Nature vs. Nurture M. B. Liberty University Psychology 101 Nature vs. Nurture There has been extensive debate between scholars in the field of psychology surrounding the Nature vs. Nurture issue. Both nature and nurture determine who we are and neither is solely independent of the other. “As the area of a rectangle is determined by its length and its width, so do biology and experience together create us. ”(Myers, 2008, p. ) Carl Gustav Jung, and leading thinker and creator of analytical psychology, believes: “Human behavior is influenced both by individual experience and also by an innate “collective unconscious” that vests all of us with certain proclivities and tendencies. ”(Hayes, 2000, p. 7) From my personal life experience and study of Nature vs. Nurture, I am a firm believer that the two are equally important in determining who we are. Thoughts on Nature vs. Nurture The issues that encompass the Nature vs. Nurture argument are whether a person’s qualities are intrinsic or erudite.
My thoughts on the issue place the responsibility equally on both inherent traits and environmental factors. For example, I was born with certain genes that are a gift such as intelligence and attractiveness. On the other hand, I was born with genealogical traits that could cause difficulty in my life as well, such as psoriasis and dyslexia. However, all these factors could have been changed because of my environment. The good qualities, such as looks and intelligence could have been ignored and dissolved due to external factors.
If I were to have developed an addiction to drugs or crime these two factors could have been ruined. Likewise, my battle with psoriasis and dyslexia could have been debilitating if the issues were neglected and the good traits were not emphasized. Because of my positive nurture factors that complimented my nature traits I am a successful individual who has overcame my faults by focusing on my strengths. My nature and my genes gave me tendencies to be the best person that I could be but if not combined with the proper nurture my good nature could have been useless. History
The history of the Nature vs. Nurture began with Darwin’s theory of evolution and natural selection. At one time, entire cultural groups were considered to be inferior or superior by nature and ethnicity. During the late Middle Ages, philosophers began to recognize differences among groups dependent on their socialization or nurture. Nature vs. Nurture began to be controversial in the 20th Century when the Nazis began to destroy humans of a certain nature to develop the perfect human race. This prompted psychological debate on whether human identity was by nature or subject to socialism by nurture. Prien, Pitts, & Kamery, 2003, p. 51) Characteristics The characteristics of nature vs. nurture are quite different. Nature is those qualities about a person that are deemed genetic. Such genetics heritability includes a person’s color and gender. Nature is a person’s biological determinism. Characteristics of nurture include environmental variation and external influences. These characteristics are dependent on such factors as social status and education and the influence these factors have on a person’s character.
In my opinion, both nature and nurture uniformly determine of person’s personality and intelligence. This opinion is widely debated but not debunked. Concluding Thoughts John Tooby and Leda Cosmides, two highly respected and influential people in the nature vs. nurture study state, “Evolutionary psychology is not just another swing of the nature/nurture pendulum. A defining characteristic of the field is the explicit rejection of the usual nature/nurture dichotomies—instinct vs. reasoning, innate vs. learned, biological vs. cultural.
What effect the environment will have on an organism depends critically on the details of its evolved cognitive architecture” (Hayes, 2000, p. 7). When considering the discussion surrounding Nature vs. Nurture, I thought about my personal experiences along with my learned information on the debate. These two factors have led me to the conclusion that arguing whether one is more influential than the other is a misleading notion. Nature vs. Nurture should be accepted as nature and nurture, and no longer debated. By now, we should have a word that means the combination of both.
A single word that defines who we are based on our genetics and environmental stimuli. It is not how biology and culture contrast but rather how they interact and how our individual personalities interact with our situations. (Myers, 2008, p. 182) References Hayes, B. J. (2000). The nature vs nurture debate or controversy- human psychology. Retrieved March 11, 2009, from http://www. age-of-the-sage. org/psychology/nature_nurture. html Myers, D. G. (2008). Social Psychology (9th ed. ). [Adobe Digital Editions]. Retrieved from Social_Psychology_Entire_Ebook. df(Secured) Prien, K. , Pitts, S. , & Kamery, R.. (2003). THE RISE AND FALL OF SOCIAL DARWINISM IN THE LATE 19th CENTURY. Allied Academies International Conference. Academy of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict. Proceedings, 8(1), 51-56. Retrieved March 11, 2010, from ABI/INFORM Complete. (Document ID: 1559889981). Final Paper Checklist Be sure to submit this checklist when you submit your Final Paper as the last page. ?list| Content & Directions| PossiblePoints| PointsReceived| | Content:Does the paper cover the subject as thoroughly as possible?
Does it demonstrate a personal understanding of the subject? | 25| 25| | Introduction:Paper has an introductory paragraph| 5| 5| | Questions: Is subject of the paper properly addressed? | 10| 10| | Guidelines: Did student stay within the guidelines given? | 10| 10| | Conclusion: Paper is given a concluding paragraph| 5| 5| | Spelling/Grammar: Minus 1 point per mistake| -| -5| | Directions: Is this page provided as the last page of the paper? | 5| 5| | Content Total:| 60| 55| | APA Format| | | Cover Page: Title of paper, course name, student name, running head, page number| 10| 6| | Headings: Correct level – Title, all questions, References| 10| 10| | Margins/Spacing: 1” margins, & everything double-spaced| 5| 5| | Header: Each page has the running head and the correct page number ? ” from edge, top right corner| 5| 5| | References: 4 References shown, citations match, correct format| 10| 7| | APA Format Total: | 40| 33| | You did a good job on the content and on following the grading rubric. You had a few grammatical issues but overall very good. Total:| 100| 88|