Development Study Notes

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Adolescents use formal logic in some situations but not in others. They may rely on intuition rather than analytical thinking because they fear the shortcomings of their intuitive thinking being revealed. Many adolescents affirm the same religion as their parents and see faith as a tool for egocentric purposes. Middle school teachers may feel ineffective due to learning ebbs and behavioral problems. The incremental approach to intelligence reflects the belief that hard work will lead to good grades. Adolescent egocentrics have a well-developed theory of mind compared to operational children. They may use inductive reasoning, such as assuming all girls love Titanic because three girls said so. The sunk cost fallacy may lead them to try to recover lost money. Adolescent egocentrics may signal growth towards cognitive maturity. They may think in terms of possibilities and develop cognitive skills that support economic development. Adolescents establish a new identity by choosing some parental and societal values and abandoning others. They may go through an identity moratorium and fill temporary roles. Their religious identity often reflects the beliefs of their parents and community. Gender identity may be expressed through beliefs about dating roles. The idea of normal adolescent rebellion may be a social construction in Western cultures.

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Adolescents apply formal logic: in some situations but not in others. 6. Fifteen-year-old Richard wants to be allowed to drive the family car, even though he does not yet have a driver’s license. When his parents ask him why he thinks he should have driving privileges, he answers, “Because I know other kids who do it, and it’s just stupid that I have to wait another 3 months until turn 16. ” This is an example of what kind of thinking? B) intuitive 7. Which of the following statements is a reason that adolescents, and sometimes adults, rely more on intuition than on analytical thinking?

B) Thinking analytically might reveal the shortcomings of their intuitive thinking. 8. Researchers found that most adolescents felt close to God and that they: B) affirmed the same religion as their parents. 9. Many adolescents consider their faith a tool to be used to: help them in egocentric ways, such as when taking an exam. 10. Since learning ebbs and behavioral problems tend to occur during the middle school years, many: A) teachers feel ineffective. 11. Jeanie believes that if she works hard enough, she will be TABLE to learn the material and get good grades.

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Her attitude reflects: C) the incremental approach to intelligence. 12. The difference between the egocentrics of adolescents and that of operational children is: B) a well-developed theory of mind in adolescence. 13. Jeremy is 7 years old and has been asked to balance a scale with weights that can be hooked to the arms of the scale. Jeremy will probably: B) put weights on both sides without considering distance from the center of the scale. 14. Brian has met three girls who tell him that Titanic is their all-time favorite movie. He concludes that all girls love Titanic.

Brian has just used: B) inductive reasoning. 15. Ante is at a carnival with Sabina. He has already lost $20 trying to win a stuffed teddy bear for her at one of the games. Ante believes he has to keep trying to win the bear now no matter what it costs him, so that he can try to “recover” his money. Ante seems to be demonstrating: A) the sunk cost fallacy. 16. Some developmentally believe that adolescent egocentrics: B) may signal growth toward cognitive maturity. 17. One of the most prominent aspects of adolescent thought is the ability to: B) hind in terms of possibilities. 8. Most adolescents know that smoking is harmful to their health. Why might they take up smoking in spite of this knowledge? D) It will gain them acceptance into a peer group. 19. Which of the following cognitive skills supports economic development? D) All these skills support economic development. 20. Mary is an adolescent. According to Erikson, her new identity will be established by choosing: C) some parental and societal values and abandoning others. 21. During an identity moratorium, adolescents typically: attempt to fill the role they are in, but consider it temporary. 2. For most teens, their religious identity: C) reflects the beliefs of their parents and community. 23. Unripe strongly believes that males should always be the ones to ask females out on dates. He believes that if a man accepts an invitation for a date from a girl it makes him a sissy. This is an expression of Meringue’s: B) gender identity. 24. The idea in Western cultures that a certain amount Of adolescent rebellion is considered normal and perhaps even healthy possibly reflects a: B) social construction. 25.

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