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Sixteen Most Significant Events In Us History

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    Between 1789 To 1975 Essay, Research Paper

    Sixteen Most Significant Events in US History between 1789 to 1975

    After a reappraisal of United States ’ history from 1789 to 1975, I have

    identified what I believe are the 16 most important events of that

    clip period. The affiliated sheet identifies the events and topographic points them in

    brackets by clip period. The undermentioned treatment provides my logical thinking

    for choosing each of the events and my sentiment as to their comparative

    importance in contrast to each other. Finally, I have concluded that of

    the 16 events, the Civil War had the most important impact on the

    history of the clip period in which it occurred and remains the most

    important event in American history.

    The treatment begins with bracket I covering the period from 1789-1850,

    and partner off the figure one seed in the bracket “ Mexican-American War ” against

    the 4th seed “ Louisiana Purchase ” . The 2nd seed in the bracket

    “ Marbury v Madison ” is paired against the 3rd seed “ Monroe Doctrine ” .

    The purchase of Louisiana from France in 1803 was the most popular and

    momentous event of the Jefferson presidential term. It had several important

    economic and political deductions on this period in history. From an

    economic position it doubled the size of the United States at a monetary value of

    merely 15 million dollars. It allowed colony beyond the Mississippi

    River in a district that was rich in minerals and natural resources. It

    eliminated the United States ’ long battle for control of the Mississippi

    River and its mercantile establishment to the sea, and as Jefferson stated, it freed America

    from European influence at its boundary lines. In add-on to these economic

    deductions, the purchase besides had historic political deductions. The

    acquisition took topographic point at a clip when the authorities was still researching

    the powers that the Constitution had granted it. Jefferson, himself,

    carefully deliberated whether the Constitution granted him the right to

    get district for the intent of expandi the Union. He reflected on

    the possible demand for an amendment to the Constitution to warrant the

    action. Finally, under intense force per unit area, he allowed the purchase and put

    an of import case in point. His action established the power of the president

    to spread out the boundary lines of the United States under the bing powers of the

    Fundamental law.

    Despite the economic and political deductions of the Louisiana

    Purchase, the Mexican-American War ( 1846-1848 ) had more important

    historical deductions on this clip period. While dissensions between

    the two states had been roll uping for two decennaries, the war was

    chiefly the consequence of American feelings of “ manifest fate ” to spread out

    their boundary lines. The pact of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the war,

    granted the United States the parts of California, Nevada and Utah, and

    parts of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming. However, the

    important consequence of the war on United States ’ history would be the

    contention over whether the districts acquired should be break one’s back or liberate.

    The state, at this clip, was divided between proslave sentiment in the

    South and antislave sentiment in the North. Assorted efforts at via media

    to settle the contention, such as “ The Compromise of 1850 ″ and the “ Kansas

    Nebraska Act ” failed. Finally, when the issue could non be resol

    peacefully, the state was drawn into a civil war. It is apparent that the

    result of the Mexican-American War became one of the most influential,

    indirect causes of the Civil War.

    Both the Louisiana Purchase and the Mexican-American War expanded

    United States boundary lines and had good economic impacts. However, the

    deductions of enlargement brought about by the Mexican-American War were

    more important. While the Louisiana Purchase helped specify the

    constitutional powers of the president, the Mexican-American War farther

    exacerbated the slave issue which finally resulted in civil war.

    The Monroe Doctrine was the most of import averment to day of the month of United

    States ’ foreign policy in history. The philosophy was delivered by President

    James Monroe as portion of his one-year message to Congress in 1823. This

    statement of place would order the policy of the United States in

    international personal businesss for old ages to come. The philosophy was in reaction to

    continual intervention of European states in the personal businesss of Latin America.

    It provided a model for how the United States would cover with foreign

    intercession in the western hemisphere. It stated that Europe was to stay

    out of the personal businesss of states in the western hemisphere and any effort

    to step in would be viewed as a menace to the United States. In return,

    the United States agreed to remain out of European personal businesss.

    Marbury V Madison is arguably one of the most of import determinations by

    the Supreme Court in United States ’ history. The instance, which was presided

    over in 1803 by Chief Justice John Marshall, concerned President Adams ’ s

    assignment of William Marbury as Justice of the Peace in the District of

    Columbia. Adams ’ s term ended before Marbury took office, and James Madison,

    the new Secretary of State, attempted to keep back the assignment. Marbury

    petitioned the Supreme Court under Section 13 of the Judiciary Act of 1789

    to coerce Madison to allow the assignment. The tribunal refused to govern on

    the assignment since Section 13 gave the Supreme Court powers non provided

    by the Constitution. As a consequence, the tribunal declared Section 13

    unconstitutional. The determination defined the function of the Supreme Court in

    the authorities and where the tribunal tantrum into the system of cheques and

    balances. The instance established power of judicial reappraisal of Congressional

    statute law and represented the first judicial sertion of its right to

    declare an act of Congress unconstitutional. While the Constitution did

    non talk straight to this degree of judicial authorization, the instance created a

    case in point which is still followed today.

    When comparing the immediate impact Marbury V Madison and the Monroe

    Doctrine had on this period in history, Marbury v Madison is winning.

    The Marbury v Madison determination had immediate deductions. It clearly

    established the place and power of the tribunal in authorities. It required

    Congress to see possible constitutional deductions of all hereafter

    statute law. On the other manus, the Monroe Doctrine ’ s deductions would

    non be realized until beyond the 1850 ’ s when policies such as Secretary of

    State Seward ’ s denouncement of Gallic intercession in Mexico and the

    Roosevelt Corollary would be based on the philosophy. At the clip the

    philosophy was put away, the United States lacked the military strength to

    implement the philosophy. Despite European acknowledgment of the purpose of the

    philosophy, it is dubious they were intimidated by it until the United

    States could asseverate itself as a military power.

