“In this era of computer advancements and technological breakthroughs Hackers, Computer Pirates and Virus Creators while there actions are similar there motives can differ, Shamus Ford reports. ” In today’s society computer crimes such as Hacking, Computer Piracy and Virus Creation are on the rise. The internet is the most common place computer crimes occur with 77% of attacks occurring via the internet while 33% from an internal system. There are a variety of motives for computer crimes.
Research conducted by the Computer Crime Research Center on march 10th 2004 http://www. crime-research. org/news/10. 03. 2004/126/ states that the main goals and motives of computer criminals are as follows: profit – 57. 3%, hooligan motives – 18. 3%, revenge – 9. 2%, commercial espionage or sabotage 10. 6%. Hacking is the most commonly known computer crime; however people refer to hacking as committing any criminal act using a computer while this is not the case.
Hacking is equivalent to breaking and entering however instead of breaking into a house you break some ones computer security and entering is equivalent to accessing someone’s computer files, once in, they steel you files and use them for personal befit. While it is not a prerequisite most hackers are also virus creators. There are two main kinds of hackers black hat and white hat hackers, black hat hackers are the ones who are there for malicious purposes such as steeling/storing or vandalising data. While white hat hackers are legally intrudes who are hired by administrators to test there system for security flaws.
There are also many other variants such as gray hat hackers which is between black hat and white hat hackers. Piracy or more commonly referred to as software piracy is any act that involves the unauthorized copying of computer software. While many people know that copying software is illegal some ignore this and proceeded with duplicating it anyway. The Image Below (Figure 4) shows relative ranking by piracy rate of seven regions, as categorized by IDC. While it was predicted that piracy would rise in 2009 due to the global recession this was not the ase, anti-piracy campaigns held strong.
It is difficult to track software pirates because it is easy to hide computer information however software piracy dose not come without risks, a study conducted by the IDC in 2006 states that “one in four websites that offered pirated software or counterfeit activation keys attempted to install infectious computer code, like Trojan horses and key loggers, on test computers. Even more striking, 59% of the counterfeit software or key generators downloaded from peer-to-peer (P2P) sites contained malicious or unwanted code.
The infectious computer code is often written by hackers who try to gain you information; hackers are also one of the biggest pirates. In the same study it is also revealed the recovery costs from a security incident due to downloading pirated software can cost more than $100,000, which on general is more then the software cost to buy it. There are many benefits for lowering software piracy the IDC predicts for every $1 spent $3-$4 is created in revenue also it the worlds piracy is cut down by 10% it will create 491,526 jobs world wide.
Virus Creation is one of the most harmful forms of computer crime, with infectious and often malicious software. Virus creators are usually hackers who spread there creations across the world claiming it is full working illegal software, the unsuspecting pirate downloads the file and is instantly infected with a program that can range from something to eat up computer memory to one that steels your private data. This is not the only way viruses can travel however, there are many formats available such as self replicating over the Local Area Network (LAN), or on removable memory such as floppy disks, CD’s, or USB drives.
Why are Computer viruses created? Virus can be written to prove to people that you are a good programmer however more often then not they are written for criminals to con people out of there personal information, steel money from banks electronically etc. In conclusion in this ever increasing world of technology, more and more computer crimes are being committed. How ever there are ways to prevent your self from being hacked or your system being infected with viruses such methods are to avoid suspicious sites, don’t download illegal software, have an up-to-date anti-virus and firewall.
While these suggestions will protect you from virus and hackers it dose not solve the issue of software piracy. There are many ways software company’s can reduce software piracy such as reducing cots of product, online validation, publish your own fake pirated version of your software that informs the police of who downloaded it. All in all, the cyber world is vast and no one can be every where at once so if you’re smart enough you’ll survive.
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