Ethics in Business: Annotated Bibliography

Table of Content

This article discusses how corporations should take to be responsible for more than merely net income maximization. The writer goes into the treatment of how downsizing a company violates the psychological and societal contracts in the employer-employee relationship. The writer seems to back up the thought that employees should hold a since of security in their occupation every bit long as he or she is fruitfully progressing the ends of the organisation. Downsizing productive employees harms the lesson of the company and violates the trust that difficult work makes an employee valuable. The writer states that he believes retrenchment is immoral and does more harm than good. The writer so shows he does non hold a complete prejudice sentiment on retrenchment because he makes the point that if layoffs are the lone manner to salvage a company. retrenchment is an ethically valid and morally responsible corporate behaviour because the layoffs generate the greatest good for the greatest figure.

Chafuen. Joseph T. “Sorrow and Guilt: An Ethical Analysis of Layoffs. ” SAM Advanced Management Journal 65. 2 ( 2000 ) : 4–13. Print.

This essay could be plagiarized. Get your custom essay
“Dirty Pretty Things” Acts of Desperation: The State of Being Desperate
128 writers

ready to help you now

Get original paper

Without paying upfront

Joseph Gilbert who is besides a Professor discusses how retrenchment can be considered unethical by the usage of three outstanding ethical attacks: that is rights and responsibilities. utilitarianism. and justness and equity. Following his analysis. Professor Gilbert makes a tax write-off that. in instances where retrenchment is being used by a corporation or an organisation to assist it stay in concern. otherwise. it goes under. and so it can be considered morally right and accordingly ethical corporate behaviour. Subsequently. in his usage of useful attack which argues that the finding of whether an action is morally right or incorrect is wholly dependent on its effects. retrenchment can be considered moral and therefore ethical because they result in greatest public-service corporation for a big figure of people.

Further. the rights and responsibilities approach contents that it is moral to downsize since employees lack absolute rights to their occupations. However. the counter statement to ethicality to this is that these same employees still command a right of just and merely intervention. In decision. the justness and fairness attack finds downsizing to be immoral. This is because of deficiency of proportionality an employee`s behaviour and the action of expiration their responsibility.

In an article “Strategic downsizing” by David Band and Charles Tustin published in 1995 discusses the fact that retrenchment is morally incorrect unless the company will non last without the necessary layoffs. This agrees with the article that was published in 2000 by the Joseph Chafuen because both agree that downsizing a company for the ground of increasing net income is morally incorrect. Chafuen besides agrees with Band that downsizing in a company is morally right if it is the best determination for the greatest sum of people. In contrast to the article from the Joseph Chafuen. David Band and Charles Tustin make the point that the unwritten contract between an employee and employer will be broken if retrenchment in a company can non be justified without net income ends in head. Subsequently in Joseph Chafuen’s article he agrees that it is ethically wrong to end an employee that has been good to the company.

Gross. Larry. “Downsizing: Are Employers Reneging on Their Social Promise. ” Society of Chartered Property and Casualty Underwriters. CPCU Journal 54. 2 ( 2001 ) : 112–121. Print.

Harmonizing to Larry Gross. the scheme of downsizing that is at times applied by corporations to their employees is unethical. He argues that this scheme violates the societal and psychological contract that exists between the employers and employee. He posits that whenever one is employed. their exists some sense of security that is afforded to the employee by the employer so long as the employee remains committed. efficient. effectual. and continues to adhere to the regulations. ordinances and continues to progress the ends of the organisations towards accomplishing its vision. Therefore. retrenchment of employees who have proved to be productive and have shown committedness to the organisation is immoral because it is a limpid misdemeanor of their employment contract. ( 119 )

Herbert. Bob. “Laid Off and Left Out. ” The New York Times 25 May 2006. NYTimes. com. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.

Whilst reexamining Louis Uchitelle’s book. “The Disposable American: Layoffs and Their Consequences. ” editorialist Bob Herbert claims that in every bit much as the better educated and those that are good or better trained do acquire better occupations. the world is that there is insufficiency of available good occupations that is adequate to run into the demand for these persons. Many occupations can non back up the employees any longer. Many people that are laid off from a occupation is because the company can non afford to hold them ; non because of their work quality. This article was utile because while some companies get back-lash for immense layoffs. a batch of the times it was the companies last resort.