    The finalists in bracket I are the Mexican-American War and Marbury V

    Madison. In a comparing of the two, the war emerges as the event that had

    the most impact on this clip period in history. Despite the importance of

    Marbury V Madison as a landmark determination set uping the function of the

    Supreme Court to govern on constitutional issues, its impact on the state

    during this clip period was less dramatic than that of the Mexican-American

    War. Although it caused Congress to be cognizant that future statute law would

    be reviewed by tribunal, it would be several old ages before the tribunal would be

    required to govern once more on the constitutionality of a Congressional Act. Not

    until the late 1800 ’ s, when the Supreme Court ruled on certain civil

    rights ’ issues, would the full deductions of the Marbury determination become

    evident. Conversely, the Mexican-American War had a direct impact on many

    people. First, the acquisition of new district in the West allowed

    colonists to spread out beyond the Mississip opening a huge frontier which was

    rich with natural resources. Second, and most of import, the war brought

    the lingering argument over bondage to the head. The slavery inquiry

    would shortly go the issue of the decennary, straight impacting the full

    state. The acquisition of new district stirred emancipationists in the

    North who viewed it as an chance to weaken the stronghold bondage had

    on the state. Southerners realized that the district must be admitted as

    break one’s back if they were traveling to keep their “ peculiar establishment ” and a

    balance of power. As a consequence, the war became a much more important

    event to the huge bulk of Americans than the deductions of Marbury V

    Madison. It would drive provincialism to the breakage point and bend

    Americans against each other.

    The treatment continues with bracket II which covers the clip period

    from 1850-1900 and pairs the figure one seed in the bracket “ Civil War ”

    against the 4th seed “ Sherman Antitrust Act. ” The 2nd seed in the

    bracket “ Plessy v Furgeson ” is paired against the 3rd seed “ Passage of

    the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments ” .

    The Sherman Antitrust Act passed in 1890 outlawed any contract,

    combination, or confederacy in restraint of trade. It besides forbid any

    effort to make a monopoly. The jurisprudence was aimed at battling trusts which

    were being formed in the late 1800 ’ s such as U.S. Steel and Standard Oil.

    It was believed that the formation of these trusts was extinguishing

    competition and go forthing the consumer at the clemency of the big corporations

    which controlled the monetary values of their trade goods. While the act was the

    foremost important piece of statute law aimed at modulating the economic system and

    placing controls over large concern, its diction was obscure, enforcement was

    non really vigorous, and attorneies for the corporations found loopholes in the

    jurisprudence and assorted ways of avoiding its commissariats. However, by the terminal of

    the century, the jurisprudence had been strengthened and it would go an effectual

    tool in “ trust busting ” , returning competition to the market place and

    deriving advantage for the worker and the consumer.

    The Civil War fought between the Northern provinces of the Union and the

    Southern provinces of the Confederacy from 1861-1865 turned out to be the most

    acrimonious battle in the state ’ s history. The war divided Americans, took more

    lives than any other war, and was the ugly event in American history.

    Bondage was the critical issue behind the war, but the economic competition

    between the industrial North and the agricultural South contributed

    significantly to the struggle. The consequences of the war in which the North

    prevailed were many. About one million work forces were killed or wounded,

    destructing about an full coevals. The Union was saved and bondage

    was eliminated. The South was practically destroyed by conflicts which

    ravaged farming areas, places, and full metropoliss. The impact of the war was so

    vast that an full Reconstruction period in American history was devoted

    to the political and economic rebuilding of the South. Finally, the cicatrixs

    of hatred between the North and South would hold a ting consequence. Southerners

    grew bitter in licking, while Northerners continued their ill will toward

    the South.

    In a comparing of these two events, the Civil War clearly had a

    greater influence on the clip period. This decision is based non merely on

    the ruinous and long term deductions of the war, but on the failure

    of the Sherman Antitrust Act to hold any important impact on the

    formation of trusts during this period. The act brought no anti-monopoly

    millenary. The statute law itself left excessively many unreciprocated inquiries,

    including what in fact constituted a monopoly and how the authorities was to

    proceed in interrupting up monopolies. In add-on, the Cleveland and McKinley

    disposals in the 1890 ’ s showed small involvement in implementing the

    statute law. The onslaught against large concern had failed and the oppositions

    of monopolies would hold to wait until following century to regenerate the attempt.

    Conversely, the war had the immediate impact of continuing the Union and

    covering a decease blow to bondage. In add-on, the wake of the war

    would go on to be felt throughout the balance the century. The

    postwar period marked a alteration from a chiefly agricultural society to a

    mechanized society with quickly spread outing engineering. The drift for the

    alteration came chiefly from the necessity to run into wartime demand for weaponries

    and supplies, which led to new engineering. This engineering in the postwar

    period would alter society dramatically. In add-on, the postwar period

    would usher in the Reconstruction Era, which became one of the most complex

    and controversial periods in American history. During this period, the

    state would hold to cover with issues which included whether penalty

    should be imposed on Southern Whites who supported the Confederacy, how to

    warrant the freedom of liberated slaves, and under what conditions

    should Southern provinces be readmitted to the Union. These and other issues

    led to alterations which were small short of radical.

