This survey was conducted to find the degree of Awareness on Drug Education Among BS. Criminology of BSU-JPLPC Students during the school twelvemonth 2010-2011. It involved one hundred ( 100 ) selected BS. Criminology pupils as respondents of the survey. The research workers employed the descriptive correlativity method of research. A questionnaire was used to garner informations. The figure of respondents statistically determined through the usage of the slovin’s expression at 5 % fringy mistake. Frequency. per centum. weighted average and chi-square were used to find the important relationship of the student’s profile and the degree of consciousness.
Specifically. it sougth replies to the undermentioned inquiries: What is the profile of the respondents in the footings of: age. sex. educational background of parents ; employment of the parent ; and media exposure? Second. What is the degree if in drug instruction among BS. Criminology of BSU-JPLPC pupils in footings of: Commonly abuse ; effects on wellness ; effects on community/society ; effects on family/ school ; and drug bar plan? It there a important relationship between the degree of consciousness on drug and the profile of the pupils such as age. sex. educational attainment of the parents and employment of the parent and media exposure? Costly. What is the deduction of the survey to drug instruction direction?
This survey was guided by the void hypothesis that there was no important relationship between the pupil profile and degree of consciousness of BS. Criminology of BSU-JPLPC pupils on drug instruction.
After the analysis and reading of the information gathered. the research worker found out the followers: With respects to the profile of the respondents. out of 100 respondents 49 or 49 % belong to ages 16-18 with meant that bulk of the respondents belong to school age. 46 fell on the ages 22-25. For the sex. it was found out that there were 75 or 75 % male and 25 or 25 % female. As to educational attainment of parent. father’s educational fell on the high school degree with 47 or 47 % .
In footings educational attainment of female parent. it fell besides on high school degree with 40 or 40 % . In footings of employment position of parents. father’s employment position fell on employed with 68 or 68 % . As to the employment position of female parent. it fell on unemployed position with 69 or 69 % .
Sing the degree of consciousness on drug instruction among BS. Criminology of BSU-JPLPC pupil in footings of normally abused. effects on wellness. effects on community/society. family/school. and drug bar plan. On the degree of consciousness on drugs that were normally abuse. methamphetamine ranked the highest with a leaden mean of 30 % . On the consequence on wellness. wakefulness got the highest rank with a leaden mean of 35 % .
On the consequence on the community/society. colza ranked first with a leaden mean of 21 % . Low classs and Fight. on the effects of drugs to family/school. got highest rank with a leaden mean which was15 % . On the degree of consciousness about drug barrun being conducted by school. authorities. civic organisation and other establishment. parental advice with a leaden mean of 25 % ranked first.
On the analysis of relationship between the respondent’s profile and degree of consciousness to drug instruction as to age. the computed value of 6. 40 was less than 15. 507 at. 05 degree of significance that led to the credence of the void hypothesis. therefore. there was no important relationship between the age and the degree of consciousness on drug instruction. As to sex. the obtained computed value of 0. 83 was less than 9. 488 which was the critical value at. 05 degree of significance taking to the credence of the void hypothesis. therefore. there was no important relationship between the sex and the degree of consciousness on drug instruction.
As to educational attainment of parent based from the calculation. the consequence was 17. 68 which was less than the tabular value of 31. 410 at. 05 degree of significance with led to the credence of the void hypothesis. therefore. there was no important relationship between the educational attainment of male parent and consciousness on drug instruction. The educational attainment of female parent obtained computed value of 31. 410 which led to the rejection of the void hypothesis taking to a important relationship between the variables.
The educational attainment of female parent affected the degree of consciousness of the pupils as the consequence of the findings. The pupils showed most of their fondness to their female parent. and because of the high degree of educational attainment of female parent they had cognition and consciousness on drug instruction and helped them to steer and to give support to their kids. As to the employment position of parents. the computed value of 3. 12 was less than 9. 488 at. 05 degree of significance that led to the credence of the void hypothesis. therefore. there existed no important relationship between the employment position of male parent and degree of consciousness on drug instruction.
Some with the employment position of female parent where the computed value of 0. 94 was less than the tabular value of 9. 488. which led to the credence of the void hypothesis that there existed no important relationship between the employment position of female parent and degree of consciousness on drug instruction. With respects to media exposure. the computed value of 103. 093 which was greater than the tabular value of 26. 296 led to the rejection of the void hypothesis that there was important relationship between the media exposure and degree of consciousness.
