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Gandhi’s Vision for India

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    Near the start of the twentieth century, India pursuit for national identity concentrates on achieving individualism from British rule. Indian nationalism put the British Empire’s grasp on India at risk. Because of the development of extensive railway system across India to make possible the export of natural resources brought about the conception of national unity by passing the people of the subcontinent in easy contact to each other. Furthermore, the British knew that small party of foreigners could not manage and regulate large country of India.

    Therefore, the British form elite of intellectual Indian bureaucrats to control the country. The European structure of education made acquainted the middle-class intelligent Indians with the traditional values of the European culture. Those values, nonetheless -democratic system, personal liberty, and equal opportunity- were the direct opposite of the empire, and the native Indians citizens encouraged nationalist movements. During the Great War, the Indian nationalist formed two organizations, the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League that opposed the British to bring self-rule to India in order to gain independence for India.

    As the war continues, goods and foods were scarce which led to social disgruntlement among British colonizers. The British government reacted to the rise of nationalist movement that came in the awaken of peace agreement with a sequence of oppressive actions that lead to an outbreak of violence and chaos throughout the Indian subcontinent. Into this chaos, came Mohandas Gandhi. He set off to South Africa to receive a position with an Indian organization, and from there he engaged in organizing Indian society against racial separation that singled out Indians as second class citizens.

    During his stay in South Africa, Gandhi utilized the moral philosophy of ahimsa, tolerance and nonviolence, and formed the practice of passive resistance that he named Satyagraha. Gandhi thought that his strategy of nonviolent resistance would touch the hearts of the British and change their thoughts. Moreover, Gandhi wrote about his theories of Satyagraha in a pamphlet called “Indian Home Rule”. This essay examines the Gandhi’s conceptions of specific aspects from his pamphlet, “Indian Home Rule”: Gandhi’s views of modern civilization and true civilization, why Hindus and Muslims will be able to live in peace, and

    Gandhi’s strategy of getting the British out of India. In the pamphlet, Gandhi compares the modern civilization of the European society which has self destructing qualities to real civilization which is the cradle or uprightness. He mentioned a series of flaws about the modern civilization. Anyone can publish a book of no value that can deceive people’s minds from the truth. Because the temptation for money and luxury, men obliged to work at the risk of their lives by accepting unsafe occupations in hazardous conditions of a factory. Furthermore, thousands of life can be taken by one man with a gun.

    If other inhabitants of different countries are not adapted to the European customs of society, they are considered barbarians; thus, they need to be civilized. Women are behaving as harlots, wandering in the streets or they force to work in factories. Gandhi concluded that this type of civilization is irreligion because they lack morality and religion; thus, they have no true physical strength or courage. On the other hand, Gandhi associates real civilization to the culture of India. He emphasizes that a civilization with good conducts and allows morality to achieve self-control over ones’ mind and ones’ passion is a true civilization.

    Also, Gandhi discusses why Hindus and the Muslims will be able to live in peace. Because both religion groups focus on achieving same goal of contributing to God’s will on earth as it is in heaven, they realize religious wars were suicidal, and that neither group would forsake their religion by force weaponry; thus, the Hindus and Muslims choose to live in peace with one another. Gandhi concluded that Hindus and Muslims are fellow countrymen in India; thus, they will have to dwell in harmony with each other if only for their own religious reasons.

    Moreover, Gandhi talks about his strategy of nonviolent acts to get the British out of India. Gandhi uses the method passive resistance to sway the hearts of British to stop racial acts against the citizens of India. According to Gandhi, “Passive resistance is a method of securing rights by personal suffering. The fact that there are so many men still alive in the world shows that it based not on the force of arms but on the force of truth or love” [qtd. in Overfield 46]. Furthermore, Gandhi concluded, “Passive resistance is an all-sided sword; it can be used anyhow; it blesses him who ses it and hi against whom it is used. Without drawing a drop of blood, it produces far-reaching results” [qtd. in Overfield 46]. In closing, the purpose of Mohandas Gandhi’s pamphlet, Indian Home Rule, to motivate Indian nationalists to strive toward gaining independence from British rule. Hoping that those Gandhi theories of Satyagraha would be successful against the British rule, a group of Indians nationalists support the force to throw out the British.

    Worked Cited

    Overfield, James et al. Mohandas Gandhi, Indian Home Rule. Boston,MA: Wadsworth, Cengage learning, 2009-2012. Print

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