    The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the

    Fundamental law were monumental stairss in deriving civil rights for all

    Americans. The amendments, which were passed between 1865 and 1870, were

    intended to vouch societal equality for all races. The Thirteenth

    Amendment ended bondage in the United States. It prohibited any

    jurisprudence which would strip any individual of life, autonomy, or belongings without

    due procedure of jurisprudence. The Fifteenth Amendment forbade provinces to deny the

    right to vote on history of race. Although these amendments were momentous

    events in vouching civil rights, their consequence during this clip period

    in history would be short lived. Blacks would merely bask equality for a

    few old ages until a series of Supreme Court determinations construing the

    amendments would weaken them to the point that the civil rights of bla were

    once more denied. It would non be until the 1950 ’ s that inkinesss would accomplish

    the rights and freedoms guaranteed by these amendments. Despite this, the

    transition of these amendments was a major measure toward acknowledgment of racial

    equality in America in this clip period and beyond.

    Plessy V Furgeson was the most influential in a series of Supreme Court

    determinations which led to the rapid spread of segregation Torahs in the South.

    After the Civil War and the transition of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and

    Fifteenth Amendments, inkinesss were granted equal rights. However, Supreme

    Court determinations construing the amendments began to restrict the extension of

    these rights to inkinesss. In Plessy, which was decided in 1896, the tribunal

    supported the constitutionality of a Louisiana jurisprudence necessitating separate but

    equal installations for inkinesss in railway autos. The determination helped

    strengthen racial segregation in American until the following century. Many

    provinces would trust on the “ separate but equal ” regulation to segregate public

    schools, the usage of transit and diversion, and kiping and eating


    The comparing of these two events is an interesting 1. The transition

    of the three amendments guaranteed civil rights for inkinesss, while Plessy V

    Furgeson was the most influential determination in all but invalidating the

    impact of the amendments until the 1950 ’ s. As a consequence, it is apparent that

    the Plessy V Furgeson determination had a greater impact on the civil rights of

    Americans during this clip period that did transition of the amendments. While

    the amendments guaranteed inkinesss their most basic civil rights, the tribunal

    determinations on the heels of these amendments efficaciously retracted those

    rights and resulted in much greater societal deductions for inkinesss at the

    clip. While finally the warrants of the amendments to supply

    equality and freedom to all Americans would come to fruition, in this clip

    period, they continued to be denied to inkinesss.

    The finalists in bracket II are the Civil War and Plessy v Furgeson.

    Comparing the impact of the two events, the Civil War emerges winning.

    While the Plessy determination adversely impacted the rights that inkinesss had

    been guaranteed under the Constitution, its effects were restricted

    chiefly to black Americans. The Constitutional rights of the white

    bulk were non affected by the determination and their manner of life was non

    impacted. On the other manus, the deductions of the Civil War and the

    station war period effected all Americans. The consequences of the war were

    ruinous to Northerners and Southerners, black or white, whether

    measured in lives or loss of belongings. Slavery, which was critical to the

    economic system of the South, was eliminated. The Confederate provinces were reunited

    with the North and the Union preserved. The passage from an agricultural,

    rural society to an urban, mechanised society began. Finally, the postwar

    Reconstruction period dramatically changed the societal and nomic construction

    of the state.

    Traveling to bracket III, which covers the clip period from 1900-1940, the

    figure one seed in the bracket “ World War I ” is paired against the 4th

    seed “ The Progressive Movement ” . The 2nd seed in the bracket “ The Great

    Depression ” is paired against the 3rd seed “ The New Deal ” .

    World War I involved the major European states and the United States

    from 1914-1918. The primary causes of the war were powerful feelings of

    patriotism throughout Europe and the formation of protective confederations

    that divided Europe into two chief power groups. The United States remained

    wholly impersonal from 1914-1917. However, continued break of

    trade and travel on the seas by both the Alliess and cardinal powers,

    particularly onslaughts by German pigboats, caused the United States to come in

    the war in 1917. The U.S. engagement in the war helped turn the tide and

    played a major function in the eventual licking of Germany. Despite the fact

    the war was fought in Europe and U.S. casualties and belongings loss were

    far less than that of the Alliess, the war had a important impact

    economically, politically, and socially on the United States. While the

    mobilisation attempt brought great economic prosperity to the state from

    the production of wartime goods, postwar demobilisation ought about

    widespread unemployment, increased labour discord, racial hatred, and poorness.

    Propaganda runs, designed to make support for the war attempt,

    resulted in strong anti-foreign and anti-Communist feelings, which led to

    force and the misdemeanor of civil rights for many Americans. Politically,

    the postwar period saw a renunciation of Progressivism and a return to the

    political doctrine of the late 19th century.

    Progressivism was a political motion in the United States form 1900-

    1917 which attempted to pull support from both political parties for

    economic, political, and societal reform. The motion marked the initial

    acknowledgment that alteration was necessary if all Americans were to bask the

    national promise of equality and chance. The motion was aimed at

    leting all people to bask the wagess of industrialism, bettering metropolis

    life, stoping political corruptness, and beef uping labour Torahs. It was a

    rejection of the individualistic policy of the authorities which seemed to

    support large concern at the disbursal of the worker. Progressivism was one of

    the most of import reform motions in America and had a enormous impact

    on this period in history. Economically, the Progressives were successful

    in deriving ordinance of monopolies through rigorous enforcement of the

    Sherman Antitrust Act, while the infliction of an income revenue enhancement and an extra

    net income ’ s revenue enhancement helped make a more equal vitamin D ribution of wealth. Politically,

    Progressives aimed at reconstructing democracy through the constitution of

    referendum and callback which gave the elector a more active function in the

    personal businesss of authorities. The constitution of metropolis directors and metropolis

    councils helped weaken the control of political foremans and kerb corruptness.

    Socially, the Progressives were successful in bettering the life

    conditions of the metropolis. They were responsible for statute law government

    minimal rewards for workers, restricting the hours in the work twenty-four hours, and

    commanding kid labour.

