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Cooperative in India

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As a trend setter and harbinger of the movement, Madhusudan Das organised the first multifacet cooperative enterprise of the country “The Cuttack Cooperative Store” as early as 1898. 2. The Cuttack Co-operative Store came into existence on 11th June, 1898 with Madhusudan Das as the honorary secretary and Jankinath Bose, the father of Netajee Subash Chandra Bose as the treasurer. 3. To save the poor cultivators from the exploitation of the money-lenders, the Co-operative Movement started in Orissa as early as in 1903.

By the Cooperative Credit Societies Act, 1904 several Co- Operative Societies were established in North Orissa.

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4. Primary Agricultural Co-operative Societies (PACS) at the grass-root level, Central Co-operative Banks (DCCB) at the middle level and Orissa State Cooperative Bank at the apex level. 5. Co-operative institutions have played a prominent role in promotion and credit linkage of Self-Help Groups in general and Women Self- Help Groups in particular. 6. In the marketing sector the MARKFED at the apex level is functioning for distribution of fertilizer through Buffer godowns, depots and sale points.

. Odisha is 2nd State after Andhra Pradesh to accept the recommendation of Vaidyanathan Committee for revitalization of Short-Term Credit Co-operatives. 8. Integrated Cooperative Development Project (ICDP) The Scheme Integrated Cooperative Development Project (ICDP) was introduced in the Seventh Five Year Plan for promotion of various economic activities through cooperatives in the sphere of agriculture and allied sectors like Fishery, Poultry, Dairy, Handloom and Rural Industries etc. in the selected districts.

This scheme of the Corporation has an integrated area based approach taking into account the local needs and resources. The scheme aims at development of cooperatives in agriculture and allied sectors, transforming cooperative as multi-purpose entities and promoting horizontal & vertical functional linkages so as to enable the cooperatives to cater to the overall needs of rural community. 9. MARKFED The MARKFED-ORISSA i. e. Odisha State Co-operative Marketing Federation Ltd. commenced since 11. 06. 1949 with total membership of 985. Objective :

Market/ distribute chemical fertilisers, pesticides, agril. implements to the farmers of the State. Procurement of agril commodities under Price Support Scheme – to help farmers to get fair price of their produce. 10. OSCARD At a Glance The Odisha State Cooperative Agricultural & Rural Development (OSCARD) Bank as the Apex Bank at the State level and 46 Primary Cooperative Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Banks located at the Revenue Sub-Divisional level have been functioning since 1938 and constitute the Long Term Credit Structure in the State. 11.

OSAM Board The OSAM Board is a statutory Board constituted under the Odisha Agricultural Produce Markets Act, 1956 for exercising superintendence and control over the working of the Regulated Market Committees constituted under the Act with the intention of regulating the sale and purchase of agricultural produce in the State. The Odisha State Agricultural Marketing (OSAM) Board which is the regulatory body for the agricultural marketing structure in the State, was established in the year 1984 under the amended provisions of the Odisha Agricultural Produce Markets Act, 1956.

The Minister in charge of Cooperation is the ex-officio Chairman of the Board which has been assigned the status of a body corporate. 12. Headed by Registrar Of Cooperatives. HANDLOOM SECTOR IN ODISHA At a glance Handloom Sector, next to the agriculture provides massive employment to the rural artisans. So far as our State is concerned, it has a rich tradition of producing handloom products. Even the skill and knowledge imbibed over the generation, has given the Orissa hand woven textiles an unparalleled depth, range, strength and vigor.

Handloom cloth is one of the richest and resilient medium of ethnic expressions. For the weaver weaving of cloth is not just commercial venture but it represents the philosophy the way of life. Thus Orissa still retains their place of pride for unique and exquisite creations in all over the world. The Handloom Industry in Orissa is the largest cottage Industry providing employment and sustenance to 4 % of the population of the State.

