China is located in the eastern portion of Asia. on the west seashore of the Pacific Ocean. It covers an country of 9. 6 million square kilometres. Administratively. the state is divided into 3 municipalities: Beijing. Tianjin and Shanghai ; 23 states. including Hebei. Henan. Shandong. Shanxi. Hainan and Taiwan ; and 5 independent parts ; Tibet. Xinjiang. Inner Mongolia. Ningxia and Guangxi. Under the states and independent parts there are metropoliss and counties. China has a entire population of 1.
1 billion which consists of 56 nationalities including Han. Tibetan. Mongolian and Hui. The two great rivers in China are the Yangtse River and the Yellow River. which are the two cradles of civilisation of China. As one of the oldest civilisations in the universe. China has a recorded history of 5. 000 old ages. The country’s capital is Beijing. The Great Wall is one of the most celebrated ancient architecture constructions in the universe. It starts from the Bohai Sea in the E and ends at Jiayuguan Pass. Gansu Province in the West. widening 7. 300 kilometres.
It stands as a informant to the long history of the Chinese state and a symbol of the wisdom and strength of the Chinese people. The fundamental law of the People’s Republic of China provides for spiritual freedom. but spiritual pattern is non encouraged. Traditionally. Confucianism. Buddhism. Daoism and Ancestor Worship are practiced at the same time with changing entreaties. The literary tradition of China is one of the world’s major and oldest. Its texts have been preserved for over 3. 000 old ages.
Respect for the yesteryear has influenced to continue these cultural beginnings and may hold paved manner for the innovation of woodblock printing in the ninth century and movable type printing in the twelfth century. Most significantly. China can tout of a steady cultural tradition based on the Chinese book as a linguistic communication. a written medium. independent of spoken dialectic differences. The chief type of Chinese literature is its poesy. early common people vocals established the shi ( shih ) signifier that crystallized during the Han dynasty and dominated for the following 1. 200 old ages.
The short narratives. which started to develop during the Tang dynasty. ab initio emphasized either historical events or supernatural occurrences which could non be related in a formal historical work. The thought of fiction as connected to history persisted. yet more inventive and rationally incomprehensible. climaxing in China’s greatest novel. The Dream of the Red Chamber or The Story of the Stone. which is at one time autobiographical and realistic. and at the same clip inventive and mystical.
The Dream of Red Chamber is a celebrated classical Chinese novel. Since it was made into a movie and a Television series in the 1980’s. the characters and secret plan have become known to about everyone in China. It has been regarded as an encyclopaedia of the feudal Chinese life style. The Chinese people strongly believe that modestness is a great virtuousness. They ne’er feel satisfied with what they have achieved and believe one must non overestimate oneself. for he or she has to work harder in order to make better.
• Chinese made easy by Dr. Anita Sharma