Chinese Medicine Research Paper Chinese MedicineTraditional Essay
Chinese Medicine Essay, Research Paper
Traditional medical specialty of China has a long historical and cultural background dating back about 2500 old ages. The ancient Chinese people were able to make a degree of societal stableness that included the ability to handle disease of emotional, physical, and religious beginnings. Although a belief in liquors as the cause of disease has remained in China even to the present twenty-four hours, the position that the organic structure obeyed a natural order struck a chord in the rational elite of ancient China. It was this elect category that refined and developed these thoughts over many centuries. ( 1 )
The thoughts that the ancient Chinese had about the variety meats of the organic structure, and their maps, every bit good as the causes and development of disease, show big differences when compared with Western medical specialty. ( 2 )
The Chinese do non believe of theory, as we do in the West, as needing to be proven to make the highest grade of truth. A Chinese physician can look at the kidney as a machine and think of it as a contemplation of existence. ( 2 ) He can use two different disease categorization systems, cold harm or warm harm where he feels it is appropriate, without being deterred by contradictions between the two. ( 3 )
One ( Western ) method of deriving cognition is analysis. It is the method of interrupting things into constituent parts to understand the whole. This method has been applied in China, but non to the same degree as in the West. Analysis is one of the of import characteristics of all western modern scientific discipline and engineering. In fact, the analytical attack is the footing of western medical specialty, and it is portion of the Western mentality. ( 4 )
Analysis is non every bit of import to Chinese medical specialty as in the West. The ancient Chinese did utilize analysis in their probe of the human organic structure, but to a lesser grade. Analysis provided some of import penetrations into the workings of the human organic structure. The ancient Chinese knew, for illustration, that the tummy and bowels were variety meats of digestion, and that the lung drew air from the environment. ( 5 )
The beginnings of China & # 8217 ; s medical cognition is non certain. They observed phenomenon, and identified relationships and forms. They compared whole phenomena in the organic structure, and watched how they related to each other. ( 6 )
This is shown by & # 8220 ; chi, & # 8221 ; an entity that Westerners find difficult to gestate, since it does non suit any known scientific class. ( 7 ) Qi is thought to be the cosmopolitan energy that runs everything, right down to the smallest molecule. Pain is frequently thought of as out of use Qi. ( 8 ) An illustration of chi would be that the ancient Chinese could see that when we are healthy, nutrient is carried down the alimental canal. They besides saw that throwing up involves a lifting motion that ejects nutrient from the tummy along with heave. ( 9 ) They saw this activity in footings of two motions: a normal descending force and an unnatural rise force. What we call a motion, the Chinese call chi. ( 10 ) Stomach chi goes down, transporting nutrient in the digestive piece of land to the little bowel. The construct of tummy chi was inferred straight from seeable events.
Qi does non co-occur with the Western impression of energy. Western medical specialty explains the normal downward motion of chi in footings of vermiculation ( wave like contractions that pass along the alimental canal, forcing the contents downward ) . Energy is consumed in the contraction of the musculuss. It is non go uping or falling energy. ( 11 )
The Chinese developed a medical specialty of systematic correspondences in which yin-yang and five-phase theory provided a good foundation for understanding the organic structure. These have been the cardinal elements of Chinese medical specialty to the present twenty-four hours. ( 12 )
The five stages: wood, fire, Earth, metal, and H2O are the chief factors in human life: wood for building ; fire for heat ; metal for tools ; the Earth that produces the harvests necessary to our endurance ; and H2O on which all life depends. ( 13 ) The ancient Chinese observed that these entities, all important for the support of human life, reflected of import facets of nature as a whole. Wood has the qualities of workss ; fire has heat qualities and so so on. The five stages besides correspond to variety meats in the organic structure. These five entities besides relate to each other in specific ways such as anything that burns is derived from workss, wood was said to breed fire ; fire by cut downing what it consumed to ashes, is said to breed Earth, etc. ( 14 )
Yin and yang constitute a binary system of correspondence that is logically fiting to the five stages. All yin phenomena are the same in nature and relate to their yang opposites in similar manner. Examples of this would be twenty-four hours is to dark as heat is to cold, as summer is to winter, as high is to low, as activity is to rest. ( 15 )