In the visible radiation of the important findings revealed in the survey. the undermentioned decisions were made: Out of 100 respondents. bulk belonged to the age of 16-18 and most were made. Employed male parent had the highest per centum while unemployed female parent besides got the highest per centum. In the educational attainment of parents. high school alumnus got the highest per centum on both male parent and female parent. On the point types of media and sort of information which the respondents get about drug bar and dependence. bulk of the respondents were really good expose on telecasting which got the mean.
Majority of the respondents were cognizant of methamphetamine as the most commonly abuse drug. Sleeplessness was the first in rank as the most commonly consequence of drug to heath. Rape was ranked as the common offense in the community/society as a consequence of drug dependence. Rebellion was the most common manifestation of drug dependence in the household and school. Parental advice was noted as the most effectual manner of drug bar. There was no important relationship between the profile and the degree of consciousness except in educational attainment of female parent and media exposure.
Based on the decision research worker in the survey. it is recommended that decision maker and the remainder of the module member should form seminars/symposium about drugs to supply pupils with accurate information and promote them to take part in curricular activities which farther enhance mental wellness. They must give accent in learning about drug instruction which are include in the capable sociology. wellness and ROTC. It is farther recommendation that school publication include a part on the newspaper about drug instruction.
They may mention some existent life stay sing drugs for the pupils to go more cognizant. On the school bulletin board they may post some articles. posting and updates about drug bar and reminders about drug usage. Furthermore. parents should develop effectual agencies of communicating to their kids. They should listen to their kids. esteem their sentiment and steer them in doing wise determination. They should besides larn to give their kids duty which will commensurate to their age. and most of all. parents should take clip to see with their kids no affair community service must hold a plan educating the parent specially the female parent about drug instruction.
The research worker would wish to widen their thanks to everyone who straight contributed their aid for the fulfilment of the piece of work.
Particular thanks go besides to our friends. schoolmates and fellow criminology pupils for being a portion of his thesis. But without the counsel of our research advisor MS. MOLINA RIZO. this work may non hold been completed and we thank her for that.
The instructor. who helped and were really concerted during the distribution and aggregation of the questionnaires from the respondents.
To all the respondents specially. the Bs. Criminology. who without their aid. the information needed in this survey would non be made available.
To all our truest friends. for the support they had given all these old ages.
To the parents and counsel of the research worker for the apprehension. moral and fiscal support and supplications during the procedure of the research.
Above all. our SAVIOR JESUS CHRIST. for the countless approvals have bestowed upon us. for watching us turn throughout these old ages for maintaining us safe from this troubled universe. for doing us strong when times get unsmooth. for accepting us in malice of our defect and for giving his life for us.
IntroductionDrug instruction promotes a healthy life style and provides immature people with accurate information and clear messages about the effects of drug usage. It besides provides with interaction. communicating. decision-making and job resolution accomplishments so they are able to do informed picks about drug usage. Drugs are among the most utile agencies for alleviating hurting and agony of people. but drugs have to be taken in conformity to the doctor’s prescription. Abuse of drugs can do an illness worse. destruct blood cells. damage the organic structure or do decease.
Drugs when overly used are unsafe. Peoples say that anything prohibited arouses a individual involvement. particularly the young person who are lured by agents who use different methods to make them. Drugs cause the jobs that beset the state today. Day in twenty-four hours out. all the intelligence tells about offenses. petit larceny or grave committed. These hapless psyches seek love and attending from their equals. Many people turn to drugs believing that drugs can work out their jobs. However. in most societies at that place have been few people who have taken drugs because they were really unhappy or dissatisfied with ordinary life or possibly they thought that the drugs could give them peculiar feelings that were really much desired.
In recent old ages. drug maltreatment has been increasing at a rapid rate throughout the universe. The pattern occurs most among immature people who are looking for new esthesiss or who hope that drugs will increase their mental operation of their ability to understand themselves. Assuming that younger grownups will retain and use the information they receive about intoxicant and drug maltreatment is a common error. Repeat of the true message is the key to battling the false information.
