Nursing and Health Promotion Casey M. Smith Grand Canyon University: NRS-429V April 21, 2013 The World Health Organization (WHO) describes health promotion as allowing society to control elements of personal health, through intelligent, healthy decisions. Health promotion improves the resourcefulness of people to be accountable, and the capacity of organizations and communities to guide the determinants of health. Due to the multitude of determinants of health, health promotion needs cooperation of community and healthcare professionals (Jadelhack, 2012).
Health promotion is a planned activity intended to create health, or illness-related learning.
Health promotion could also be viewed as an addition to, or stand-in for, an older attempt on the prevention of disease (Tengland, 2010). Health promotion, unlike disease prevention, attempts to modify sociopolitical factors, contesting societal norms. It intends to enable the worst off, providing resources to modify their lives, providing some societal equality. Empowerment is a strategy that starts from the bottom and works its way up to the more fortunate.
The terms health promotion and disease prevention allude to skilled actions.
Health promotion implies a profession, and is viewed to as overly medically oriented, overly dependent upon prevention, displacement of risk and healthcare (Tengland, 2010). Nursing roles and responsibilities are evolving in health care. The International Council of Nurses (ICN) (2009) showed that health-improving methods carried out by nurses practicing within various contexts offer perfect circumstances for health promotion, creating healthy environments.
Nurses are instrumental in creating an avenue for good health through health promotion. Nurses practice health promotion education in communities, positively affecting health. Some of these acts involve breastfeeding education, hypertension prevention and control, coronary heart disease, obesity and diabetes control. All of these examples are nurse-managed, representing public health interventions aimed at modifying health behaviors, encouraging positive health habits (Tengland, 2010).
Nurses implement various methods in the promotion of health, including the creation of ancillary environments, reorienting health services, creating healthy public policy and the development of personal skills (Roden & Jarvis, 2012). All health careers are dared to produce a new vision of the future, and it is an enormous test for nurse educators as to evaluate nursing curricula and educate prospective nurses according to global health needs and the present economic situation worldwide (Tengland, 2010).
Nurses implement various methods in the promotion of health, including the creation of ancillary environments, reorienting health services, creating healthy public policy and the development of personal skills (Roden & Jarvis, 2012). The philosophy of Primary Health Care (PHC) out of Ottawa, Canada, emphasizes social justice, equity, community involvement and being responsible to local societal needs. This was established to assist countries suffering with health inequality. The PHC improves individual and family health status by offering affordable and maintainable health care, empowering people to lead a healthy, productive life.
Nurses provide education, allowing for the development of personal skills such as identification of health risk (Roden & Jarvis, 2012). There is a colossal distinction amid the three levels of health promotion prevention under primary, secondary and tertiary. The difference hinges upon the degree of illness and the irreparability of the position of the client. The first level handles healthy clients with few occurrences of disease, injury, or occasions of maladies. This tier decreases client sensitivity to disease via prophylactic means such as immunization.
Primary prevention may involve elevating societal opposition to disease (as in the case of immunization), reducing or eradicating the causes of health problems, or creating an environment suited to health. At the second level, cases range from health risks to grave illness. Medication administration to the client alleviates and decreases pain. In this stage the patient is stable. Finally, tertiary prevention involves managing serious health situations and chronic and communicable disease. The infection of such diseases is concerning.
Preventing diseases such as AIDS and other contagious diseases utilize the concept of quarantine, and disease free zones play a vital role in the containment of disease (Williams, 2011). Health promotion advocates must be committed and proficient. Necessary competencies include the ability to cross-cut issues like economic, political, religious and regulatory barriers to healthy living, so there is considerable overlap between the aims, strategies and skills of health promotion, public health and other health-related professions. They must enable the marginalized to speak for themselves (Gould, Fleming & Parker, 2012).
Together, along with the help of other healthcare professionals, nurses can have a great impact on healthy living through health promotion. References Gould, T. , Fleming, M. , & Parker, E. (2012). Advocacy for health: Revisiting the role of health promotion. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 23(3), 165-170. Jadelhack, R. (2012). Health promotion in nursing and cost-effectiveness. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 19(2), 65-68. Roden, J. , & Jarvis, L. (2012). Evaluation of health promotion activities of pediatric nurses: Is the ottawa charter for health promotion a useful framework?.
Contemporary Nurse: A Journal for the Australian Nursing Profession, 41(2), 271-284. Tengland, P. (2010). Health promotion or disease prevention: A real difference for public health practice?. Health Care Analysis, 18(3), 203-221. doi:10. 1007/s10728-009-0124-1 Tengland, P. (2010). Health promotion and disease prevention: Logically different conceptions?. Health Care Analysis, 18(4), 323-341. doi:10. 1007/s10728-009-0125-0 Williams, H. (2011). Primary prevention in health promotion. The pulse. Retrieved from www. FindArticles. com
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