The thoughts of yin and yang became universally applicable catego
ries of quality and relationship. Cold and dark has something qualitative in common, and their relationship is counterpart to yin and yang. Each pole of a yin-yang brace is dependent on the other and each complements the other. There is no visible radiation without darkness ; cold can non be known without heat. When cold additions, heat lowers, and when morning interruptions, darkness slices. ( 16 )
In medical specialty, yin and yang are used to explicate relationships between parts of the organic structure, variety meats, and disease forms. ( 17 ) Making a correspondence between dark-light and interior-exterior, medical theorists were able to see that the inside of the organic structure corresponds to dark as the exterior corresponds to visible radiation ; so, inside would be yin and the outside is yang. By the rule of divisibility, they determined that within the inside of the organic structure, some facets were yin, while others were yang. The organs holding greatest contact with the exterior ( the digestive piece of land, for illustration ) are seen to be yang within yin, whereas the variety meats that dealt with things produced by the organic structure ( blood, chi, and kernel ) were seen as yin within yang. ( 18 )
There are four major interventions within these two key elements of Chinese medical specialty. The first that will be covered is Tui Na or massage. It contains elements and techniques that are really different from the common ( western ) thoughts of massage. In these massage techniques the practician tries to impact the physiology and energetics of the organic structure and the head of the patient. ( 19 )
Tui Na is practiced easy with an accent on the practician and the client being in a brooding province. Stretching and widening the scope of gesture of the organic structure is an of import portion of Chinese massage. ( 19 )
A cardinal portion of Chinese medical specialty is the importance of the abdominal part. Harmonizing to Chinese medical specialty, all the major energy tracts of the organic structure have their beginning around the umbilicus. The abdominal massage is important to the mending benefit of this medical specialty. ( 19 )
The 2nd intervention is Herbology or minerals and animate being parts. Herbs are a assortment of of course found merchandises that have medicative belongingss. Herbal expression can be taken in many ways. A physician of Chinese herbal medical specialty could order natural herbs which would be taken place and made into a & # 8220 ; tea & # 8221 ; . It is believed that certain carnal parts, when ingested, will lend to the wellness of the same portion in the patient. Many practicians offer herbs in pill or capsule signifier. Herbal interventions are created for specific patients and their specific inharmoniousness. ( 20 )
The 3rd intervention is nutrition therapy. The lone difference between nutrition and herbal therapy is that nutrition tends to be more appetising than the herbal tea expressions. ( 21 )
The 4th intervention is Acupuncture. It is the soft interpolation of hair-fine acerate leafs into specific points on the organic structure to excite the flow of Qi or the natural healing energy. ( 22 )
Chinese medical specialty positions human wellness and disease in footings of functional entities and disease-causing influences that are observed with merely the senses. Its edification lies in its observation of correspondences between whole phenomena, and its organisation of these observations through the holistic systems of yin-yang and five stages. ( 23 )
In position of the slightly barbarian interventions in western medical specialty & # 8211 ; malignant neoplastic disease therapy, for illustration & # 8211 ; many people in western society are going interested in Chinese medical specialty as an alternate signifier of intervention for certain complaints. This is an encouraging tendency.
1 Nigel Boss, The Introduction To Chinese Medicine ( Brookline, 1988 ) . , p2-15.
2 Ibid. , p17.
3 Ibid. , p18.
4 Ibid. , p37.
5 Ibid. , p38.
6 Ibid. , p40.
7 Ibid. , p56.
8 ( Class talk on Chinese Medicine )
9 Nigel Boss, The Introduction To Chinese Medicine. ( Brookline,1988 ) . , p57.
10 Ibid. , p58.
11 Ibid. , p58.
12 Ibid. , p102.
13 Ibid. , p103.
14 Ibid. , p105.
15 Ibid. , p150.
16 Ibid. , p151.
17 Ibid. , p159.
18 Ibid. , p160.
19 John J. Chan, Conditions Successfully Treated with Oriental Medicine. ( Chicago, 1984 ) . , p20. ( Class notes )
20 Ibid. , p27. ( Class notes )
21 Ibid. , p34. ( Class notes )
22 Ibid. , p42. ( Class notes )
23 Nigel Boss, The Introduction to Chinese Medicine. ( Brookline, 1988 ) . , p92.
Boss, Nigel. The Introduction To Chinese Medicine.
Brookline, Massachusetts: Paradigm Publications, 1988.
Chan, John J. Conditions Successfully Treated with Oriental
Medicine. Chicago, Illinois: Lynne Reiner Publishers,1984.