In A Farewell to Arms. Ernest Hemingway attempts to state the unstained truth about war — to show an honest. instead than a heroic. history of combat. retreat. and the ways in which soldiers fill their clip when they are non contending. Yet Hemingway’s realistic attack to his topic does non govern out the usage of many time-honoured literary devices.
For case. conditions is to this twenty-four hours a cardinal constituent of the war experience. Hemingway depicts weather realistically in A Farewell to Arms. but he uses it for symbolic intents every bit good. Rain. frequently equated with life and growing. stands for decease in this novel. and snow symbolizes hope: an wholly original scheme.
In narratives such as “To Build a Fire. ” by Jack London. snow and ice rather logically represent danger and decease. After all. one can stop dead to decease. autumn through thin ice and drown. or perish beneath an avalanche. In Chapter II of A Farewell Arms. on the other manus. it is snow that ends the contending described in the book’s foremost chapter. Therefore snow bases for safety instead than its opposite. ( Note. though. that although snow covers the bare land and even the Italian army’s heavy weapon in Chapter II. stumps of oak trees torn up by the summer’s contending continue to stick out — a reminder that winter is of class non lasting but simply a respite from combat. a cease-fire. ) Shortly thenceforth. Frederic Henry describes the priest’s place part of Abruzzi as a “place where the roads were frozen and difficult as Fe. where it was clear and cold and dry and the snow was dry and powdery. . . . ” and the context leaves no uncertainty that this word picture is a positive 1.
Late in the novel. the statement between the Swiss police officers over winter athleticss non merely provides much-needed amusing alleviation ; it besides marks the beginning of Henry and Catherine Barkley’s 2nd idyll. ( The first takes topographic point in summertime. in Milan. ) Immediately afterwards. Henry and Catherine find themselves in the Swiss Alps. with snow all about. Therefore they have temporarily achieved a life of both pureness ( the mountains symbolize pureness in this novel. versus the corruptness of the Lowlandss ) and safety. These chapters positively radiate contentment.
Get downing in the really first chapter of A Farewell to Arms. rain clearly symbolizes decease: “In the autumn when the rains came the foliages all fell from the chestnut trees and the subdivisions were au naturel and the short pantss black with rain. ” Henry tells us. “The vineries were thin and bare-branched excessively and all the state moisture and brown and dead with fall. ” The rain symbolism is non wholly a literary amour propre. either. as rain really precedes an eruption of fatal unwellness. the cholera that kills seven 1000 that autumn.
Subsequently. during their Milan idyll. Catherine makes the symbolism of the rain explicit for Henry — and for the reader: “I’m afraid of the rain because sometimes I see myself dead in it. ” she says to him. “And sometimes I see you dead in it. ” Lo and behold. during Henry and Catherine’s trip from the armorer’s to the hotel near the train station on his last dark with her. the fog that has covered the metropolis from the start of the chapter turns to rain. It continues to rain as they bid one another farewell ; in fact. Catherine’s last act in this portion of the novel is to signal to Henry that he should step in out of the rain. Back at the forepart. “the trees were all bare and the roads were boggy. ”
It rains about continuously during the chapter when the tide of conflict bends and the Italians begin their retreat from Caporetto — and from the Germans who have joined the combat. The rain turns to snow one eventide. keeping out hope that the violative will discontinue. but the snow rapidly thaws and the rain sketchs. During a treatment among the drivers about the vino they are imbibing with dinner. the driver named Aymo says. “To-morrow maybe we drink rainwater. ” Hemingway by this clip has developed the rain symbolism to such a grade that the reader experiences a echt sense of predicting — and so. the undermentioned twenty-four hours will convey decease to Henry’s disintegrating unit.
It is raining while the fleeting Henry rides the train to Stresa. raining when he arrives. and raining while Henry and Catherine spend the dark together in his hotel room. The open-boat trip across Lake Maggiore takes topographic point in the rain. with an umbrella used as a canvas. ( Ominously. the umbrella breaks. ) And in Chapter XL. as Henry and Catherine are offering farewell to their wintertime mountain retreat for the metropolis in which Catherine’s babe is to be born. Henry tells us that “In the dark it started raining. ”
Finally. when Henry leaves the infirmary for tiffin during Catherine’s protracted. agonising bringing. “The twenty-four hours was cloudy but the Sun was seeking to come through” — a actual beam of hope. During the operation. nevertheless. he looks out the window and sees that it is raining. Merely after the nurse has told him that the babe is dead. Henry looks outside once more and “could see nil but the dark and the rain falling across the visible radiation from the window. ” At the novel’s terminal. Henry leaves the infirmary and walks back to his hotel in the rain. In fact. the concluding word in A Farewell to Arms is “rain. ” grounds of weather’s of import topographic point in the narrative overall.
Hemingway doesn’t rather trust us to observe the rain/snow form of symbolism and understand its significance ; therefore he underlines the significance of precipitation in his book by holding Catherine Tell Henry that she sees them dead in the rain. And so the conditions symbolism in A Farewell to Arms is possibly unnecessarily obvious. Yet Hemingway’s usage of this literary device is barely rote symbolism for its ain interest. Rain and snow both drive his secret plan and keep our involvement. as we hold our breaths every clip it rains in the novel. praying that Catherine will non die during that scene. ( We know that Henry will last the rain. because he is the story’s narrator. ) Therefore. while composing a viciously realistic saga of life during wartime. Ernest Hemingway besides crafted a novel every bit literary as the great-war narratives that preceded A Farewell to Arms. Arguably it is every bit powerful as any narrative of all time told.