In an article “Downsizing: Are Employers Reneging on Their Social Promise” by Larry Gross published in 2001 by CPCU Journal claims that ending an employee that has been hardworking and valuable to a company breaks the contract between the employee and employer. This agrees with the article “Laid Off and Left Out” by Bob Herbert published by The New York Times in 2006 because both articles agree that interrupting the employee-employer contract does damage to the company’s repute and drive high-value employees. In contrast to the article from Larry Gross. Bob Herbert says in his article that there are many qualified people that would be hired by company if the company could afford to engage them. Bob Herbert’s article was less bias because he made the point in the company’s defence in some instances both employee and employer suffer from downsizing.

McKee. Andrea. “Costs of Low Wages Paid by the Fast-food Industry. ” Journalists Resource RSS. Harvard Kennedy School’s Shorenstein Center. 05 Feb. 2013. Web. 13 Apr. 2014.

This article talks about the issue of fast-food leaders being accused of promoting their workers to subscribe up for plans that are paid by the taxpayer’s dollar ; in order to maintain their rewards low and net incomes up. This article focuses on how the cost of populating continues to lift. and 1000000s of low-wage workers holding to acquire by on federal and province plans for basic necessities. The article explains that while many believe most employees of major fast-food are immature grownups populating with their parents. that 68 % of employees are single/married grownups. with/without kids. It discusses how if fast-food companies took a little part out of the budget that about all qualified employees could have the benefits they need. The article stated that McDonalds have started to give employees Affordable Health Care and both employees and employer have benefited. This article was really utile because it taught me that supplying employees with the benefits they deserve will better concern moralss.

Sam. Gillbert. “Business Ethics. ” Business Ethics RSS. World Press- Business Ethics. 14 Nov. 13. Web. 13 Apr. 2014.

“Business Ethics” discusses how a company’s moral beliefs about cut downing waste for the environment can be a benefit for the environment and cut down their cost. It besides gives easy suggestions to cut down waste costs. This article focuses on the retail concerns. The article explains that waste is an issue for all retail operations because of the demand to take in and unpack big Numberss of single points and so show and box them up on a regular footing. It discusses how little stairss can do large alterations in a company’s waste. The writer portions the California’s Department of Resources and Recycling advice for retail companies: cut down reuse. and recycle. This article was really utile because it gives many little suggestions that any concern can utilize ; such as giving clients the pick of holding their points bagged- or giving a price reduction to those who bring their ain. They besides suggest donated any clearance points that the concern programs on throwing out.

In an article “Costs of Low Wages Paid by the Fast-food Industry. ” by Andrea McKee published by Harvard Kennedy School’s Shorenstein Center in 2013 discusses the issue employees that work in the low-wage fast-food industry are deprived of basic benefits with long hours and are encouraged to utilize plans paid by the taxpayer. This agrees with the article “Business Ethics” published by Business Ethics RSS in 2014 because both articles touch on how little alterations in a company that have good betterments for employees and the environment can really convey in long-run net incomes with a little cost. The article “Business Ethics” is about companies that make little alterations to cut waste and assist the environment. These alterations boosted the lesson of the company and raised net incomes. “Cost of Low Wages Paid by the Fast-food Industry” stated that eating houses that started offering benefits to employees were experiences a lower turnover rate and employees were working expeditiously. In contrast to the article from Andrea Mckee. “Business Ethics RSS” gives suggestions that any company could utilize to cut costs and waste while “Cost of Low Wages Paid by the Fast-food Industry” focused on the negative factors that come with ignoring employees demands in order to salvage money.

Schwepps. Cadbury. “Ethical Business Practices”- Business-Case Study LLP. ”Conclusion. The Times 100. n. d. Web. 13 Apr. 2014. This case-study discusses the different results of an organisations moral judgements of right and incorrect concern patterns. It besides discusses the principle for rejecting the path that would take to the biggest short-run net income in order to stay a good ethical repute. The article goes into the many benefits of being an ethical concern. The writer states that holding an ethical concern attracts clients to the firm’s merchandises and hence hiking net incomes. The article says that employees will desire to remain with the concern that patterns honest moral which reduces labour turnover and increases productiveness. The writer taught me that ethically right concern will pull job-seekers to your concern which will cut down enlisting costs and increase gifted employees. Unethical behaviour will damage a firm’s repute and do it less appealing to stakeholders. A originative and good managed concern and societal duty plan is in the best involvements of everyone involved.