    However, many of the reforms brought approximately by the Progressive motion

    were reversed by the societal and economic attitudes that grew out of World

    War I and the postwar old ages. Demobilization and the ensuing alteration in

    the economic system led to a revival of individualistic policies. Government,

    which had supported labour during the war, now began to side with large

    concern, and labour discord was once more common. Additions attained by the

    Progressives for workers were reversed by the Supreme Court. Child labour

    was reinstituted and minimal rewards for adult females were declared unconstitutional.

    In add-on, the decrease of the income revenue enhancement, riddance of the surplus

    net incomes ’ revenue enhancement, and an addition in the protective duty one time once more created

    an unequal distribution of wealth. As a consequence of the impact the war had on

    the economic system, society, and the Progressive Movement, it was the more

    influential event of the period.

    The Great Depression was the American economic crisis of the 1930 ’ s. It

    was the longest and most terrible period of unemployment, low concern

    activity, and poorness in American history. It began in October 1929 when

    stock values dropped quickly. This created a twine of bank, mill, and

    shop shuttings go forthing 1000000s of Americans jobless. The depression shortly

    spread to other states. It caused a big lessening in universe trade because

    of additions in duty rates. The depression eventually ended after the

    United States increased the production of war stuffs at the start of

    World War II. The depression impacted political and societal doctrines in

    the United States dramatically. Policies, such as the New Deal extended

    the authorities ’ s authorization to supply for the needy. New American

    attitudes toward concern and authorities took clasp. Before the depression,

    many regarded concern executives and bankers as the state ’ s leaders.

    However, when these leaders could non alleviate Thursday epression, Americans lost

    religion in them. Many people changed their basic attitude toward life

    because of the agony they experienced during the depression. They had

    believed that if they worked difficult, they could supply for their households

    and hold a good life. The depression, nevertheless, shattered that belief. The

    state of affairs was particularly difficult to understand because at that place appeared to the

    mean worker to be no ground for the things that happened.

    The New Deal was the economic policy established by President Roosevelt

    in response to the Great Depression. He believed that the federal

    authorities had the primary duty to contend the depression by

    exciting the economic system. The New Deal had three chief intents. First, it

    provided alleviation for the needy. Second, it aided countrywide recovery by

    set uping occupations and promoting concern, and 3rd, it tried to reform

    concern and authorities so a terrible depression would ne’er go on in the

    United States once more. Some New Deal policies, such as the Civilian

    Conservation Corps ( CCC ) , the Works Progress Administration ( WPA ) , and the

    Public Works Administration ( PWA ) provided occupations in the building of

    Bridgess, dikes, and Parkss. To cover with agribusiness, Roosevelt set up the

    Agricultural Adjustment Administration ( AAA ) , which helped modulate farm

    production and thrust monetary values up. The National Recovery Administration ( NRA )

    set up and enforced regulations of just pattern in concern an ndustry. The New

    Deal relieved much economic hurt and brought about some recovery. In

    making so, it increased the authorities ’ s debt dramatically. Some of the

    consequences of the New Deal were of import and long lasting. Even after the

    depression, reforms such as the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and

    the Social Security Act continued to be. After the New Deal, the

    authorities ’ s function in banking and public assistance would go on to turn steadily.

    Both the Great Depression and plans of the New Deal were

    unprecedented in United States ’ history. The state had ne’er experienced

    a concern downswing that lasted every bit long as the Great Depression with as

    many concern failures and every bit much widespread unemployment. Likewise, the

    New Deal, which was established to alleviate the economic impact of the

    depression was the first clip the authorities asserted itself to supply

    public public assistance during an economic crisis. A comparing of these two events

    must concentrate on which of these unprecedented happenings had a greater

    impact on the American populace. Despite the efforts of the New Deal

    plans to alleviate some of the economic force per unit areas, it was non a remedy for

    the depression. The plans of the New Deal were successful in supplying

    occupations for many Americans and supplying some economic alleviation. However,

    1000000s remained unemployed and ne’er reaped the benefits of the New Deal

    plans. In fact, it would non be until the get downing o orld War II that

    the United States ’ economic system would wholly retrieve. On the other manus,

    there was no section of the population that escaped the economic crisis

    brought approximately by the depression. Lucks were lost, occupations were eliminated,

    and endurance became an issue for most Americans. The Great Depression

    clearly had more of an impact on this period than the New Deal.

    Of the two finalists, World War I and the Great Depression, the war

    stands out as the event that had the greatest impact on the state. The

    depression had enormous economic, political, and societal deductions for

    the period. Millions lost their occupations and were forced into poorness. The

    attitudes of people towards political and concern leaders was everlastingly

    changed. Those leaders, who the populace had admired were now viewed with

    incredulity. Americans, who prior to the depression felt their economic system was

    indestructible, became fearful of their hereafter in an economic system that could

    fluctuate wildly without warning or evident cause. The depression besides

    led to a dramatic alteration in authorities policy. The authorities became far

    more involved in public public assistance than it had been in the yesteryear as

    demonstrated by the New Deal. Policies, such as Welfare and Social

    Security, which are still in pattern today, grew out of this new political

    consciousness. However, the political, societal, and economic lications

    World War I would hold on the state were even more far making.

