North or South: Who Killed Reconstruction

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After the Civil War ended, Reconstruction began with the aim of rebuilding the United States. Slavery was abolished with the 13th amendment, and other amendments followed, including the 14th and 15th amendments granting citizenship and voting rights to black Americans. Northerners went to the South to assist with Reconstruction, but faced resistance from those who opposed it. The North grew tired of trying to get the South to help Freedmen, and the Panic of 1873 diverted attention from Reconstruction. Southern opposition, including the Ku Klux Klan, threatened and killed anyone who supported Reconstruction. This resistance caused the end of Reconstruction in 1877, making it a challenging task for the North and South.

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“…the slave went free ; stood a brief minute in the Sun ; so moved back once more toward slavery” ( W. E. B. Dubois ) . After the Civil War ended in 1865. Reconstruction began. All slaves were eventually freed because of the 13th amendment. Other amendments were passed such as: the 14th amendment which gave black Americans citizenship and the 15th amendment had made it illegal to deny person the right to vote based on race. To implement these new Torahs. Northerners went south to assist Freedmen and Reconstruction ; these people are besides known as carpetbaggers. Many people resisted in the South. so it was hard to transport out the new thoughts of Reconstruction. Rebuilding the United States was non an easy undertaking because it shortly ended in 1877. Reconstruction is the procedure of reconstructing or reorganising of something. Both the North and South contributed to the terminal of Reconstruction ; but southern opposition did the most to stop it.

Northern disregard was one of the grounds that had ended Reconstruction. “Weary of the ‘Negro Question’ and ‘sick of carpet-bag’ government… North began to turn against Reconstruction policies” ( Littell ) . The North grew tired of seeking to acquire the South to assist Freedmen. In an article called The Death of Reconstruction: Race. Labor and Politics in the Post-Civil War North. 1865-1901. by Heather Cox Richardson. she wrote about how inkinesss were barbarian people. They assumed it would take clip for ‘them’ to larn the methods of the white people. Northerners started to concentrate on their ain concerns such as the Panic of 1873. which was the loss of 1000000s of occupations ; even the president turned off from the jobs of Reconstruction.

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Southern opposition besides. had a large impact on the terminal of Reconstruction. In a missive. a adult male named Albion Tourgee wrote about the Ku Klux Klan’s actions in the South. Tourgee served as a justice in North Carolina and he believed the Klan was after carpetbaggers. such as Tourgee himself. The KKK is made up of many ordinary people ; attorneies. physicians. and husbandmans. They threatened and killed anybody who supported Freedmen and Reconstruction. They even intimidated people as they voted. In a image found in Harper’s Weekly in 1876. it showed white Southerners coercing a black American to vote for the Democratic Party. White persons who did non back up Reconstruction ensured non to allow Reconstruction in the South.

Southern opposition was what had caused the terminal of Reconstruction in 1877. They threatened Freedmen. Carpetbaggers. Scalawags. and Extremist Republicans. The South resisted so much ; the North could non back up Reconstruction any longer. The KKK was invariably killing people who favored Reconstruction. and the North was losing hope. The Klan wanted to stop Reconstruction and halt African americans from fall ining the white society. They killed people in public to demo they would non endorse down. and the opposition from these people made Reconstruction a fighting undertaking.

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