Many immature people have experimented with drugs because they were told non to make so. and they were likely to disobey their parents or instructor merely to be rebellious. Because of this. most of the nation’s drugs instruction and bar plans are designed for younger pupils and so taper off beyond in-between school or junior high. larning few plans aiming the section of the population that is at the greatest hazard. Meneses ( 1997 ) cited that. drug instruction constructs are integrated in course of study in the third degree. It is integrated in current societal issues in National Development and in Sociology and Psychology topics.
Harmonizing to Nowlis ( 1967 ) . ”At the present clip there is no criterion or widely accepted theoretical account for be aftering an effectual drug-education plan. This is an country that desperately needs research. development and demonstration” . Pronouncement abound on the sorts of plan that should be undertaken and model course of studies are easy to happen. but difficult informations on the consequence such plans have on pupils are virtually non existent.
Given this state of affairs. the two major precedences in this field are: well-designed and tried rating techniques to mensurate the attainment of specific ends ( one time they have been defined ) in any school drug-education plan ; are a formal digest of what rating informations exist. which plans have been evaluated. what standards have been used. and what consequences have been obtained. This information should be widely disseminated to members of the educational community every bit good as to those involved in drug scheduling ( intervention. rehabilitation. intercession ) .
A plan must be ongoing. with the chance for recurrent treatments throughout the twelvemonth. Even some of the new. well-motivated plans suffer from a “crisis” attack. An rating of plans conducted showed that short-run plans. even though really sophisticated and intensive. may hold small impact on the attitudes of pupils sing the maltreatment of drugs. The survey concludes that the primary value of the undertaking is that it adds a note of cautiousness to those who would put aside a individual twenty-four hours for drug instruction and be satisfied with the consequence. Although infinite “one-shot programs” are sponsored nationally. there is small grounds that such plans have any permanent consequence.
This statistics show that 9. 9 per centum of youth’s ages 12. 17 reported current usage of illicit drugs in 1998. This estimation represents a statistically lessening from the estimation of 11. 4 per centum in 1997. The rate was the highest in 1979 ( 16. 3 per centum ) . declined to 5. 3 per centum in 1992. so increased to 10. 9 per centum in 1995. The per centum of young person reported utilizing illicit drugs has fluctuated since 1995 ( 9. 0 per centum in 1996 and 11. 4 per centum in 1997 ) . 8. 3 per centum 0f youths age 12-17 were current user of marihuana in 1998. The prevalence of marihuanas use among young person did non alter significantly between 1997 when it was 9. 4 per centum and 1998 when it was 8. 3 per centum.
Marijuana usage reached a extremum of 14. 2 per centum in 1979. declined to 3. 4 per centum in 1992. more than doubled from 1992-1995 ( 8. 2 per centum ) . and has fluctuated since so ( 7. 1 in 1996 and 9. 4 per centum in 1997 ) . The per centum of the young person utilizing inhalants decreased significantly from 2. 0 per centum in 1997 to 1. 1 per centum in 1998. An estimated 4. 1 million people fitting diagnostic standards for dependance an illicit drugs in 1997 and 1998. including 1. 1 million young persons. All beginnings confirm that the usage of drugs is widespread amongst immature people and the mean age of first drug usage is dropping. This statement inspired the research workers to carry on a survey on drug instruction. This gives much information to the research workers which added in the preparation of the job under survey.
The chief intent of this survey is to find the consciousness of the pupil about drug instruction. Since. the research workers are future criminologist and jurisprudence hatchet man who will play a important function to reassign instruction to youth. they are funny on how sections. schools and other constitution related for educating immature people about the dangers of drugs and take their function really earnestly. Linkss between drugs. subjects and relationship need to be more expressed to the students to understand the links between drug usage to their instruction. But more schools need to work towards and finally run into the standards for supplying the student’s wellness and wellbeing. They must cognize that these drugs are non merely physically enfeebling. but they besides hamper mental ability and religious growing.
The disrupted households breed criminalism and they destroy lives. And they make people dependent on the beginning of the drugs they are addicted to. Another facets of drug instruction critical to forestalling maltreatment is to supply kids and pupils the chance to hear straight from persons with first manus experience in get the better ofing drug maltreatment or from the professional drug counsellors. It besides provides the kids gain information and signifier attitudes about drugs from many including household. friends. schools. the community and the media.
