The Last Supper| February 8 2010 | [Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. ]| Author: Alicia Grover| The Last Supper After the Black Death swept through Europe, killing off a third of its population by the end of the fourteenth century, people were ready for a change. Very slowly new ideas and beliefs concerning the purpose of life began to spread from Florence Italy.
During the Renaissance, there was an explosion of new ideas, philosophies, and art work of the new era. These new ideas had a new effect on these artwork, literature, and ways of thoughts. Leonardo Da Vinci played a major role on his new ideas and paintings during the Renaissance Period. In this paper I will be analyzing “The Last Supper,” by Leonardo Da Vinci. The Renaissance is defined as “The humanistic revival of classical art, architecture, literature, and learning that originated in Italy in the 14th century and later spread throughout Europe.
(Conservapedia, 2009)The Renaissance movement lasted roughly from the 14th to 17th centuries. Beginning in Italy, this important art movement spread quickly throughout all of Western Europe. (Conservapedia, 2009) Historians believe that the humanist mentality stood at a point midway between medieval supernaturalism and the modern scientific and critical attitude. Medievalists see humanism as the terminal product of the “Middle Ages. ” (Grendler, 2006) Humanism is considered a philosophy, not a religion. Humanism began as the conservative drift away from medieval Christianity and ended in bold independence of the medieval tradition.
Humanism was based on the belief that life on Earth had a point of its own; a person did not have to live miserably on the path to heaven. (Grendler, 2006)Humanists believe that life was full of beauty, waiting to be enjoyed. The humanists used a positive outlook, and focused on the individual self. It is not what you are born into, it is how you work and accomplish your life that is how your life is defined. (Grendler, 2006)A very important humanist from the Renaissance is Leonardo Da Vinci. Leonardo Da Vinci was the son of a 25 year old notary named Ser Piero and a peasant girl named Caterina.
He was born just outside of Florence France in 1452. As Da Vinci grew up he became an apprentice for the famous Andrea Del Verrochio. After abandoning the first apprenticship in Florence, he learned many new forms of painting and sculpting by the Duke of Milan. Leonoardo Da Vinci is best known for his beautiful paintings including the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. He was not only an Italian painter, but he also was a sculptor, inventor, architect, and mathematician among other things. DaVinci also designed the calculator and the helicopter. The Last Supper was painted by Leonardo Da Vinci in 1495.
The Last Supper shows the itelligence and artistic side of him. The painting is simple in style compared to the other painting of this era. Da Vinci’s mural painting, “The Last Supper,” was painted in Milan. (Art E. o. ) The painting is now hung in the dining hall at Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan. The painting shows the dramatic movement and depiction of light and shade. The painting was painted on a dry wall rather then on wet plaster. Leonardo sealed the stone with a layer of pitch, gesso, and mastic. He then painted over it with tempera paint. (Art E. o. )As a result of painting with tempera paint, the painting needed to be restored.
In 1977, Milan Commission of Artistic and Historical Heritage requested Pinin Brambilla Barcilon to restore the painting. (Art, 2004) He created the painting for his patron Duke Ludovivo Sforza and his duchess Beatrice d’Este. The painting represents the scene from The Last Supper from the final days of Jesus. Leonardo spent much of his life trying to create realistic paintings, in contrast to the previous styles of religious art. Many tried to make codes out of the Last Supper. They tried flipping it, looking at it backwards, and even putting the backwards and the originals together.
In fact, the book The Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown was written to keep us thinking about all the intelligent codes Da Vinci used in his paintings. We know that the painting is based off the bible verses of the Lords Supper in the book of Mathew of the bible. “Now when the even was come, he sat down with the twelve. And as they did eat, he said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me. And they were exceeding sorrowful, and began every one of them to say unto him, Lord, is it I? And he answered and said, “He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray me. -Matthew 26” (Bible)The painting illustrated the last supper with the lord and his twelve disciples. Da Vinci created an image in his mind about how he pictured The Lords Supper would be. For an example, he faced all the people to be facing the room. He did that instead of everyone sitting around the table, so we would be able to see everyones face. In the painting it appears as there is a woman. He did not make her an obvious woman; he just put in hints to make her appear as a woman. That woman could possibly be Mary at The Lords Supper. Also, he had Judas holding a bag of silver. In the actual bible story, Judas was not paid yet.
It was not a factual item it was just a hint about who Judas was. In the painting there is a knife coming out of Judas’ back. Later in the story, Peter uses the knife to defend Jesus. (Bible) Leonardo was not making a painting of the actual story; he was just painting on how he felt it should be. The Renaissance effected art in several different ways. In painting such as “The Last Supper,” a reintroduction of Greek and Roman art forms and styles were starting to be used. (Art E. o. ) The artists used more self portraits or of other still life paintings due to there were more humanists during this era, and the realism of the face and figures.
In the Northern Renaissance most artists started using oil paints. The oil paints produced richer color and lasted a longer period of time. (Art E. o. )Before the Renaissance, painters and sculptors had been considered skilled workers. After the Renaissance, they were rewarded with a new title. These artists were considered an interior decorator. The art of this period is a lasting record of one of the most innovative and pivotal eras in Western history, bridging the inertia of the Middle Ages to reach back into the vitality of Classical civilization, and propelling artistic progress into the future.
Art that came from the era of the Renaissance period is widely regarded as being some of the most influential work ever created in one of the most productive eras in art history. The creations of these masters were not limited to painting, but rather spread across all forms of art including sculpture and architecture. Da Vinci and thosands of other scholars and artists, began to explore the natural world around them and through these new art experiments and philosophies of life; the artistic culture of the entire West was changed forever.
Bibliography 1. ) THE OTSUKA MUSEUM OF ART, . (2004). The Meaning of leonardo’s ‘last supper’ pre- and post-restoration display. Retrieved from http://www. o-museum. or. jp/english/information/column01. html 2. ) The Renaissance. (2009, May 4). Conservapedia, . Retrieved 05:59, February 15, 2010 from http://www. conservapedia. com/index. php? title=The_Renaissance;oldid=659947. 3. ) Guisepi, R. A. (n. d. ). The Renaissance beginning and progress of the enaissance. Retrieved from http://history-world. org/renaissance. htm 4. Renaissance Art. Encylopedia of irish and world art. Retrieved (2010, February 12) from http://www. visual-arts-cork. com/renaissance-art. htm#art 5. ) The Bible. (n. d. ). . Retrieved from http://bibleresources. bible. com/passagesearchresults. php? passage1=Mathew+26;passage2=;passage3=;passage4=;passage5=;version1=9;version2=0;version3=0;version4=0;version5=0;Submit. x=25;Submit. y=13 6. ) Grendler, P. F. (2006). European renaissance in american life . Westport: Conn Greenwood Publishing Group.
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