There are two different forms in English to express future in the Simple Future: ‘ be going to’ and ‘will ‘.
‘Will’ is used to express promises and things we decide to do in the moment of speaking, ‘going to’ is used to express our plans. Both of those forms can be used to express our predictions. Here goes a list to make it more readable.
- Promises (Use 1)
- Unplanned actions (Use 2)
- Predictions (Use 3) Use (Going to): Planned actions (Use 4) – like in the Present Continuous Prediction (Use 3)
- The difference between them may sometimes seem not very clear but once you have read a few English books, you won’t have any problems with this tense. Sometimes you may encounter the form ‘gonna’, which is an abbreviation of ‘going to’. ‘Gonna’ is rather informal so be careful while using it! You will regret it (Use 2).
- When I’m 60 years old, I will have a long beard (Use 2).
- I will go to Mary (Use 1) (the speaker decided to go to Mary in the moment of speaking. )
- Will he be angry when he sees me? (Use 2).
- What do you think – will Mark arrive at 10 or 9? (Use 4) I won’t take any equipment with me (Use 1).
- You know what? I won’t be able to help you with your English today (Use 2) (The speaker didn’t know you woudn’t be able to help his or her friend with English – that’s why it’s ‘Use 2’.)
- This team is definitely going to win the competition. (Use 3).
- I’m going to visit my grandma next week (Use 4).
Is The Government is not going to lower the taxes (Use 4 or Use 3). He going to apologise to Mary for his behavior? (Use 4).
We use the Future Continous to indicate that we will be in the middle of doing something in a specified time in the future. Use: Incomplete actions in the future.
Tomorrow at nine I will be hosing off (=washing with a hose) my car. I am going to (=will) be watching TV when my mother arrives. Tomorrow at this time, I will be getting bored at school! Will she be cooking when we knock at the door? Will Mark be playing football at 6 p. m? We won’t be having supper tomorrow before 8 o’clock.
We use this tense to express an action that will be finished before some point in the future.
Actions that will be finished before some point in the future.
Common time expressions used in the Future Perfect
- Before. By tomorrow/7 o’clock/next month.
- Until/till They will have graduated from from Cambridge by July 2009. I will They won’t (will + not) have graduated from from Cambridge by July 2009.
I won’t have retired by the end of the year. I’ll have retired by the end of the year. Will they have graduated from from Cambridge by July 2009? Will I have retired by the end of the year?
Future Tense Examples
It is always better to understand the grammar rules by exploring the examples. You can examine how the theory is used in day-to-day life and stop being confused.
If you need more detailed examples for each of the tenses, we offer you to study the following sentences. Future simple is more often used as any other future tense. We can use “will” to promise: “I’ll pick you up after work tomorrow.” We also use it for the recently made decisions: “It is starting to be cold inside, I’ll close the window.
”We use “be going to” for expressing our planes and making predictions: “The sky is dark, and the wind is cold – it is going to rain.” “I am going to visit my mother at the weekend, and we are going to continue decorating her house.” Future continuous expresses the duration of the process in the future. “This time next week I will be walking at the beach with my love, and we will be listening to the relaxing sound of the ocean waves.”
“At 11 o’clock the day after tomorrow, we will be sitting in the luxury hall and watching the perfect show made by our producers.”“ Tomorrow at 6 I will be meeting for a cup of coffee with a friend I haven’t seen for ages.” “This time next year we will be studying one of the most interesting subjects.” Future perfect is used for the activities that will be done until the specific time.
“By the time I go on holiday, I will have done 25 completed projects on psychological topics.” “By tomorrow, Liza will have baked about 100 cupcakes for the open air party. ”“The students will have passed their thesis by 5 o’clock”. “By next month you will have done 10 points from your year list to do”.