Right from producing superior artistic fabrics of excellence, this Industry also produces utility fabrics for the common masses at cheaper cost. However in face of teething competition in open market, the strengthening of the Industry and its diversification is the continuous need for its survival is being provided by Govt. assistance in different forms. To achieve this end, different schemes have been formulated and are working under the Textile Directorate of the state. Important Handloom Centres Centers |Products name | |Bargarh |Bed cover , dress materials, cotton tie & dye saree, silk saree, coarse cotton | | |saree & others | |Sonepur Boudh |Silk bomkai saree, tie & dye cotton saree, furnishing & silk tie & dye saree | |Nuapatna |Silk khandua saree, caligraphy tassar saree & furnishing, coarse cotton saree & | | |others. | |Jagatsinghpur |Fine count cotton saree. | |Kotpad |Vegetable dye saree & scarf, coarse cotton saree & others | |Mayurbhanj, Gopalpur, Fakirpur, Mankidia |Tassar saree & furnishing, coarse cotton saree & others | |Berhampur Silk saree, coarse cotton saree & others | |Kalahandi |Habaspuri saree, coarse cotton saree & others | |Bolangir |Tie & dye cotton saree & furnishings, silk tie & dye saree, coarse cotton saree | | |& others | |Nayagarh, Puri, Gajapati, Rayagada, Nawarangpur, Nawapada, Malkangiri, |Coarse cotton saree & others | |Dhenkanal, Kendrapa, Bhadrak, Sundergarh, Sambalpur | | Sericulture in Odisha Sericulture is a livelihood activity that goes round the year & provides remunerative income to the farmers. About 15,000 traditional families 4 involving one lakh people actively practice sericulture in Odisha. It provides indirect employment to equal number of reelers, spinners & weavers. Out of the 4 types of silks viz. Mulberry, Tasar, Eri and Muga cultivated In India, three types namely Mulberry, Tasar and Eri culture is practiced in Odisha. These 4 types of silk differ in their food plant, duration of life cycle, quality of cocoon and yarn viz. ize, weight, texture, colour, strength etc. At present with Govt. support tribals & few non-tribals under the BPL category are practicing sericulture & producing silk cocoons. TASAR: Tasar culture is very old and traditional in the State. There are more than 46,828 SC/ST families practicing Tasar culture in 14 hilly districts of the State, such as Mayurbhanj, Balasore, Keonjhar, Sundergarh, Deogarh, Sambalpur, Dhenkanal, Angul, Jajpur, Boudh, Sonepur, Kalahandi, Nuapada, Nawarangpur etc. Tribal farmers in these districts use nature grown tasar food plants in the forest for Tasar silkworm rearing. 8450 hectares of Asan-Arjun plantation has been taken up previously.

In X-th plan period plantation was taken up in 830 hectares additionally. Annually more than 50,000 Kahans of Tasar cocoons are produced and tribal farmers earn about 6 crore rupees out of it with a very nominal investment on seed. ERI: Though Ericulture is traditional,but much emphasis had not been given earlier for its growth. Ericulture exist in 14 Districts of Cuttack, Kendrapara, Jagatsinghpur, Nayagarh, Khurda, Dhenkanal, Angul, Sambalpur, Keonjhar, Kalahandi, Koraput, Rayagada, Gajapati, Phulbani & Sundargarh districts . Plantation exists in 1000 Ac with 2000 beneficiaries and 7. 0 MT of cocoons worth Rs 14 lakh are produced annually. MULBERRY: Mulberry Sericulture is non-traditional to the State.

Mulberry cultivation is done in 12 Districts such as Gajapati, Rayagada, Koraput, Phulbani, Kalahandi, Sonepur, Deogarh, Sambalpur, Nayagarh, Khurda, Keonjhar and Mayurbhanj etc. On an average 40,000 Kgs of cocoons are produced annually and about 1000 SC/ST farmers are able to get about Rs. 50 lakh annually. MICRO ENTERPRISE PROMOTION Micro Enterprise Development |[p|Identification of potential entrepreneurs among different target groups such as Rural Poor, Women, Minorities, SCs, STs, etc. | |ic| | |] | | |[p|Identification of area-specific viable manufacturing and service activities. |ic| | |] | | |[p|Extending candidate specific ‘escort services’ to entrepreneurs right from project identification, availing financial assistance and accessing markets. | |ic| | |] | | |[p|Monitoring during project implementation through commercial operation. | |ic| | |] | | |[p|Capacity building of other support providers. | |ic| | |] | |

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Cooperative in India. (2016, Dec 23). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/cooperative-in-india/

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