Tuberculosis Prevention Essay, Research Paper
Tuberculosis is going a global job. Three million people dice of TB each twelvemonth, and over 22,000 instances are reported each twelvemonth in the United States. There are besides an estimated 10 to 15 million people in the U.S. who are infected with the Terbium sources with possible to develop TB disease in the hereafter ( Huglas, February 1998 ) . The modern epoch of TB began in the mid 1980s. At that clip it was realized that TB had non merely ceased to worsen in many developed states, notably the U.S.A. , but was really increasing. It is estimated that deceases from TB will increase from 3 million a twelvemonth presently to 5 million by the twelvemonth 2050 ( Tilson, 1998 ) .
Tuberculosis spreads through coughing and sneeze and it is extremely contagious. Person in the universe is freshly infected with TB each 2nd. One-third of the universe s population is now infected with TB B ( World Health Organization ) . There is virtually nil anyone can make to protect himself or himself from TB. You could acquire into a hack and if person who was there three hours before had been coughing, those atoms will stay suspended in the air for a few hours. Although effectual and low-cost intervention have been available since 1950, the drugs by and large must be taken for 6 to 8 months. Many patients stop taking them every bit shortly as they begin to experience better because of a deficiency of instruction. Premature surcease of the intervention will ensue in a backsliding and perchance the outgrowth of a drug resistant strain ( Hugles, February 1998 ) .
Tuberculosis is out of control in many developing states of the universe. Within the developed universe, in-migration is the greatest factor lending to the addition in instances. Current events suggest that the state of affairs will deteriorate further before the international community provides sufficient resources to recover the upper manus in the war against TB ( World Health Organization ) . The practical solution must concentrate on the completed and right intervention of the great bulk of those enduring from TB, peculiarly those that are sputum smear positive. Since TB is easy catching between people, the addition in TB in any section of the population represents menace to all sections of the population. The first degree of bar is instruction.
I am working as an interpreter-translator in a medical scene for the Russian and Ukrainian community and I realize that many people do non cognize the facts about TB. This means that it is of import to establish and keep appropriate public wellness steps, including instruction, showing, inoculation, and intervention. This issue is really of import to me, because 1 out 20 of Ukrainian-Russian people have been infected with TB sources. Peoples should cognize that intervention at this point could forestall TB sources from doing TB disease. The job is noncompliance with the intervention because of a deficiency of cognition. If we will diminish TB in any section of the population, we will diminish the menace to all sections of the population.
The first medical topographic point where the Russian immigrants come to is Health Department. Peoples are testing at that place for Terbium by the TB skin trial. A positive reaction normally means that individual has TB infection. Many people who have TB infection ne’er develop TB disease. But some people who have TB infection are more likely to develop TB disease than others. These people
are at high hazard for TB disease. They include:
+ people with HIV infection
+ people in close contact with a individual who has infective TB
+ people who became septic with TB bacteriums in the last 2 old ages
+ babes and immature kids
+ people who inject drugs
+ people who are ill with other diseases that weaken the immune system
+ aged people
If person has TB infection ( a positive tegument trial reaction ) and he or she is in one
of these bad groups, he or she needs to take medical specialty to maintain from developing TB disease. This sort of intervention is called preventative therapy. Besides, if the patient is younger than 35 and he or she has Terbium infection, he or she may profit from preventative therapy, even if he or she is non in a bad group. Peoples who have TB infection but do non have preventative therapy demand to cognize the symptoms of TB. If they develop the symptoms of TB disease subsequently on, they should see a physician right off.
How can we educate Russian-speaking community if all the information such as booklets and booklets is written in English? To reply this inquiry, I developed a strategic program that can assist educate people in order to forestall TB in Clark County. My program is to interview the nurse who works at the Health Department and teaches the community, including Russian immigrants, about bar and intervention of TB. The interview will include inquiries that reflect experiences with immigrants and their conformity with the TB intervention. I would wish to convey my program to the attending of the nurse to excite positive, constructive treatment and action to increase the public s degree of consciousness of TB. I expect that the nurse will back up my determination about distribution of the TB information to the Russian immigrants that is written in their ain linguistic communication. Russian people who are infected with TB sources do non hold adequate information about the procedure of the disease. Unless alternate actions are taken, people will go on to be incompliant with the medicine regimen. In order to understand the class and bar of the disease, brochures must be written in simple linguistic communication. The end of this program is to educate the population about the effects of non-compliance with intervention. I will reexamine all the Information and booklets that are available at the Health Department that is related to TB. I will take information that is best related to disease bar. I will interpret it from English into the Russian linguistic communication. I would wish to administer the booklets written in Russian among the Russian community, and the booklets written in English among American people in order to increase consciousness of TB facts. The end is to supply the community, including the Russian population, with information that is necessary for understanding TB.
In order to measure my undertaking, I will interview the nurse from the Health Department, and I will inquire the undermentioned inquiries:
+ How many booklets were distributed?
+ How did the distribution of the booklets increase conformity with the intervention? ( It can be evaluated by subjective informations ) .
+ What extra information should be translated for better apprehension of TB?
I believe that my part will increase consciousness of the TB facts and will diminish the disobedience with the intervention.