We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

See Pricing

What's Your Topic?

Hire a Professional Writer Now

The input space is limited by 250 symbols

What's Your Deadline?

Choose 3 Hours or More.
Back
2/4 steps

How Many Pages?

Back
3/4 steps

Sign Up and See Pricing

"You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy"
Back
Get Offer

The Non Sequitur of the “Dependence Effect”

Hire a Professional Writer Now

The input space is limited by 250 symbols

Deadline:2 days left
"You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy"
Write my paper

1. Introduction: The problem or issue the author addresses is who should control the means of production – the private or the public. 2. Summary of the article/argument. von Hayek counters Galbraith’s The Dependence Effect by pointing out that the crux of the argument relies on a flaw that ultimately leads a faulty conclusion. While agreeing that many of our wants are created by production, von Hayek illustrates that society’s “highest” desires, including art, literature and education, are instilled in us by there very creation.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
The Non Sequitur of the “Dependence Effect”
Just from $13,9/Page
Get custom paper

Were it not that, say, the works of scholars, artists and writers ever created then there would be no desire for the Mona Lisa, Romeo & Juliet and Plato’s The Republic. 3. The author’s conclusion is… von Hayek cheerfully disassembles Galbraith’s argument by showing there is no direct link between the source of wants and their relative importance. Galbraith would have us believe that the desire for these are not important, simply because “production creates the wants it seeks to satisfy.

von Hayek disagrees that only the intrinsic wants of food, shelter and sex are important, showing that, while producers and advertisers can influence our wants, the product cannot determine want as Galbraith implies. 4. My view of the author’s conclusion is… von Hayek’s defense of the free market is sound, but, fortunately for me, an attack on the logic rather than the ethics of the argument. While von Hayek identifies Galbraith’s fallacy and defends the attack on liberty and the market, he ignores the core moral argument and misses an opportunity to dispatch of The Dependence Effect on its own grounds. . In the course of your summary, make any appropriate association with ethical theories or scholars we have read already. Producers, via advertising, create these non-original desires. When their motivation is profit the producers are not interested in the lives of the consumer – they only wish to influence the consumer in order to line their own pockets. If Galbraith is right, then, it means that, because producers manufacture these wants, companies that supply the satisfaction to the artificial want doing so in order to manipulate people.

Clearly, in such a case, people are being treated as means to corporate profits, rather than ends. Galbraith uses this claim of moral wrong to justify redress. Galbraith’s solution is equalized re-distribution, where by the means of production are controlled by the state. The only way to prevent this injustice, he claims, is to let the state decide how wants are fulfilled. This will prevent the moral wrong committed by the producers who are creating demand in order to generate profit.

It is, however, inconsistent for Galbraith to reach this conclusion. Galbraith would have us take from the collective, by force if necessary, in order to prevent the manipulation of individuals. In other words, to prevent people from being treated as ends the solution is to treat people as ends. The Inconsistency of the “Dependence Effect” In The Non Sequitur of the “Dependence Effect” von Hayek critiques Galbraith’s argument (in The Dependence Effect) that the means of production must be controlled by the state.

Galbraith, a socialist, argues that consumer demands are manufactured – by the very companies that create products to meet those same demands. Because these wants are created, rather than intrinsic, Galbraith contends, they are not urgent or important. The completion of Galbraith’s syllogism provides that ultimately the state should own the means of production to ensure the appropriate, urgent wants are met for the whole of society. von Hayek counters, pointing out that the crux of the “Dependence Effect” relies on a flaw that ultimately leads a faulty conclusion. on Hayek cheerfully disassembles Galbraith’s argument by showing there is no direct link between the source of wants and their relative importance. While agreeing that many of our wants are created by production, von Hayek illustrates that society’s “highest” desires, including art, literature and education, are instilled in us by there very creation. Were it not that, say, the works of scholars, artists and writers ever created then there would be no desire for the Mona Lisa, Romeo & Juliet and Plato’s The Republic. Galbraith would have us believe that the esire for these are not important, simply because “production creates the wants it seeks to satisfy. ” von Hayek disagrees that only the intrinsic wants of food, shelter and sex are important, showing that, while producers and advertisers can influence our wants, the product cannot determine want as Galbraith implies. As the importance of want is not determined by the source of desire, Galbraith’s claim to have created an argument that justifies, in essence, Bastiat’s “legal plunder” is defeated, and the free market is defended. on Hayek’s defense is sound, but, fortunately for me, an attack on the logic rather than the ethics of the argument. While von Hayek identifies Galbraith’s fallacy and defends the attack on liberty and the market, he ignores the core moral argument and misses an opportunity to dispatch of The Dependence Effect on its own grounds. I will, then, take advantage of this opening von Hayek has left for me and countless other students of Business Ethics through a moral investigation of Galbraith’s “Dependence Effect. Let us suspend for a moment von Hayek’s publication and assume Galbraith’s claim that only intrinsic wants are important. Why must a want be original for it to be urgent? Producers, via advertising, create these non-original desires. When their motivation is profit the producers are not interested in the lives of the consumer – they only wish to influence the consumer in order to line their own pockets. If Galbraith is right, then, it means that, because producers manufacture these wants, companies that supply the satisfaction to the artificial want doing so in order to manipulate people.

Clearly, in such a case, people are being treated as means to corporate profits, rather than ends. Galbraith uses this claim of moral wrong to justify redress. Strangely, Galbraith the socialist has forged a Kantian argument in identifying the injustice as treating people as means rather than ends. Galbraith’s solution is equalized re-distribution, where by the means of production are controlled by the state. The only way to prevent this injustice, he claims, is to let the state decide how wants are fulfilled.

This will prevent the moral wrong committed by the producers who are creating demand in order to generate profit. It is, however, inconsistent for Galbraith to reach this conclusion. Galbraith’s solution to the “Dependence Effect” is to transfer the means of production from the private arena to the public sphere. It is fair, at this point, to remove the curtain to expose the wizard that is ‘public sphere’ as government. He would have the government mange production; in order to prevent private entities from treating consumers as means, not ends.

Fair enough, until we recall that the government will have to tax those same consumers in order to fund the management of production – and therein lays the problem with Galbraith’s argument. For how would the government enforce this tax? As the law with no sword is no law, the answer is: the sword. Bastiat so eloquently showed that what is property is an extension of individual liberty. To take said from an individual that which is not voluntarily given is to take the liberty of the individual.

It follows then, to take from a collective that which is not voluntarily give is to take the liberty of the collective, because what is a collective but a group of individuals? So Galbraith would have us take from the collective, by force if necessary, in order to prevent the manipulation of individuals. In other words, to prevent people from being treated as ends the solution is to treat people as ends. The inconsistency is readily apparent.

Cite this The Non Sequitur of the “Dependence Effect”

The Non Sequitur of the “Dependence Effect”. (2018, Apr 04). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/the-non-sequitur-of-the-dependence-effect-essay/

Show less
  • Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay
  • Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself
  • Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay
  • Do not copy and paste free to download essays
Get plagiarism free essay

Search for essay samples now

Haven't found the Essay You Want?

Get my paper now

For Only $13.90/page