Promote Person Centred Approaches
1.1 Explain how and why person centered values must influence all aspects of health and social care work:
Because everybody has different belief systems, needs, disabilities, cultures, religious beliefs. Everybody has their own person centered care plans that help us approach them in an individual way, even if we know how to assist clients we still try to offer those choices and independence. We need to make sure we do not push our beliefs onto those who cannot choose for themselves.
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1.2 Evaluate the use of care plans in applying person centered values:
Care plans are the primary source of client information. We can make individual plans and requirements to suit the specific needs of an individual. The better the care plan the easier it becomes for us to assist a client in their own way without getting into a mess from not understanding the care plans.
2.1 Work with an individual and others to find out the person’s history, preferences, wishes and needs:
Depending if the individual can communicate we can ask them, or their family if they have family, if they have no family and cannot communicate we have best interest meetings to discuss the care that an individual may need. Care plans also have all the information that we need about a person’s history and preferences.
2.2 Demonstrate ways to put person centered values into practice in complex or sensitive situations:
Maybe just sitting and spending time with individuals on a 1:1 basis Intensive interaction with individuals
2.3 Adapt actions and approaches in response to an individual’s changing needs or preferences;
By reviewing care plans on a regular basis
3.1 Analyze factors that influence the capacity of an individual to express consent:
Dementia, understanding, not being able to communicate
3.2 Establish consent for an activity or action:
We have care plans to follow, it explains what individuals need, like. A lot of clients that I work with lack the capacity to make informed choices.
3.3 Explain what steps to take if consent cannot be readily established:
Best interest meetings will be made to acquire consent for those that lack capacity. 4.1 Describe different ways of applying active participation to meet individual’s needs: * Changing the way they approach the activity
* changing the activity to meet the individual’s need
* Variety of activities to suit everybody
* Prompt and encourage them to take part
* Try different activities if the others fail
4.2 Work with an individual and others to agree how active participation will be implemented:
* Team meetings
* Best interest meetings
* Annual review meetings
4.3 Demonstrate how active participation can address the holistic needs of an individual: * More of a social life
* No need to be bored all the time
* Wide variety of activities to choose from
* Can help with communication
* Can give them a better quality of life
4.4 Demonstrate ways to promote understanding and use of active participation:
* Going out shopping
* Doing housework (to what their abilities allow them to do )
* Cooking (or assisting with cooking if they can )
5.1 Support an individual to make informed choices:
If they have the capacity to make a choice then let them make it. Let them know that no choice is wrong and that the choice is 100% theirs to make. Don’t push your opinions onto them. Support them with whatever choice they make. If they lack capacity then best interest meetings will need to be set up so we can make choices for them bearing in mind what they used to like and dislike when they did have capacity or if they show a like/dislike to something.
5.2 Use own work role and authority to support the individual’s rights to make choices: * Listen to them
* Don’t make them choose
* Explain the outcome for either choice
* Give them time to make their own decision
5.3 Manage risk in a way that maintains the individual’s right to make choices:
* Risk assessments
* Safe systems of work assessments
* Write in care plans that they can or cannot make choices for themselves 5.4 Describe how to support an individual to question or challenge decisions concerning them that are made by others: The decision may not be in the individual’s best interest and may cause stress or anxiety to the individual. Make sure that the individual’s voice has been heard and that they are included in any decisions made if the individual lacks capacity it may be good to bring in family or an advocate to speak on behalf of the individual so that they still have a voice and their choices and rights are still there for them.
6.1 Explain the links between identity, self-image and self- esteem: Identity is finding yourself
Self-image is looking at yourself
Self-esteem is accepting yourself
6.2 Analyze factors that contribute to the wellbeing of individuals:
They may have different religious beliefs which could mean that they are not allowed to take part in certain activities or they may have to undertake daily tasks that we don’t need to. If an individual is catholic they may not take part in some holiday traditions such as Halloween or they may like to go to church when others don’t. An individual may cry or scream all the time which can upset others, they may need more 1:1 attention to try and help or they may just need to be away from others to stop everyone being upset.
6.3 Support an individual in a way that promotes their sense of identity, self-image and self-esteem:
A client that has dementia and forgets how to brush their teeth: Explain to them, prompt and show them what to do, make them their own picture cards explaining the task applaud them and praise them for completing the task. Tell them how well they have done.
6.4 Demonstrate ways to contribute to an environment that promotes wellbeing: Taking a client (that wants to go) to church but not taking others that don’t want to go, joining in with a certain task to make the individual know that you take their beliefs seriously.
7.1 Compare different uses of risk assessment in health and social care:
* To protect
* To reduce harm
* To see if any health and safety measurements need to be put into place
7.2 Explain how risk taking and risk assessments relate to rights and responsibilities:
Risk taking- we are not to take risks as our health and others can be put into jeopardy We need to follow all risk assessments that are put into place to reduce risk and harm.
7.3 Explain why risk assessments need to be regularly revised: Things change e.g. someone may have been able to walk around becomes immobile or an individual’s seizures become worse that they need use of bed rails.