Philippine educational system has a very deep history from the past in which it has undergone several stage of development going to the present yester of education. Education The education of Pre- Spanish time in the Philippines was Informal and unstructured. There was no formal schooling. Education was oral, practical and hands- on. Education was still decentralized. The education of Pre- Hispanic Filipinos was FLT for the needs of their times. Children were provided more vocational training but lesser academics, which were headed by their parents or by their tribal tutors. They used a unique system of writing known as the babying.
The purpose of education during their time was for survival. The fathers taught their ones how to look for food and other means of livelihood. Fathers taught males on hunting animals, fishing, agriculture and other economic activities. The mothers taught their girls to do the household chores. Their education basically prepared their children to become good husband and wives. Teachers Parents trained their children informally. And other agriculture- related activities. Fathers trained their male children in hunting, carpentry, agriculture, shipbuilding and mining. Skills taught would vary on their industries and locations, I. . Whether highland, lowlands or along seashores. Writing System Alabama is an ancient writing system that was used in what is now the Philippines. Although it was all but extinguished by Western colonization, variants of it are still used in parts of Indoor and Palatal, and it is also increasingly used by Filipino youth as a way to express their identity. The term baby literally means “to spell” in Toga. It is also known as the Alabama, were in it is the ancient writing system that was used before by the Filipinos. Early Filipino ancestors valued education very much.
Filipino men and women know how to read and write using their own native alphabet called Alabama. It was composed of 17 symbols representing the letters of the alphabet. Among these seventeen symbols were three vowels and fourteen consonants. “Alabama” Philippine Education during the Spanish Period Formal educational system. Primary level to the tertiary level of education. The schools focused on the Christian Doctrines. There was a separate school for boys and girls. The wealthy Filipinos or the Illustrates were accommodated in the schools. Colonial education brought more non-beneficial effects to the Filipinos. Educational Decree 1863 1 .
The first educational system for students in the country was established. . Provide school institutions for boys and girls in every town. 3. Spanish schools started accepting Filipino students. 4. The Normal School was also established . Missionaries took charge in teaching, controlling and maintaining the rules and regulations imposed to the students. 7. The schools before were exclusive for the Spaniards. The Filipinos were only able to enter the school in the late 19th century. School for Boys: The first established schools were exclusive for the boys. The Augustine built the first school in the Philippines situated in Zebu in 1565.
College was equivalent to a university during the Spanish regime. The first college school for the boys was the “College De San Gigantic” which was established by the Jesuits in Manila in 1589. They also established the “College De San Deadlines” in Zebu in 1595. In 1601, “College De San Jose” was established. In 1 589, the “Scales Pta” was entrusted by the government to the Jesuits. School for Girls: “College De Santa Potential” was the first school and college for girls. This was opened in 1589. College De Santa Isabel opened in 1632. The religious congregations also established schools for the girls called “beater”.
Effects of Colonial Education in the Philippines The friars were effective in evangelize the Catholic religion to the Filipinos. One major failure of the educational system of the religious congregations was the withholding of the Filipinos to learn other bodies of knowledge. Education during the Spanish regime was privileged only to Spanish students. Several educated Filipinos referred to as illustrates began movements directed towards change in the system of government in the Philippines.