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Flute History and Manufacturers Research Paper

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    The word “Flute” first came around in France during the 12th century. This word was used to describe the flute and the recorder. By the 14th century the flute appears in European countries like Spain and France. Flutes were popular in the Italian musical scene in the 16th century. Throughout time the flute basically stayed the same instrument. Major improvements were made early in the 1700’s by the Jean Hotteterre family. The Hotterterre family changed the flute from one piece to three pieces. There were six small tone holes and a key was added that produced an E-flat. By 1760, more keys were added for more variety of tones, G-sharp, B-flat and F keys were added by flute makers in London.

    Famous Performers

    Marcel Moyse was one of the most influential flutists of the twentieth century, in France and United States. Moyse entered the Paris Conservatory in 1905. Moyse was awarded the premier prix in 1906. He played principal flute at the Opéra-Comique from 1913 to 1938. Before World War I, Moyse took part in world ballet premieres. While in Europe, Moyse played under the batons of conductors such as Prokofiev and Stravinsky. In 1934, Moyse put together the Moyse Trio with his son Louis as pianist and daughter-in-law Blanche Honegger as violinist. Moyse taught at both the Paris Conservatory from 1932-1940 and at the Geneva Conservatory until 1949, when he emigrated from Argentina to North America.

    There he became one of the founders of the Marlboro Music Festival, where he taught from 1949 to 1966. From 1961 until his death, he gave yearly master classes for flutists and woodwind players in Brattleboro, VT, and Switzerland and England. Herbert Jay Solomon also known as Herbie Mann was an American jazz flautist. His first professional performance was playing a resort at age 15. In the 1950s, Mann was primarily a bop flutist, playing in combos with artists such as Phil Woods. In 1959, he recorded Flutista, an album of Afro-Cuban jazz. In 1961 Mann toured Brazil, returning to the United States to record with Brazilian musicians, including Antonio Carlos Jobim and guitarist Baden Powell.. In

    the late 1970s and early 1980s Mann played duets at New York City’s Bottom Line and Village Gate clubs, with Sarod virtuso Vasant Rai. His last appearance was on May 3, 2003, at the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival and he died less than two months later on July 1, 2003 at the age of 73. Famous composers
    Giulio Briccialdi, a flutist and composer, was born in Termi in 1818. Briccialdi first studied the flute with his father. Briccialdi fled to Rome after his father died to avoid pressure from his family to enter the priesthood. In Rome he supported himself with his flute playing, while studying composition. Briccialdi best work is the “Carnival of Venice”. Briccialdi’s body of work also includes several books of etudes and woodwind quintets. Johann Joachim Quantz was one of the first professional flute players in 18th century Europe. Quantz began as a town musician, means he was trained to play all instruments, but after getting a spot in the Dresden court ensemble, he began to play flute in 1719. In 1741, Quantz entered the service of Frederick the Great of Prussia. Quantz made flutes, composed, and performed for the king until his death. Repertoire
    These sites show the most famous and well known solo pieces and concertos composed for flute. Famous Orchestras
    In 1908, The musical association of San Francisco decided to create the San Francisco symphony. The San Francisco symphony has been in progress for about 104 years. The LA Philharmonic is now in its 94th season and is
    recognized as one of the world’s outstanding orchestras.

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