This survey attempts to happen out the Degree of Awareness on Drug Education among Bachelor of Science in Criminology of Batangas State University Jose P. Laurel Polytechnic College Students. Specifically. this survey will seek on the undermentioned inquiries:
What is the profile of the respondents in footings of age. sex. educational background of parents. and employment of parents?
What is the degree of consciousness on drug instruction among Bachelor of Science in Criminology of Batangas State University Jose P. Laurel Polytechnic College pupils in footings of:
- normally abused.
- effects of wellness.
- effects on community/society.
- family/school. and5. drug bar plan?
Is there a important relationship between the degree of consciousness on drugs and the profile of the pupil such as age. sex. educational background of the parents. and employment of the parents and media exposure?
What is the deduction of the survey to drug instruction direction?
Significance of the Study
The consequence of this survey would be utile and valuable to the school disposal. teachers. pupils. parents and community leaders.For the school disposal. to do agreements for the instruction forces and pupils to be after and originate consciousness Sessionss related to drugs and jobs countenance and organize public dealingss and communications among module and pupils.
For the teachers. they may be able to cognize their pupil and be sensitive to their demands and jobs and supplying them adequate information about drugs.For pupils. this survey will assist them to derive much more information about drugs. This may besides assist them to larn to get by with their jobs and other emphasiss without the usage of drugs.For the parents. they exert a profound influence on their children’s lives by functioning as theoretical accounts for steering them to hold adequate information about drugs and supplying them consistent subject.
For the community leaders. the demand to be after and implement societal action plans affecting the pupils and this include the young person development plans sing drugs.
Scope and restrictionsThis survey aims to find the degree of Awareness on Drug Education among Bachelor of Science in Criminology of Batangas State Univetrsity Jose P. Laurel Polytechnic College twelvemonth 2010-2011.The survey will affect one hundred ( 100 ) Criminology pupils which are taken from the entire population of three hundred ( 300 ) enrolled during semester academic twelvemonth 2010-2011 through random sampling.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
This chapter presents the reviewed literature and surveies that are relevant to the present survey. Conceptual LiteratureAn article which appeared at the Filipino Daily Inquirer ( 1989 ) entitled. “The Addict is a child” . was reviewed for the thoughts relevant to this survey. It mentioned that in the metropoliss of both industrialised and developing universes. the kids were turning to drugs as a consequence of some lacks such as deficiency of proper resort area installations. deficiency of place and societal environments supplying sufficiently for such demands as fondness. apprehension. encouragement. support. meaningful friendly relationship and a feeling of personal worth. These kids were genuinely among the badly anomic and handicapped in the universe.
In an interview with Herrera ( 1990 ) . he ranked peer force per unit area as the highest cause of drug maltreatment. Then deficiency of information and parental disregard was following. Many young persons thought that to be in they have to take drugs or fume marihuana. An article appeared in the Filipino Daily Inquirer entitled “Youth Must Empower themselves to Fight Drugs ( 1998 ) . Madamba urged the young person to authorise themselves in the war against drugs.
She challenged the young person to withstand drugs and thrusters by beef uping their self-esteem and being function theoretical accounts in society. Drug maltreatment was an evil that preyed on the exposures of character. Many immature people thought that by fall backing to drugs. they could either decide interior struggles and frights or confirm their independency by withstanding authorization. Small did they recognize that the solution to their jobs can non be found on drugs but in themselves. Madamba added that parents and instructors should complement such enterprises by being argus-eyed. supplying the necessary counsel. transfusing the proper values and maintaining unfastened the lines of communicating and apprehension in places and schools.
Harmonizing to Gonzales ( 1990 ) . an academic drug instruction class could be designed to include information on the badness of drug maltreatment jobs. the susceptibleness of pupils to these jobs and the viability of alternate behaviours to drug maltreatment. On war against drug maltreatment. Vidal ( 1998 ) said that educational plans played a critical function in the overall battle against drug maltreatment. For those who have started to utilize drugs the proper instruction provided a tract to successful intercession and intervention by increasing the user’s consciousness of the dangers connected with drug maltreatment and by assisting them make the pick to halt.
In the book of Bustos ( 2002 ) . it stated that instruction and account had ever been through some signifier of media as a agency of supplying wellness information and instruction about drugs. Media had the advantage of conveying familiarity and immediateness to a subject. The literature of coggans and Watson ( 1995 ) suggested that for drug instruction attacks to be effectual they had to be audience appropriate and based on methods which took developmental influences into history. Nowlis ( 1994 ) pointed out that college pupils frequently seemed less interested in the legal and medical facts about drugs than in a personal philosophical treatment about the bounds on an individual’s right to self-discover and look.
Why do immature people take drugs? Cullen ( 1989 ) . caput of preventative and rehabilitation centre for drug dependants ( PREDA ) located in Olongapo City. wrote: “When parents come over the PREDA centre to speak about their jobs it ever do it a point to explicate to them that drug maltreatment is a symptom of something else. But normally it is a combination of personal. household and societal jobs. ” Parents could do drug maltreatment by making on unhappy place.
Some declare soldierly jurisprudence in the house and place was a rigorous government of subject and responsibility. Love were fondness are thrown into the emotional trashcan. Deprived kids would seek comfort and satisfaction elsewhere and the thrusters were all excessively willing to supply the easy agencies. Parents were non ever the cause of confused kids. The societal jobs environing the household were besides lending factors. Lack of educational chances and unemployment besides took their toll and of class poorness sapped or affected a adolescents self-respect and hope for a meaningful life. Harmonizing to Forrest ( 1999 ) . drug instruction aimed to help immature people to do informed determinations instead than stating them what to make with the “hidden” and formal course of study working together to bring forth an environment conductive to wellness publicity.
Research LiteratureMagdale ( 1986 ) studied the “Knowledge. Attitudes & A ; Practices of Drugs among High School Seniors & A ; their Teachers. in selected Secondary School of Northern Mindanao” . He found out that drug maltreatment among pupils and instructors by and large stemmed from a figure of interconnected causes in the place and in the environment. It besides huffy comparings on the extent of drug cognition. attitudes and patterns of 686 high school seniors & A ; 61 instructors in seven urban & A ; seven rural schools from selected schools in Region X. Meneses ( 1997 ) studied about “Level of cognition and attitudes towards National Drug Education Program as Associated with Characteristics of Tertiary School Students in Cagayan de Oro City” . This survey revealed the degree of cognition & A ; the attitudes of college pupils towards National Drug instruction. It was found that their was a important relationship between the degree of cognition on drug abuse the age and the classs of college pupil.
However. their was no important difference in the degree of cognition between the sex and the twelvemonth degree as cognition in drugs was concerned. Quejas ( 1996 ) . on his survey entitled “Parent – Youth Involvement against Drug Abuse” . Revealed that it could efficaciously cut down the drug job. He besides highlighted the socio-economic state of affairss where volunteerism was of good significance. Tirol ( 1998 ) . on his survey entitled “Level of Awareness of the Male and Female Students on Drug Education” . found out that there was a important grade of arrelation on the degree of consciousness of female & A ; male pupils in the facet of he types of drugs normally abused. the effects of drugs & A ; on the safeguard runs. He besides found out that there was a demand for more intensifiers airing of information through different media on drugs and the dangers of drug dependence. Synthesis of the survey
The of one mentioned surveies have similarities and differences that distinguished them from this survey. The research workers have been guided will by these surveies on how to carry on their ain probe. An article entitled ‘The Addict is a child” is relevant to the present survey because if gives the thought about grounds why kids are turning to drugs and their demands to forestall it. In an interview with Herrera were mentioned the deficiency of information and parental disregard as the highest cause of drug maltreatment which is related on the present survey in finding the extent of sensitiveness about drugs.
An article entitled “Youth Must Empower Themselves to Fight Drugs” is of import in the present survey because the instructors and parents were mentioned in the article which present research workers are concentrating on the extent of sensitiveness of the pupils about drugs sing parents as one of the factors. Gonzales gave the present research workers an thought on what was include on the drug instruction plan class on which the present research workers tend to mensurate the extent of sensitiveness of college pupils about drug instruction.
