Get help now

Swadeshi Movement in Indian Idependence Movement and Nationalism

  • Pages 3
  • Words 508
  • Views 439
  • dovnload

    Download

    Cite

  • Pages 3
  • Words 508
  • Views 439
  • Academic anxiety?

    Get original paper in 3 hours and nail the task

    Get your paper price

    124 experts online

    The Swadeshi movement, part of the Indian independence movement and the developing Indian nationalism, was an economic strategy aimed at removing the British Empire from power and improving economic conditions in India by following the principles of swadeshi (self-sufficiency; Hindi: ??????? svadesi), which had some success. Strategies of the Swadeshi movement involved boycotting British products and the revival of domestic products and production processes. The Swadeshi Movement started with the partition of Bengal by the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon, 1905 and continued up to 1908.

    It was the most successful of the pre-Gandhian movements. Its chief architects were Aurobindo Ghosh, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai. Swadeshi, as a strategy, was a key focus of Mahatma Gandhi, who described it as the soul of Swaraj (self rule). Gandhi, at the time of the actual movement, remained loyal to the British Crown. History During 1900, Bengal had become the nerve centre for Indian nationalism. To weaken it, Lord Curzon (1899–1905) the Viceroy of India, proposed partition of Bengal.

    The official reason was stated as administrative convenience due to the size of Bengal. But partition itself was based on a religious and political agenda. Bengal was to be divided into two regions i. e. East Bengal and Assam out of the rest of Bengal. Thus to reduce the nationalist movement in Bengal and thereby in the entire country, Bengal partition was to take place on 16 October 1905. H. H. Riseley, home secretary to the government of India, stated on 6 December 1904: “Bengal united is a power; Bengal divided will pull in several different ways.

    That is what congress leaders feel; their apprehensions are perfectly correct and they form one of the great merits of the scheme… in this scheme… one of our main objects is to split up and thereby weaken a solid body of opponents to our rule”. So the British tried to curb Bengali influence on nationalist movement and also introduced a new form of division based on religion to create challenges for the Indian National Congress, which was slowly becoming the main opponent to British rule.

    But the Indian nationalists saw the design behind partition and condemned it unanimously, starting the anti-partition and the Swadeshi movements. The Swadeshi movement was also known as vandemataram movement in deltaic Andhra Pradesh. Swadeshi movement The proposal of partition of Bengal became publicly known in 1903, followed by immediate and spontaneous protests all over Bengal. 500 meetings were held in East Bengal alone. 50,000 copies of a pamphlet with a detailed critique of partition were distributed.

    This phase is marked by moderate techniques of protest such as petitions, public meetings, press campaign, etc. to turn public opinion in India as well as in Britain against partition. This movement also involved the boycott of the British products. The western clothes were thrown in bonfires and it was an act of honour to wear the local Indian clothes. The British products were also boycotted in the markets and the sales of the British fell dramatically. The movement was strongly influenced by the writings of Sri Aurobindo Ghosh.

    This essay was written by a fellow student. You may use it as a guide or sample for writing your own paper, but remember to cite it correctly. Don’t submit it as your own as it will be considered plagiarism.

    Need a custom essay sample written specially to meet your requirements?

    Choose skilled expert on your subject and get original paper with free plagiarism report

    Order custom paper Without paying upfront

    Swadeshi Movement in Indian Idependence Movement and Nationalism. (2016, Dec 25). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/swadeshi-movement-in-indian-idependence-movement-and-nationalism/

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Feel free to contact us anytime, we are always ready to help you!

    Is Swadeshi movement a nationalist movement?
    The Swadeshi movement was a self-sufficiency movement that was part of the Indian independence movement and contributed to the development of Indian nationalism.
    What do you mean by Swadeshi movement?
    : a movement for national independence in India boycotting foreign goods and encouraging the use of domestic products — compare khaddar, swaraj.
    What is the main cause of Swadeshi movement?
    Major cause of Swadeshi movement can be attributed to the partition of Bengal in 1905 which was seen by the Indian nationalist as a divisionary tactics of Britishers to weaken the Bengali (Bhadralok) intelligentsia class which was seen as a cradle of Indian resistance.
    What was the Swadeshi movement describe its impact on the national movement?
    It led to building of self-reliance or Atma Shakti asserting on national dignity, honor and confidence. The Swadeshi movement led the people to learn to challenge and disobey the British government explicitly without fearing the atrocities of the police and imprisonment.

    Hi, my name is Amy 👋

    In case you can't find a relevant example, our professional writers are ready to help you write a unique paper. Just talk to our smart assistant Amy and she'll connect you with the best match.

    Get help with your paper
    We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy