The major endocrine glands flash card

Question Answer
Where are the major endocrine glands located? In the brain, neck, abdomen, and groin
Which gland is called the “master gland”? Pituitary gland
What are the parts of the nervous system? brain, spinal cord, neurons
Which body system produces hormones? Endocrine
Which body system transmits information throughout the body? Nervous
Which body system passes hereditary information to the next generation? Reproductive
What is a stimulus? a factor that causes a response or reaction in an organism
What is a response? The reaction of an organism; the reaction to a stimulus
What is an internal stimulus? A stimulus that comes from inside the body
What is an external stimulus? A stimulus that comes from outside the body
What is homeostasis or maintaining balance? The body adjusting to remain balanced or in equilibrium in an organism
What gland is located in the neck? Thyroid gland
What is metabolism? The rate at which your cells use energy from food (how fast your body burns the energy from food); how your body breaks down the food you eat to use for energy
Which gland is responsible for growth? Pituitary Gland
Which gland is responsible for regulating the level of sugar in the blood? Pancreas
Which body system(s) is the pancreas part of? Endocrine and Digestive
Which body system responds and adjusts to changes in the environment? Nervous
Which type or division of the nervous system includes the brain and spinal cord? The central nervous system
Which type or division of the nervous system includes the nerves all around the body? The peripheral nervous system
What hormone does the pancreas secrete? Insulin
What hormone do the testes produce? Testosterone
What hormone do the ovaries produce? Estrogen
What is the purpose of the reproductive system? To ensure the survival of the species
What type of stimulus most likely causes a person to vomit? Internal stimulus
What type of stimulus most likely causes an antelope to flee (run away from) the water hole? External stimulus
How many egg cells does a woman produce each DAY? None, she is born with a lifetime supply
Why are the testes located outside the body? So the sperm do not overheat and die
What might happen if your thymus was not working properly? You would not be able to fight off infections
Where are the adrenal glands located? On top of the kidneys
What hormone do the adrenal glands release? Adrenaline
What is a hormone? A chemical produced by a gland that targets a specific tissue or area in the body
What is a gland? An organ in the body where a hormone is produced
Which body system do the testes belong to? Reproductive and Endocrine
Which body system do the ovaries belong to? Reproductive and Endocrine
Which body system does testosterone belong in? Endocrine
Which body system does estrogen belong in? Endocrine
Which body system is contains a gland that is responsible for regulating sugar levels in the blood? Endocrine
What does the thyroid gland do? It helps with your metabolism
What system passes the heredity information on to the offspring of a species? The reproductive system
What is the main function of the reproductive system? To ensure the survival of the species
Which system transmits information throughout the body? Nervous
What is one of the main functions of the endocrine system? To secrete hormones to regulate the body’s growth
Internal or External Stimulus: Smelling brownies External
Internal or External Stimulus: Watching a baseball game External
Internal or External Stimulus: Feeling hungry Internal
Internal or External Stimulus: Feeling like you are going to throw up Internal
What is the main function of the nervous system? To respond and adjust to changes in the environment; to control conscious and unconscious actions to keep the body in balance
Internal or External Stimulus: Having a fever Internal
How do hormones made by endocrine glands get to other parts of the body? Through the blood/bloodstream
Which system controls the chemical balance of the body? Endocrine
If the body is attempting to maintain balance, what is it trying to do? Return to the normal level for the body
The control center of the nervous system is the… ? Brain
The main passageway for information traveling through the nervous system is the… ? Spinal Cord
These allow the body to sense changes in the environment – Nerves

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