    Politically, the state turned inward, declining to take part in the

    League of Nations. This left postwar personal businesss in Europe unsettled and would

    finally lead the state into another World War. While the depression

    had an tremendous consequence on the attitudes of Americans, World War I had an

    even greater impact. The full American civilization would see a

    revolution in the postwar jubilation. Americans were filled with optimism

    during the postwar old ages. The growing of advertisement and amusement,

    combined with technological progresss, such as the telecasting and wireless,

    would convey about the outgrowth of a mercenary society. Economically,

    the return to a peace clip economic system and the individualistic policies of the

    late 1800 ’ s, se

    t the phase for economic catastrophe. The reversal of many of

    the additions achieved by workers combined with the decrease of revenue enhancements on the

    rich, created a job in the economic system that would travel unnoticed. In

    add-on, the handiness of recognition led to reckless disbursement which would

    farther endanger the economic system. This unequal distribution of wealth combined

    with a free disbursement attitude weakened the economic system and led to the Great


    The treatment continues with bracket IV, which covers the clip period

    1940-1975 and pairs the figure one seed in the bracket “ The Vietnam War ”

    against 4th seed “ World War II ” . The 2nd seed in the bracket “ The

    Cuban Missile Crisis ” is paired against the 3rd seed “ The Civil Rights

    Act of 1964 ″ .

    The Vietnam War, which began in 1957 and lasted until 1975, was the

    longest war in which the United States took portion. Vietnam was divided into

    Communist ruled North Vietnam and non-Communist South Vietnam. North

    Vietnam and Communist trained South Vietnamese Rebels attempted to take

    over South Vietnam. The United States and the South Vietnamese ground forces tried

    to halt the coup d’etat but failed. U.S. assistance to Vietnam was based on the

    policy of President Truman that the United States must assist any state

    threatened by Communists. Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy adopted the

    policy fearing a “ Domino consequence ” if even one sou’-east Asiatic state fell

    to the Communists. After Kennedy ’ s decease, Johnson came to office in 1963

    with a long standing, house committedness to containment and increased

    America ’ s engagement into a major war. The Vietnam War had several

    periods. From 1857- 1965, it was chiefly a battle between the South

    Vietnamese ground forces and the Communist trained South Vietnamese Rebels. read-only memory

    1965-1969, North Vietnam and the United States did most of the combat. By

    1969, the United States had 540,000 military personnels in Vietnam. The United States ’

    program, as outlined by President Johnson, was to increase the penalty

    until the monetary value of go oning the war became excessively high and the enemy would

    quit. The Vietnamese did non react harmonizing to program. The war appeared

    endless, and eventually a defeated Johnson announced an terminal to escalation of

    the war and a willingness to negociate. In January of 1973, a cease fire

    was arranged and American land military personnels left Vietnam two months subsequently. The

    war shortly started once more without the United States ’ engagement and on April

    30,1975 South Vietnam surrendered.

    The war had far-reaching effects on the United States. About 58,000

    Americans died in the war and 365,000 were wounded. The United States

    spent over $ 150 billion on the war. Of the 2,700,000 work forces and adult females who

    fought in the war, many returned with deep psychological jobs and

    suffered signifier a high rate of divorce, drug maltreatment, self-destruction, and joblessness.

    Many Americans opposed the U.S. function in Vietnam and criticized returning

    veterans, go forthing them with a feeling that the state did non appreciate

    their forfeits. Besides as a consequence of the war, Congress and the pubic

    became more willing to dispute the president on subsequent U.S. military

    and foreign policy issues. The war besides became a criterion for comparing

    in future state of affairss that might affect U.S. military personnels abroad. On the place

    forepart, the war began a societal revolution. New vesture, music, and gender

    functions cast off the societal construction of the 1950 ’ s.

    World War II resulted in more deceases, cost more money, damaged more

    belongings, effected more people, and globally had the most far-reaching

    effects of any war in history. The three chief causes of the war were the

    jobs left unsolved by World War I, the rise of dictators in Europe, and

    the desire of Italy, Germany, and Japan for district. The policy of

    isolationism was broken in the United States when the Nipponese bombed Pearl

    Harbor, dragging America into the war. The war was fought on two foreparts,

    Europe and the Pacific. The Alliess, which included the United States,

    England, France, and Russia were successful in get the better ofing the axis powers

    which included Italy, Germany, and Japan. World War II played a major function

    in United States ’ history. From an economic position, it brought the

    United States out of the depression of the 1930 ’ s. The authorities

    converted industries from civilian to war production to bring forth strategic

    war stuffs and instituted rationing and monetary value cont s to back up the war

    attempt. Socially, the war played a major portion in altering the function of

    adult females in America. As work forces went off to contend, the adult females assumed many of the

    functions antecedently filled by work forces in the war workss. Politically, the war led

    to the United States ’ engagement in the freshly formed United Nations,

    organized to supervise international personal businesss. The major impact of the war,

    nevertheless, resulted from the United States ’ determination to use the atomic

    bomb. The two atomic bombs dropped on Japan in 1945 were the major factors

    lending to Japan ’ s resignation. The bomb represented a immense scientific

    progress in modern warfare. It opened up the possibility for huge

    devastation of human life. The United States ’ determination to utilize the bomb

    precipitated a postwar race to bring forth atomic arms in many states,

    particularly the Soviet Union and eliminated the chance of making an

    international understanding to command production and proving of such arms

    for many old ages.

    The significance of World War II in United States ’ history can non be

    overstated. World War II had a greater economic impact on the United

    States than any other war of the 20th century. Despite Roosevelt ’ s

    attempts to stop the depression with the New Deal policies, it was non until

    World War II and transition to a wartime economic system that the United States

    emerged signifier its long economic downswing. World War II was besides responsible

    for the outgrowth of atomic arms which everlastingly changed the construct of

    conventional warfare, led to an weaponries race, and indirectly contributed to

    the Cold War. It was the first presentation of the capableness for

    devastation that atomic arms possessed. Internationally, the Soviet

    Union emerged with one of the mightiest ground forcess in the universe, replacing the

    axis forces as the hereafter menace to universe peace. Tensions between the

    United States and Russia, sparked by Russia ’ s try to command eastern

    European states after the war, led to the Cold War. postwar period besides

    saw the formation of the United Nations. Contrary to the place taken

    after World War I, the United States joined with the Alliess to make the

    United Nations, an international organisation created to keep peace and

    trade with agricultural, pecuniary, wellness, and other affairs. However, in

    many respects World War II was non a alone war from the United States ’

    position. In fact, the causes of the war were to a big extent a

    consequence of the unfinished concern of World War I. Further, as was the instance

    with World War I, the United States was winning in a comparatively short

    war and the postwar temper of Americans was cheerful and optimistic.

