Simon Jose Antonio de la Santísma Trinidad Bolivar y Palacios Ponte y Blanco, also known as Simon Bolivar, born on July 24, 1783, was a Venezuelan military and political leader. Simon Bolivar played a key role in Hispanic America’s successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire, and is today considered one of the most influential politicians in the history of the Americas. Simon Bolivar is an influential leader not only to people in Venezuela but to all the other leaders that wants to free their country from other rulers.
Simon Bolivar was an excellent military commander, a firm man, an inspirational leader, and a political thinker. Above all he was a man of action. He promised to free Latin America from Spain and by power of his own character made that happen. This was how he attained the title, “The Liberator”. His legacy is great and will always be great. Many places and people were named after him. Even an American Civil War general conceded his name into battle, Simon Bolivar Buckner.
Simon Bolivar was born in Caracas, Captaincy General of Venezuela, which is now Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. His birth name was Simón José Antonio de la Santísma Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios. He was born on July 24, 1783 and died on December 17, 1830 in Santa Marta, New Granada. Don Simon Rodriguez was Bolivar’s friend and adviser, and he established in him the ideas of liberty, enlightenment, and freedom. Don Simon also educated Bolivar about human rights, politics, history, and sociology.
At the age of 14, Bolivar entered the military academy. While in military training he developed his eager love for armaments and military strategy, in which later on he would use in battle for independence. While Simon was in Paris, he saw the crowning of Napoleon, and from that moment he wished that he could imitate related successful glory for the citizens of his native land. Simon Bolivar returned to Venezuela in 1807.
In 1813, Bolivar was given a military command in Tunja, New Granada, which is now Colombia, under the direction of the Congress of the United Provinces of New Granada, which had created out the juntas (meetings), settled in 1810. This was the start of the Admirable Campaign. Bolivar went to Merida on May 24, where he was declared as the Liberator (El Libertador). Caracas was retaken on August 6, 1813 and Bolívar was confirmed as “El Libertador”, consequently declare the return of the Venezuelan republic.
He planned to march into Cartagena and join the aid of local forces in order to detain Royalist Santa Marta. In 1815, after a number of political and military conflicts with the government of Cartagena, but, Bolívar fled to Jamaica, where he was left without support and an effort was made on his life, after which he fled to Haiti, where he was given refuge and protection. After the malfunction of congress to create a new constitution, Bolívar declared himself dictator on August 27, 1828 through the “Decree of Dictatorship”.
He measured this as a momentary measure, as a means to restore his power and save the republic, although it raised discontent and fury among his political rivals. Simon Bolivar was in power from August 6, 1813- January 28, 1827. During that time he was president of Venezuela, Gran Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru. He was also in command of many battles that were made due to the strong attempt for the independence of these countries. He inspired many men of Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia to pursue him through pathless wilderness to fight and die for liberty.