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The major endocrine glands flash card

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    Question Answer
    Where are the major endocrine glands located? In the brain, neck, abdomen, and groin
    Which gland is called the "master gland"? Pituitary gland
    What are the parts of the nervous system? brain, spinal cord, neurons
    Which body system produces hormones? Endocrine
    Which body system transmits information throughout the body? Nervous
    Which body system passes hereditary information to the next generation? Reproductive
    What is a stimulus? a factor that causes a response or reaction in an organism
    What is a response? The reaction of an organism; the reaction to a stimulus
    What is an internal stimulus? A stimulus that comes from inside the body
    What is an external stimulus? A stimulus that comes from outside the body
    What is homeostasis or maintaining balance? The body adjusting to remain balanced or in equilibrium in an organism
    What gland is located in the neck? Thyroid gland
    What is metabolism? The rate at which your cells use energy from food (how fast your body burns the energy from food); how your body breaks down the food you eat to use for energy
    Which gland is responsible for growth? Pituitary Gland
    Which gland is responsible for regulating the level of sugar in the blood? Pancreas
    Which body system(s) is the pancreas part of? Endocrine and Digestive
    Which body system responds and adjusts to changes in the environment? Nervous
    Which type or division of the nervous system includes the brain and spinal cord? The central nervous system
    Which type or division of the nervous system includes the nerves all around the body? The peripheral nervous system
    What hormone does the pancreas secrete? Insulin
    What hormone do the testes produce? Testosterone
    What hormone do the ovaries produce? Estrogen
    What is the purpose of the reproductive system? To ensure the survival of the species
    What type of stimulus most likely causes a person to vomit? Internal stimulus
    What type of stimulus most likely causes an antelope to flee (run away from) the water hole? External stimulus
    How many egg cells does a woman produce each DAY? None, she is born with a lifetime supply
    Why are the testes located outside the body? So the sperm do not overheat and die
    What might happen if your thymus was not working properly? You would not be able to fight off infections
    Where are the adrenal glands located? On top of the kidneys
    What hormone do the adrenal glands release? Adrenaline
    What is a hormone? A chemical produced by a gland that targets a specific tissue or area in the body
    What is a gland? An organ in the body where a hormone is produced
    Which body system do the testes belong to? Reproductive and Endocrine
    Which body system do the ovaries belong to? Reproductive and Endocrine
    Which body system does testosterone belong in? Endocrine
    Which body system does estrogen belong in? Endocrine
    Which body system is contains a gland that is responsible for regulating sugar levels in the blood? Endocrine
    What does the thyroid gland do? It helps with your metabolism
    What system passes the heredity information on to the offspring of a species? The reproductive system
    What is the main function of the reproductive system? To ensure the survival of the species
    Which system transmits information throughout the body? Nervous
    What is one of the main functions of the endocrine system? To secrete hormones to regulate the body's growth
    Internal or External Stimulus: Smelling brownies External
    Internal or External Stimulus: Watching a baseball game External
    Internal or External Stimulus: Feeling hungry Internal
    Internal or External Stimulus: Feeling like you are going to throw up Internal
    What is the main function of the nervous system? To respond and adjust to changes in the environment; to control conscious and unconscious actions to keep the body in balance
    Internal or External Stimulus: Having a fever Internal
    How do hormones made by endocrine glands get to other parts of the body? Through the blood/bloodstream
    Which system controls the chemical balance of the body? Endocrine
    If the body is attempting to maintain balance, what is it trying to do? Return to the normal level for the body
    The control center of the nervous system is the… ? Brain
    The main passageway for information traveling through the nervous system is the… ? Spinal Cord
    These allow the body to sense changes in the environment – Nerves

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