    The Vietnam War, on the other manus, was the most alone war in American

    history and had more of an impact on U.S. history of the period than did

    World War II. Vietnam was the lone unsuccessful war in United States ’

    history. The geographics and the manner of war put the United States at a

    disadvantage and made it an impossible war to win. As a consequence, unlike

    old wars, it seemed to drag on with no evident advancement. The deficiency of

    success, combined with a general feeling that the U.S. security was non at

    hazard, divided the state into those who supported the battle against

    Communism and those who opposed the war. This was contrary to the attitude

    toward old wars, which were strongly supported by Americans. The

    division over the war initiated a political and societal revolution.

    Americans became willing to openly knock the authorities and elected

    functionaries. Public protests were staged, naming for an terminal to U. S.

    engagement. This public call against the authorities ’ s po ion finally

    led to President Johnson ’ s determination non to seek reelection. The cultural

    alterations which took topographic point as a consequence of the Vietnam War were unprecedented.

    The pride of many Americans who supported the war was hurt by the licking,

    and they were left acrimonious and with painful memories. Other Americans would

    follow new manners of frock and music as a presentation of their resistance

    to the war and the authorities. The alterations in the United States brought

    approximately by the war ended the societal and cultural traditions of the pre-

    Vietnam epoch and set the phase for the current societal and political


    The Cuban Missile Crisis ranks as one of the most important events of

    the Cold War period. For several yearss, the United States appeared to be

    on the brink of a atomic war with the Soviet Union. In 1962, Cuba was

    convinced that the United States was be aftering an onslaught and asked the

    Soviets for extra military assistance. The Soviet Union responded with

    missiles and stuffs for building of launch sites. The United States

    Intelligence Agency advised President Kennedy of this atomic missile

    build-up in Cuba. The president demanded that Khrushchev take the

    missiles instantly, which Kennedy viewed as a misdemeanor of the American

    sphere of influence. On October 22nd, Kennedy announced his class of

    action which included set uping a naval encirclement to forestall farther

    cargo of supplies, a demand that the bases be dismantled, and a warning

    that any onslaught from Cuba would be regarded as an onslaught by the Soviet

    Union, necessitating revenge from the United States. The con Nutmeg State rose in

    suspense until eventually the Soviet ships were directed non to dispute the

    encirclement and turn back. In a missive to Kennedy, Khrushchev expressed his

    concern over the horrors of atomic war and agreed to take the missiles

    if the United States would stop the naval encirclement and agree non to occupy

    Cuba. The United States accepted these footings and the crisis, which had the

    universe on the threshold of atomic war, was over. The Cold War would non hold

    another event in which tensenesss on both sides were so high.

    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was one of the strongest and most

    of import pieces of statute law in support of civil rights in the United

    States. The jurisprudence banned favoritism because of a individual ’ s colour, race,

    national beginning, faith, or sex. The rights protected by the act are

    freedom to seek employment, ballot and usage Parkss, eating houses, and other

    topographic points. The act besides forbid favoritism by any plan that received

    financess from the authorities. In add-on, the act authorized the Office of

    Education to direct school integration in countries specified by the

    authorities. The act was proposed in 1963 by President Kennedy. After his

    decease, it was supported by President Johnson and passed after a drawn-out

    argument in the Senate. The act reinforced the rights guaranteed by the

    Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments and reversed the Supreme

    Court determinations of the late 1800 ’ s which limited these rights and plagued

    minorities for a century.

    In a comparing of these two events, the Cuban Missile Crisis emerges

    as the event which had the most impact on the period. In making this

    decision, nevertheless, the importance of the Civil Rights Act can non be

    ignored. In many ways the act concluded unfinished concern of the Civil

    War and Reconstruction Period in specifying civil rights for all Americans.

    Previous Supreme Court determinations, such as Plessy v Furgeson, had attempted

    to deny many Americans the full step of rights that had been guaranteed

    by the Constitution. The act was the defining statement on civil rights in

    the United States, change by reversaling old Supreme Court instances and supplying

    equal rights for all Americans. Despite its significance in supplying

    equal chance to all Americans, its impact chiefly effected black

    Americans, who had been the topic of continued favoritism. As a

    consequence, it can non be considered to hold had as cosmopolitan an impact on the

    American populace as the Missile Crisis. The Cuban ssile Crisis brought

    tensenesss in the Cold War to the breakage point. The concern of all

    Americans about the menace of atomic war seemed to be happening with

    this crisis. The state was frozen in expectancy of the result.

    Finally, the via media reached between Russia and the United States to stop

    the crisis non merely relieved the immediate concern of a atomic war, but

    marked a turning point in the Cold War. Both sides, faced with the world

    of atomic devastation, realized the demand to avoid a struggle. Although

    tensenesss would stay high on both sides for old ages to come, understandings were

    reached to restrict the production and testing of atomic arms, and the

    menace of a atomic war began to worsen.

    The finalists in Bracket IV are the Vietnam War and the Cuban Missile

    Crisis. They represent two of the most controversial events of the clip

    period. In sing the lasting effects the Vietnam War would hold on

    the United States, it emerges as the major event of the clip period.