Street. Marc D. . and Vera L. Street. Taking Sides: Colliding Positions in Management. McGraw-Hill Contemporary Learning Series. 2007. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.

In the article debut to “social duty. ” Hay and Gray argue that organisations and corporations should widen their duty to more than merely doing or maximising on net incomes. They base their statement on stakeholder theory. which they present in a historical mode of how direction thought has evolved on the bounds of corporation duty. The stakeholder is a theory of organisational direction and concern moralss that addresses ethical motives and values in pull offing an organisation. There was a chart in the article that shows the groups that are stakeholders of a corporation. and both describes and recommends methods by which direction can assist increase the involvements of those groups. This article addressed the “Principle of Who or What Really Counts. ”

The article “Ethical Business Practices” by Cadbury Scheppes published by The Times 100 discusses the theory that concern that pattern morally right concern attracts the best employees. The article says that concern that handle their employees ethically get the best work from those employees because the employees “like” the company they work for. This agrees with the article “Taking Sides: Colliding Positions in Management” published by McGraw-Hill Contemporary Learning Series in 2007 because both articles discus the many ebenfit companies receive when the employees trust in the company The both agree that the happier the employee the better quality work they will bring forth which leads to higher net incomes. In contrast to Cadbury Scheppes. “Taking Sides: Colliding Positions in Management” brings the stakeholder theory into his statement to do his point stronger.

Thompson. Robert B. “Insider Trading. Investor Harm. and Executive Compensation. ” Case W. Res. L. Rev. 50 ( 1999 ) : 291. Print.

Robert B. Thompson who is a legal bookman brings to the bow the statement posited by Henry Manne on the inside ordinance. Thompson breaks down the position and the significance of the place taken by Henry Manne three decennaries ago after he had published his seminal paper. Henry had used three cardinal premises to support his statements on the insider trading in the twelvemonth 1996. However. today. three decennaries subsequently. Henry`s statements still remain as relevant and as alive in the ordinance debates. It is still clear that despite holding been through several and at odds attacks. there still lacks a coherent and crystallised attack to the inquiry of legalising insider trading.

Tushoski. Michael. “Walmart Accepted Clothing from Banned Bangladesh Factories. ” Top Stories RSS. ProPublica. 12 June 13. Web. 12 Apr. 2014. This article discusses the issue of big retailors doing morally corrupt determinations in order to salvage a vaulting horse. The world’s largest retail shop. Walmart. said they cut all concern with mills that have serious or repeated safety jobs. labour misdemeanors or unauthorised subcontracting. This article focuses on a certain mill called Bangladeshi that collapsed and killed more than 1. 100 and how Walmart tried to acquire away with accepting concern from them without acquiring public recoil. This article focuses on how seeking to pattern unmoral ways hurts concerns in many ways ; even giant corporations like Walmart.

The article explains that once it was out that Walmart was still making concern with mills that they themselves put on a banned list. it lost many clients and employees. It discusses that with the on-going repute of cutting corners and squeezing pennies. providers besides question Walmart’s ability to supervise its supply concatenation every bit good as its attempts to guarantee nice working conditions in mills located in low-wage states. This article was helpful because it showed that making the incorrect thing to do money finally costs more money than it would if a company did the right thing from the start.

In an article “Insider Trading. Investor Harm. and Executive Compensation. ” by Robert Thompson published in 1999 discusses the injury insider trading does to investors of a company. Thompson states that insider trading is morally corrupt because it is unjust and greedy to utilize information that is non available to the populace in order to profit and protect themselves. This agrees with the article “Walmart Accepted Clothing from Banned Bangladesh Factories” by Michael Tushowski published in 2013 because this article reviews how corporations such as Walmart makes unethical determinations that the populace is incognizant of and how companies try and hide information from the populace that could ache their concern. In contrast. Tushowski’s article explains how Walmart sent out a public papers that listed mills they would no longer work with because of insecure on the job conditions. yet was caught making concern with them. Using a real-life illustration made his point really clear.

Cite this page

Ethics in Business: Annotated Bibliography. (2017, Sep 25). Retrieved from

Remember! This essay was written by a student

You can get a custom paper by one of our expert writers

Order custom paper Without paying upfront