Michel-Guillaume-Jean de Crevecoeur is best known for his letters, essays and pamphlets that he wrote about America. These literary works were shipped to and published overseas. They are also the main reason that Mr.
Crevecoeur is credited for bringing in more immigrants to America than any other single person in American History.He is also the person who created and defined the phrase, “The American Dream. Michel-Guillaume-Jean de Crevecoeur’s use of compare and contrast along with parallelism, are his greatest literary contributions in the emerging American literary times during the colonial period. Throughout Michel-Guillaume-Jean de Crevecoeur’s Letter III, What is an American, he uses a lot of compare and contrast, which is conveyed through parallelism.
This was a very effective way in showing the people in Europe how much better he thought America was. Mr. Crevecoeur uses the term here/we to represent America and there/they to represent Europe.He does this as a way to describe America in a positive manner, such as, “Here are no aristocratical families, no courts, no kings, no bishops, no ecclesiastical dominion, no invisible power giving to a few a very visible one, no great manufacturers employing thousands, no great refinements of luxury.
” This quote simply means that in America, at that time, you did not have to answer to a person of royalty or to a person of the church. As Americans, you did not have someone dictating your every move.Another quote that states that same statement is, “We have no princes, for whom we toil, starve, and bleed; we are the most perfect society now existing in the world. Here man is free as he ought to be; nor is this pleasing equality so transitory as many others are.
” Michel-Guillaume-Jean de Crevecoeur also uses symbolism to describe man. He refers to Americans as plants, like in the sentence “Men are like plants; the goodness and flavor of the fruit proceeds form the peculiar soil and exposition in which they grow.We are nothing but what we derive from the air we breathe, the climate we inhabit, the government we obey, the system of religion we profess, and the nature of our employment. ” Michel-Guillaume-Jean de Crevecoeur describes the American settlers in four different categories.
When he describe the settlers along the coast, he says “Those who live near the sea feed more on fish than on flesh, and often encounter that boisterous element. This renders them more bold and enterprising; this leads them to neglect the confined occupations of the land. ” These settlers are more sophisticated and more educated.They were leaders who needed to be around other people and were known as the “Framers of the Government.
” He describes those that settled more towards the middle settlements as “by far the most numerous, must be very different; the simple cultivation of the earth purifies them, both the indulgences of the government, the soft remonstrances of religion, the rank of independent freeholders, must necessarily inspire them with sentiments very little known in Europe among people of the same class. ” These were small towns that were predominately-farming communities.When talking about the ones who settled just outside the middle colonies, he says ” If you recede still farther from the sea, you will come into more modern settlements; they exhibit the same strong lineaments in a ruder appearance. Religion seems to have less influence, and their manners are less improved.
These were people who were less Sophisticated and less educated. They were laid back and more independent. They did not like rules and laws. And finally he describes the settlers to the farthest from the coast as “there men seem to be placed still farther beyond the reach of government, which in some measure leaves them to themselves.
These settlers were considered the wilderness types, renegades and outlaws. They were the least happy with laws and rules. They were pioneers, the most adventuresome of them all. Michel-Guillaume-Jean de Crevecoeur also used a lot of rhetorical questions in his writings.
This is a great method of persuasion. One of the greatest questions that Mr. Crevecoeur asks his read is, What is an American? He answers the question as “He is either an European or the descendant of an European, hence that strange mixture of blood, which you will find in no other country.I could point our to you a family whose grandfather was an Englishman, whose wife was Dutch, whose son married a French woman, and whose present four sons have now four wives of different nations.
He is an American who, leaving behind him all his ancient prejudices and manners, receives new ones from the new mode of life he has embraced, the new government he obeys, and the new rank he holds. He becomes an American by being received in the broad lap of our great Alma Mater. ” Michel-Guillaume-Jean de Crevecoeur also refers to the American as “a new man, who acts upon new principles; he must therefore entertain new ideas and form new opinions.From involuntary idleness, servile dependence, penury, and ample subsistence.
– This is an American. ” In Conclusion, Michel-Guillaume-Jean de Crevecoeur uses many methods in writing his letters, his use of Compare and Contrast along with Parallelisms were his greatest contribution in the emerging American literary times during the Colonial period. His lines have been used on the Statue of Liberty, and in many patriotic songs such as God Bless America. The way he compares America to Europe in his writings is the main reason that so many people emigrated to America during the Colonial times.One of his most powerful comparisons is, “Ye poor Europeans, ye who seat and work for the great-ye who are obliged to give so many shaves to the church, so many to your lords, so many to your government, and have hardly any left for yourselves-ye who are held in less estimation than favorite hunters or useless lapdogs-ye who only breathe the air of nature, because it cannot be withheld from you; it is here that ye can conceive the possibility of those feelings I have been describing; it is here the laws of naturalization invite everyone to partake of our great labors and felicity, to till unrented, untaxed lands! “