    The Cold War with the Soviet Union was the ascendant international

    issue during the first 25 old ages of this clip period. The Cuban

    Missile Crisis was the closest the United States came to come ining a atomic

    war with the Soviet Union during the Cold War period. It represented the

    specifying minute of the Cold War when anti-Communist tenseness would about

    make the breakage point. The universe stood on border during the crisis. The

    destructive capableness of atomic arms could hold resulted in one of the

    most black events in history. However, as a consequence of the acknowledgment

    by both major powers of the potency for catastrophe, the crisis was defused

    through dialogues instead than confrontation. The crisis represented the

    beginning of the terminal of the Cold War. The major universe powers would get down

    dialogues, restricting the development, production, and proving of atomic


    While the Cuban Missile Crisis had important international

    deductions, the Vietnam War had a greater impact on America society and

    civilization. It was the first foreign war in which U.S. forces would neglect to

    achieve triumph, go forthing Americans angry and disillusioned. It appeared to

    be a war without a defined cause, other than the vague premiss of

    incorporating Communism in an undistinguished portion of the universe. The attitudes

    in America, which resulted from the war, led to dramatic alterations in

    American society and political relations, doing it the most important event of the

    period. Besides the decease, hurt, and psychological jobs of those who

    fought the war, many other Americans were deeply effected by the war.

    They became progressively critical of the authorities ’ s motive for

    affecting the state in the war and began to take a more active function in

    knocking foreign policy. This rebellion would widen itself into

    American civilization. Those who opposed the war and American invol ent besides

    rejected much of America ’ s civilization and tradition for undisputed support

    of the authorities. As a consequence, much of the American tradition for

    undisputed nationalism and trueness that existed before the war would be

    drastically changed, go forthing a permanent consequence on American history.

    The competition has been reduced to the finalist from each of the four

    brackets. In the semifinals, stand foring bracket I is the “ Mexican-

    American War ” , which is paired against the finalist from bracket II the

    “ Civil War ” . The other semifinal coupling matches the victor of bracket III

    “ World War I ” against the victor of bracket IV the “ Vietnam War ” .

    In the first semifinal matchup, the Civil War emerges as the event

    that non merely had the most important impact on the clip period in which

    it occurred, but besides on the hereafter of the United States. Both the Civil

    War and the Mexican-American War had important economic, political, and

    societal deductions. However, an scrutiny of the impact each had in

    these countries clearly establishes the Civil War as the landmark event of the

    clip period that brought closing to many of the issues precipitated by the

    Mexican-American War. Politically, the Mexican-American War widened the

    division between Democrats and Republicans over the slavery issue. Although

    several efforts at via media were made, none were successful. This

    political division left the state on the threshold of disintegration with no

    evident solution to the issue. The Civil War, on the other manus,

    preserved the Union by settling the bondage issue one time and for all and

    readmitting the provinces that had succeeded from the Uni The war besides

    established the Republican Party as the dominant political power in the

    United States for the following several decennaries. The influence of the Democrats

    instantly after the war was weakened to the point that politically the

    state appeared to hold a one party system. Economically, the Mexican-

    American War extended the boundaries of the United States to the Pacific,

    deriving districts which were rich in natural resources. This extension

    of the boundaries would let colony beyond the Mississippi, addition

    agricultural production, and play a major function in American economic growing.

    The impact of the Civil War on the U.S. economic system was even more dramatic.

    The war devastated the economic system of the South. Not merely were agricultural

    resources of the part destroyed, but slave labour, on which the economic system

    was based, was eliminated. The Civil War besides marked the transmutation of

    the U.S. from what had been chiefly an agricultural society into an industrial

    society. This displacement in the economic system resulted from quickly altering

    engineering which came as a direct response to wartime demands. The outgrowth

    of the U.S. as an industrial society besides resulted in the North replacement

    the South as the economic centre of the state. Socially, the Mexican-

    American War heightened the argument over the issue of bondage. on which the

    societal construction of the South was based. Northern Abolitionists seized the

    chance to dispute admittance of the new districts as slave provinces

    and interrupt the balance of free and break one’s back provinces in Congress. Southerners

    realized that as bondage grew more unpopular in the North, its endurance

    depended on its enlargement into new districts. None of the via medias

    offered after the Mexican-American War would take to declaration of the

    issue. The Civil War, nevertheless, provided a lasting solution to the issue.

    As a consequence of the Emancipation Proclamation and transition of the Thirteenth,

    Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments, bondage was eliminated and t he

    United States began the procedure of guaranting civil rights for all Americans

    and coercing a complete reordering of the South ’ s societal construction.

    In the 2nd semifinal coupling, World War I emerges as the event that

    had the most important impact on the United States. Both World War I and

    the Vietnam War ended without deciding many issues that precipitated the

    struggles. In the instance of World War I, although the Alliess were winning,

    the United States ’ refusal to take part in the Treaty of Versailles and

    the League of Nations left unsettled many issues that would finally take

    to another World War. These events signaled the terminal of Wilsonian idealism

    and began a reactionist period in the U.S. that would trip important

    economic, political, and societal alteration. With regard to the Vietnam War,

    the inability of the U.S. forces to weaken the North Vietnamese resistance,

    combined with the authorities ’ s inability to keep popular support for

    the war, led to the eventual backdown of American military personnels without triumph.

    The popular call against this war, combined with the failure of the

    attempt to achieve any touchable R lts, brought about another ultraconservative

    period. In my sentiment, nevertheless, the impact of events of the station Vietnam

    War period were less important and far making than those that followed

    World War I.

