewhere where thehost does not know and then leave and the host is left withno idea how he/she got there and how to get back. In Sybil,one of the first times she realized she had a problem waswhen she had to leave her Columbia University Chemistry Labwhen something broke. The last thing she remembered wasstanding at the elevator but when she regained consciousnessshe was in the warehouse district of Philadelphia. Milesfrom where she had been before in New York and it was fivedays later (Schreiber, 1973, p. 23-36). The persecutoridentity has a tendency to leave the host in dangerousCarla, one of Clark’s patients, had a persecutor alternamed Godiva. Godiva was always putting Carla in stickysituations like Godiva would pick up men at bars and bringthem home or go home with them. Carla would come toconsciousness with an unknown man in her bed and she wouldpass out, another alter would have to come out and rescueCarla. CJ (Carla’s big burly male alter) would come outpunch the guy and leave. Christine (Carla’s logical alter)would come out and handle the situation using hernegotiation skills. At other times Timmy (the young boy whowas an escape artist) would come out talk his way out of thesituation, leaving the man so bewildered because he was witha woman who thought she was a young boy. When this occurredit would leave the other alters upset at Godiva (Clark,There are three different types of relationships thatalters can have between each other. The first one is,”one-way amnesia”, this is when alter number one knows aboutalter number two but alter number two does not know aboutnumber one. The second relationship is “‘two-way amnesia’exist when neither alter know about each other”(Clark, 1993,p. 87). Cocognizance, the third relationship, is when allthe alters know about each other but the host personalityknows about none of them. The host will hear conversationsin his/her head, these conversations are between the alters.

This is when the alters know the host personality but isunable to affect it as long as the host is in control(Clark, 1993, p. 87-88). The cause of MPD is severe trauma,most of the trauma happens at a young age and the violatoris usually someone who the child knows. In satanic cults,children mistreated and abused, to intentionally cause MPD,do not know everyone who is involved in the abuse. Examplesgiven by Clark are children put in a coffin with rats,snakes, and bugs then buried alive. Later the satanic cultleader or priest will rescue the child therefore making thechild feel obligated to that person. In satanic cults,children are also raped. During the rape, men and womenwould violate the child they would also violate the childwith objects such as a knife, an upside down crucifix, andother objects (Clark, 1993, 181-198). The child gets to thepoint where they think they are going to die, and theydisassociate themselves from the situation, this is when thepersonalities are born. Other types of abuse are emotionaland psychological abuse by a parent. One of Clark’s patientsremembered under hypnosis a time when she was two. Hermother took her outside put her in a tree and told her tojump, the child after a slight hesitation did so, and themother stepped back, watched the child fall to the ground,and laughed. These traumatic events and others are the causeof MPD (Clark, 1993, 105-106). No matter how bad the abusewas and how many different personalities are present; a MPDpatient can be cured. The process to recovery for a MPDpatient is long and hard. The personalities are not beingmade to disappear but to become one. There has to be afusion of all the alters into the host, the host has tolearn to express all the emotions, that for so long, anotheralter would take care of for them. Although some MPDpatients are harder than others to fuse, but all patientscan be cured. Patients that were subject to Satanic RitualAbuse are more difficult to fuse due to the threats that thecult made or are making on their lives. A patient that wasin a cult must have lost all contact with the cult beforesuccessful fusion can take place. When fusion issuccessfully accomplished, the host person can handle theiremotions as where before fusion they were unaware of manycommon emotions (Clark, 1993, 208-213). Research iscontinuing to be done on this disorder. Many people still doubt the realism of the disorder,especially as more people fake the disorder to get out ofjudicial problems. About 1% of America’s population has MPD,but many are scared to see Psychiatrist, and many fake thedisorder (Smith, 1993, p. 1). As awareness for the diseaseis becoming more prevalent, more patients are discoveringafter years of misdiagnosis, they finally can start theright kind of therapy. Multiple Personality Disorder is nota disease or mental illness, it is a disorder caused bytraumatic events in early childhood. MPD is treatable and aMPD patient can hope to one day live a normal life withevery part of his/her personality fused into one. A MPDpatient is not something to be afraid of as where theyusually just inflict pain upon themselves and not on others.

MPD patients can be your next door neighbor, parent, andeven spouse. They do not seem that different from normalpeople, and many do not even know they have the disorder.

Awareness is the key, not only awareness of MPD but of childabuse, if child abuse is stopped MPD will not be a problem. Biblical Response Multiple Personality Disorder isoften brushed aside by Christians who think that MPD isdemon possession, but MPD and demon possession differentiatein many ways. MPD although it can be caused by satanicritual abuse is not evil, it is a process of the mind.

Possession on the other hand, is when a body is taken overby an evil spirit. It is the physical body that the demonhas control over not the mind. In MPD the only part affectedis the mind, the body is not changed and does not convulseas it does in possession. In Ephesians 6:12(NIV) it iswritten, “For our struggle is not against flesh and blood,but against rulers, against authorities, against the powersof this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evilin the heavenly realms.” Demon possession is the fightagainst the flesh MPD is the fight against the mind. InMatthew 8:28-31 we see demon possession, “When he arrived atthe other side in the region of the Gadarenes, twodemon-possessed men coming from the tombs met him. They wereso violent that no one could pass that way. “What do youwant with us, Son of God?” they shouted. “Have you come hereto torture us before the appointed time?” Some distance fromthem a large herd of pigs was feeding. The demons beggedJesus, “If you drive us out, send us into the herd of pigs.”He said to them, “Go!” So they came out and went into thepigs, and the whole herd rushed down the steep bank into thelake and died in the water.” This shows that demons arefirst only in possession of body and second afraid of JesusChrist. If a Bible is brought into a room with one that ispossessed they will immediately ask for the person to leave.

I do not believe that MPD is demon possession, I do believethat they are more susceptible to it if they have beeninvolved in a satanic cult. MPD patients are gifted, smartindividuals who suffered greatly as children and they usedtheir only defense their imaginations to alleviate the pain.

In Mark 10:13-16 says, “People were bringing little childrento Jesus to have him touch them, but the disciples rebukedthem. When Jesus saw this, he was indignant. He said tothem, ‘Let the little children come to me, and do not hinderthem, for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these. Itell you the truth, anyone who will not receive the kingdomof God like a little child will never enter it.’ He took thechildren in his arms, put his hands on them and blessedBibliography:REFERENCE LIST BOYY M. (1998). Clark, Terri A., M.D. (1993). More Than One (1st edition).

Nashville, TN:Oliver- Nelson Books, 17-19, 73-78, 80-83,87-88, 90-91, 99, 105-106, 181-198, 208-213. New Student BibleSchreiber, Flora Rheta (1973). Sybil (1st edition). NewYork: Warner Books, 23-26. Comer, Ronald J (1992). Abnormal Psychology (2nd edition).

New York: W.H Freeman and Company, 626-632

Cite this Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) or Dissociativ

Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) or Dissociativ. (2019, Jan 04). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/multiple-personality-disorder-mpd-or-dissociativ/

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