The Nicola Passion in the Pulpit, Pisa Baptistery provides a good example of the Roman heritage in Italian medieval art that shows the influence of Etruscan and Roman Tomb Effigies. 3. Who was the last great Byzantine painter? Describe the influence of the Byzantine style in his painting discussed in the notes. The great Byzantine painter was Cambium. The influence of the Byzantine style remains strong in the monumental Madonna Enthroned with the lines of gold in Marry draperies, long thin fingers, proportions of Christ, elaborate throne with no visible support.
. In Gusto’s Madonna Enthroned, how does the artist show more naturalism in his painting? In Gusto’s painting, he shows more naturalism by the use of space. 5. How does Ghetto create a sense of movement in Kiss of Judas? The fresco is devoid of landscape forms that might distract the viewer. Nor do any of Gusto’s figures face the picture plane. Most focus on the dramatic confrontation between Christ and Judas.
Judas and Christ turn and lock each other’s gaze. They are surrounded ominously by the helmets framing their heads.
Over Chrism’s head, there are two stakes that emphasize the rage of the mob against him. Ghetto signals the violence of Chrism’s death. Ghetto is the first artist since ancient Rome o depict figures in back view. He places three figures as if in different stages of a turn. The pointing man in the three quarter view. Judas turns farther to the right. The hooded man in the gray is seen directly from the rear. Together they create a sense of movement. 6. What is meant by 14th Century Italian humanism? The 14th Century Italian humanism is a movement inspired by the revival of classical texts. . How does Imbroglio Lorgnette’s Effects of Good Government in the City and in the Country make reference to consequences of social disruption? Gallows represents social disruption. Outside the city walls, people ride off into the country. There is a group of peasants tilling the soil. There is spatial depth with the mountains. At the top of the fresco is a figure holding a scroll. The inscription reminds the viewer that peace reigns under good government above the scroll is a pictorial message of a gallows.
Swinging from the gallows is a criminal. This reminder of the consequences of social disruption. Also, behind the figure’s foot is the she wolf, symbolic of the story of Romulus and Reams. She makes the link between ancient Rome and Siena. She also protects the city. 8. How does Simons Martini in the Saint Louis Altarpiece show the influence of the Byzantine tradition? The Saint Louis Altarpiece shows the influence of the Byzantine tradition because it identifies the French royal family.
When Louis was elected to the rank of bishop, he gave the throne to his younger brother Robert. 9. What are prayer books? Who made prayer books? What style to they reflect? Prayer books or Books of Hours were illuminated manuscripts made for lay people, and most were commissioned by the aristocracy and upper middle class. Prayer books were made by the three Limburger brothers?Paul, Herman, and Jean. The style they reflect was the International Gothic style. 10. How did the Black Death effect religious beliefs?
The Black Death caused some people to either returned or clung to the church even harder or they left the church and “live for the day”. 11. Discuss Cambium’s and Gusto’s Madonna Enthroned paintings. Compare and contrast the styles represented. Be sure to include details about the difference in the treatment of form, space, pattern, rendering, halos, angels, and draperies. They both have thrones but in Gusto’s painting he has Byzantine gold backgrounds, and flat, round halos whereas Cambium’s throne rises in an irrational, unknown space.
In contrast to Cambium’s long, thin, elegant figures, Gusto’s are bulky, with draperies that correspond convincingly to organic form and that obey the law of gravity. Ghetto figures created a three-dimensional space that seems to turn and move as in nature. Whereas Cambium uses lines of gold to emphasize Mar’s drapery folds, Gusto’s folds are rendered by shading. 12. In the 14th century what happened to the literacy of the population? How did this effect the explosion of classical revival? How would this have affected art?
The population increased, and work of literature dealt more and more with art and artists, bringing their achievements to a wider public, because of this the effect on the classical revival, rivals the ancients revivals. 13. What was the Saint Francis cult? How did Ghetto show this in his work Categorization of Saint Francis? Saint Francis cult was one of the most prominent in Italy. It was a strict rule, insisting his followers live by work of their own hand or by begging. Ghetto painted scenes from the life of Saint Francis to show the poverty that was adopted by the Saint Francis cult.
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