    The station World War I period in the U.S. resulted in a rejection of the

    idealistic doctrine of President Wilson. The resistance to Wilson ’ s

    policies and the political relations of the period prevented the United States from

    take parting in the pact to settle the war. They besides prevented U.S.

    engagement in the League of Nations, an organisation whose intent was

    to forestall farther struggles. As a consequence, many issues of import to a

    enduring peace were left unaddressed and this would finally take to World

    War II. The period besides marked the terminal of the Progressive doctrine of

    the prewar period. America ’ s postwar optimism led to a revival of

    individualistic economic policies and a return to the political doctrine of

    the 19th century. This alteration in economic policy and political

    doctrine began to put the phase for the Great Depression. American

    society became really mercenary. The handiness of recognition led to liberate

    disbursement. Many of the advantages gained by workers 500 ng the Progressive

    epoch were reversed, while revenue enhancements on the rich were reduced. This combination

    of events would ensue in the unequal distribution of wealth which would

    trip the depression. Socially, the postwar period witnessed wide-scale

    favoritism. The propaganda runs of the war had resulted in strong

    anti-foreign, anti-Communist feelings. Immigrants were frequently falsely

    accused of being Communists, Socialists, or groups, cabaling against

    the United States. Members of labour brotherhoods were frequently targeted as being

    anti-American. This clime often led to force and the misdemeanor

    of the civil rights of many Americans.

    The Vietnam War and postwar period besides resulted in a period of

    important societal and political alteration. The division in the state

    between those who supported the war and those who opposed it led to a

    political and societal revolution. Americans began, as ne’er in the yesteryear, to

    inquiry and publically protest determinations made by the authorities and elected

    functionaries. Congress and the populace challenged the president on U.S.

    military and foreign policy issues. The war became a criterion for

    comparing in future state of affairss that might affect U.S. military personnels abroad. The

    American civilization and tradition for unquestioning support of the authorities

    ended and the perceptual experience of what constituted nationalism and trueness changed

    dramatically. However, none of these alterations led to a major economic

    downswing, precipitated a war, or denied the civil rights of Americans as

    did the events following World War I.

    The two finalists in the competition are from bracket II, the “ Civil

    War ” , and from bracket III, “ World War I ” . Despite the important

    deductions of World War I and the fact that the Civil War occurred over

    one hundred old ages ago, the Civil War remains as the most of import event in

    American history. Unlike the Civil War, World War I was non fought on U.S.

    dirt, the destiny of the Union was non in hazard, and the political,

    economic, and societal deductions were non about every bit important or long

    lasting as those of the Civil War.

    From a political position, an scrutiny of World War I reveals two

    major consequences. First, after the failure to negociate a station war pact

    acceptable to the U. S. Congress followed by the United States ’ refusal to

    participate in the League of Nations, the U.S. entered a period of

    isolationism. Affairs in Europe remained unsettled. The deficiency of

    engagement by the United States in the colony of the postwar issues

    contributed to the causes of World War II. Besides, the failure of Wilson ’ s

    political theory of idealism would ensue in a return to the laissez-faire

    political doctrine of the late 1800 ’ s and the reversal of many of the

    positive accomplishments of the Progressive Era. The political consequences of the

    Civil War, nevertheless, were more important. The saving of the Union,

    the most important political consequence of the Civil War, was besides one of

    the most important events in the history of the United States. Had the

    Southern provinces been allowed to win from the Un, the history of the

    United States, as we know it today, would non be. In add-on, the

    outgrowth of the Republicans as the dominant party for about the following 1

    hundred old ages had a major influence on the economic and societal doctrine

    of the state. It was non until Roosevelt and the New Deal that the

    individualistic policies of the Republicans would be repudiated.

    World War I had a important impact on the economic system. During the

    mobilisation period, the transition to a wartime economic system resulted in

    increased employment. However, at the terminal of the war, the failure of the

    authorities to modulate the demobilisation period resulted in high

    unemployment and rising prices. This combined with the fact that labour lost

    many grants won during the Progressive Era, such as the rights of

    labour brotherhoods to strike, resulted in worse conditions for workers than in

    the prewar epoch. At the same clip, recognition became readily available and

    economic guess was rampant. The cumulative consequence of these

    conditions would take to an unequal distribution of wealth and set the

    phase for the Great Depression. The economic deductions of the Civil War

    and postwar period, nevertheless, contributed to a extremist alteration in the overall

    economic construction of the United States. The Southern economic system, based on

    bondage and agribusiness, was destroyed by the Civil War. The eliminatio degree Fahrenheit

    bondage, combined with betterments in engineering to run into wartime demands,

    changed the United States ’ economic system from what had antecedently been agricultural

    based to an industrial, mercantile economic system. Coinciding with this economic

    displacement, the North would derive laterality over the South as the economic centre

    of the state. For old ages after the Civil War, the South would fight to

    reconstruct its economic system and get down the slow procedure of industrialisation.

    Finally, from a societal position, the consequence of World War I was

    marked by favoritism towards inkinesss and immigrants. Americans became

    distrustful of aliens as a consequence of propaganda runs designed to

    addition support for the war. Blacks, who relocated to the North to make full occupations

    of enlisted work forces, were blamed for the jobs of unemployment during the

    demobilisation period. Many Americans who were guiltless of any incorrect making

    were accused of being anti-American or Communist sympathisers. The civil

    rights of many of these people were frequently violated. The societal

    deductions of the Civil War, nevertheless, are the most of import in the

    history of the United States. The war provided the foundation for the

    Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments, which guaranteed civil

    rights to all Americans. While inkinesss would go on to be discriminated

    against, the terminal of bondage and transition of the amendments was the first

    acknowledgment of equality for all Americans.

    In decision, each of the 16 events discussed has had a

    important impact on American history. Each event has played a function in

    determining the political, economic, and societal construction of the United States.

    Not merely were these events important to the clip period in which they

    occured, but they besides had a permanent consequence on the hereafter of the state.

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