1. Understand the importance of differentiating between the individual and the disability.
Explain why it is important to recognize and value an individual as a person
It is important because each person deserves respect and each person has their own individual needs. Not every person is the same, and treating a person in the exact same way as everyone else may not be the best way to help show that persons individuality.
Describe the importance of recognising and individuals strengths and abilities
Helps to recognise what methods or ways are best suited to help that person.
And where further help is needed to help teach or to use their strengths and abilities in which will help benefit them. Helping recognise strengths and abilities also helps build confidence in that person and may encourage to build on their strengths and to try to gain or strengthen new abilities. Strengths also help compensate for a person’s weaknesses, this helps show where development may be needed and how they can use existing strengths to help improve where they are weakest.
Describe how to work in a person centred way that fully involves the individual
Making sure everything you do is evolved around that person so the work you do suits their specific needs ensuring the best care possible. Finding out that persons history and needs to help create a personal care plan which suits that person best. Also finding out persons likes and dislikes, needs and disabilities along with details about them so you can relate and include all details into care plans.
2. Understand the concept of physical disability
Describe what is meant by physical disability
A physical disability is any disability which limits the physical function of one or more limbs. Other physical disabilities include impairments which limit other facets of daily living.
Describe what congenital disability is
A congenital disability is an abnormality of any structure of the body part. The disability is usually present at birth but only gets recognizable as the child gets older. Such disabilities are usually genetically passed on, though some do occur as a result of problem during child birth.
Give examples of congenital disabilities and their causes
Physical anomalies – curvature of 5th finger – a third nipple – dimples in lower spine – Birth defects. Causes can be toxins that impede normal growth or physical shocks or constraints due to growth in a restricted space.
Describe what a progressive disability is
A progressive disability is an illness or medical condition that is expected to worsen over time. Well known examples of progressive illness include Multiple sclerosis, Motor neurone disease, Huntington’s chorea, Muscular dystrophy and Alzheimer’s disease.
Give examples of progressive disabilities and their causes.
Huntington’s disease – can be inherited, is caused by a family gene Muscular dystrophy – caused by mutations in several different genes. Motor neurone disease – believes to be caused by genetic and environmental factors that build throughout life.
3. Understand how the challenges of living with a physical disability can be addressed
Identify social and physical barriers that can have a disabling effect on an individual
Barriers such as prison life, criminal records or poverty and lack of financial income, physical and mental handicaps, lack of family income, lack of family education or support, lack of teaching or poor teaching and schooling. These can all have a disabling effect in some way or another especially if there is more than one of these factors involved.
Identify positive and negative attitudes towards individuals with a disability
Positive attitudes are treating people with disabilities the same as everyone else and not singling them out or treating them differently or unfairly. Wanting to help or assist them to help improve their way of living. Negative attitudes are treating people with disabilities differently, lack of respect or mistreatment. Not giving equal opportunities or discrimination.
Describe steps that can be taken to challenge and change discriminatory attitudes
Educating people on their ignorance can be helpful. Although it is hard to change someone’s opinion if that is how they already think. Starting young – educating children at an earlier age while still in school regarding the issues around discrimination. Never ignoring this behaviour, challenge it and try and make that person aware of the damage they could be causing, if within a work place raise the issue with your line manager.
Describe the impact of disability legislation on community attitudes and practices
Legislation ensures support is put in place to help with financial and physical needs. Helps ensure action is taken against people who discriminate others. Helps to recognise a person’s disability and ensures they have access to the same resources and activities that a person without disabilities has access to. Also makes it against the law to discriminate against people with a disability.
Describe the effects that having a physical disability can have on a person’s day to day life
Can result in people getting mental health problems or anxiety, loss of freedom or independence. People could become frustrated or angry at having to rely on other people. Practical problems, such as transport, choice of activities, or accessing building. Loss of self esteem, confidence, loss of employment or not being able to find work.
Identify the importance for the individual of positive risk taking
Help to encourage people to broaden their horizons and comfort zones. Help to encourage experimentation and self discovery. Break through limitations. Encourage growth and innovation.
4. Understand the importance of independence and inclusion for the individual with physical disability
Describe how the individual can be in control their own care needs and provision of social care services
By using a PCP to help promote choice, also helps to ensure support and that aids and adaption’s are in place. Helps to keep the person included in all aspects of their own life choices. PCP’s can be changed to meet specific needs and can adapt around that persons strengths and weaknesses, goals can be set and when achieved added into the PCP as a new skill or ability, then a new goal or task can be set in place. PCP’s help relay information about vital factors in an individual’s life, from something as simple as likes and dislikes to important information such as medical needs and types of disability or illness. This information can be used to help assist that person in the choices they make and help to know where their limits are.
Describe the importance of supporting independence and inclusion within their community
Helps to build confidence and social interaction which can help reduce chances of depression. Helping support independence will also help to build a person’s self esteem and give more of a chance to live independently and rely less on others.
Describe how to assist with independence inclusion within the community
Assists by taking people to events or special events where they can interact with others. Take to activities and leisure activities. Help people with their goals and wishes if within reason. Help to set new goals which can be achieved.
Cite this Understand Physical disability
Understand Physical disability. (2016, Jul 22). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/understand-physical-disability/