Another thought come from Bustos that media is one of the factors that influences the head of the pupils about drugs. The literature of Coggans and Watson is relevant to the present survey because it gave the thought on how drug instruction must be implemented efficaciously. Nowlis provided the present research workers the thought that the pupils were less interested in the legal and medical facts about drugs that the degree o their sensitiveness about drugs was lessen besides. Gullen gave an thought to the present survey because it mentioned the importance and engagement of parents to their kid. That normally pretermiting them will be a factor of action of prosecuting kids to drugs and some other frailties.
The present research workers got the thought from forest that immature people must hold informed determinations about drug instruction to bring forth an environment that was contributing to wellness publicity of immature people which was precisely what the research workers tended to mensurate. Vidal gave an thought to the present research workers that drug instruction played an of import function on contending drug maltreatment. Magdale’s survey is related to the present in a manner that they both attempted to happen out the degree of cognition. attitudes and patterns among the pupils and they differed in a manner that the present survey. The determination of Magdale was helpful to the present work because the research workers tended to happen out if the place and environment was one factor of holding cognition and consciousness sing drugs.
Input Process Output
Figure 1Conceptual ParadigmThe figure shows the relationship of independent variable which is the profile of the pupils ; the procedure which is the analysis and correlativity of the pupil profile to the degree of awareness towards drug instruction and its deduction to drug instruction direction. The input presents the profile of the pupils in footings of age. sex. household background dwelling of educational attainment of parents and business of parents. and the degree of awareness towards drug instruction. The procedure and the deduction as end product. Analysis and correlativity of the pupil profile is taken as the procedure and the deduction to drug instruction direction us the end product.
This chapter present the research design. the topic of the survey. the information assemblage process. the informations assemblage instrument used and the statistical intervention of informations.
The chief intent of the survey is to mensurate the extents of the sensitiveness of pupils about drug instruction in BSU-JPLPC. Malvar Campus.
For this ground. the survey made usage of descriptive – correlativity type of research. which is a fact happening research with equal reading. Harmonizing to Sanchez ( 1997 ) descriptive research includes all surveies that purport to present facts refering that nature and position of any thing. a group of individual. a figure of objects. a Saturday of status. a category of event. a system of idea or any other sort of phenomena in with may help to this survey. Correlational survey in one that determine the grade of relationship between two or more traits. behaviour. or events.
Subject of the Study
The topic involved in this survey are compose of 100 BS. Criminology pupils of Batangas State University – JPLPC Malvar Campus. This samplesize was computed based from the slovin’s expression at 5 % fringy mistake. These pupils were taken from the entire population of three hundred ( 300 ) criminology pupils through random sampling technique. See table 1 to find the entire population distribution by criminology pupils with the sample size of the survey.
The chief informations assemblage instrument was the set of questionnaire administered to the criminology pupils. The questionnaire was distributed personally by the research workers.
This questionnaire was composed of two major parts. Separate 1was concerned about the respondents profile such as sex. parental employment. age and media exposure. Separate 2 dealt with their sensed determiner of their consciousness in drug instruction. For the reading of the questionnaire the research workers used the point value graduated table with the respondents get description to the followers. and for the reading of consequences a standard was formulate and adopted.
The building of the questionnaire was done through the ego of the research advisor. Remark and suggestion were given by the advisor and other instructors to better the questionnaire. The research workers prepared the bill of exchange of the questionnaire to guarantee the content and lucidity of the points. Through the aid of the advisor and other direction. the questionnaire was checked and alterations were made. It was type and photocopied and so distributed to the respondents. Through the aid of all the deans of colleges and registrar. the research workers determined the entire population of the respondents.
For the proper disposal of questionnaire. the research workers asked permission. with the assistance of formal missive. addressed to the campus decision maker. The questionnaire was administrated to three hundred ( 300 ) college pupils. The research workers personally distributed the questionnaire. After recovering the full complete questionnaire. the informations were tallied. tabulated. analyzed and interpreted. Statistical Treatment of Datas
The information gathered through the usage of questionnaire were tallied. analyzed and interpreted utilizing statistical tools most appropriate for the survey. The research workers used the frequence. per centum distribution. weighted average and chi-square as tools for informations analysis. Frequency. This was used to find the distribution of the respondents’ profile. Percentage. This was used to find the respondent’s profile. Leaden mean. This was used to find the extent of pupils sensitivity about drug instruction. Chi-square. This was used to find the important relationship between the pupils profile and the extent of sensitiveness of pupils sing drug instruction.