Identify a current a national piece of legislation relevant to safeguarding children and young people ‘ s welfare ( Ref 1 . 1) Children Act 2004 This provides the legal framework for Every Child Matters. It includes the requirement for: services to work more closely, forming an integrated service a ‘common’ assessment of children’s needs a shared database of information which is relevant to the safety and welfare of children earlier support for parents who are experiencing problems. Policies which safeguard
Schools must develop a range of policies which ensure the safety, security and well-being of their pupils. These will set out the responsibilities of staff and the procedures that they must follow. Policies may be separate or incorporated into one health and safety policy, but they must include sections which cover the following issues of: safeguarding and protecting, and procedures for reporting e-safety bullying, including cyber-bullying (see page 00). The Department for Education (DEFER) provides guidance for local authorities including schools. Schools use this guidance to develop their own policy and procedures which must be followed.
Two of these are listed below. 2. Identify two current local policies, procedures of genuine in relation to safeguarding the welfare of children and young people’s ( Ref 1. 1 ) 1 . ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children” (2010), the Local Authority Designated Officer will be informed of all allegations against adults working with children and provides advice and guidance to Senior Managers on the progress of cases to ensure they are resolved as quickly as possible. Information relating to allegations is collated and presented to the Lancashire Safeguarding Children Board to inform training, research, safer recruitment and awareness raising.
The Local Authority Designated Officer is located within Children’s Services and should be alerted to all cases in which it is alleged that a person who works with children has: behaved in a way that has harmed, or may have harmed, a child possibly committed a criminal offence against children, or related to a child behaved towards a child or children in a way that indicates s/he is unsuitable to work with children The Local Authority Designated Officer role applies to paid, unpaid, volunteers, casual, agency or anyone self-employed and they capture concerns, allegations or offences emanating from outside of work.
The Local Authority Designated Officer is involved from the initial phase of the allegation through to the conclusion of the case. The Local Authority Designated Officer will provide advice and guidance and help determine that the allegation sits within the scope of the procedures. Within the role the Local Authority Designated Officer helps co-ordinate information sharing. The Local Authority Designated Officer will also monitor and track any investigation with the expectation that it is resolved as quickly as possible. 2.
Children Act 1989 This Act identifies the responsibilities of parents and professionals who must ark to ensure the safety of the child. This Act includes two important sections which focus specific call on child protection. Section 47 states that the Local Authority has ‘a duty to investigate when there is a reasonable cause to suspect that a child is suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm’. Section 17 states that services must be put into place to ‘safeguard and promote the welfare of children within the area who are in need’. 3. Complete the following table with two examples: ( Ref: 1. ) Agency name (involved in safeguarding children and young people) Role of the agency ( in your own work setting) Health professionals Health professionals, in particular Gaps and doctors in emergency departments, may examine children with injuries which they suspect may be non-accidental. They have a duty to alert children’s social care when abuse is suspected. Health professionals may also: carry out a medical examination or observations of a child thought to be at risk of abuse or who has suffered abuse contribute to children’s social care reports give evidence in court if a crime has been committed.
Fourteenth & Poole Local Safeguarding Children Board The Board have particular roles and responsibilities to oversee the work of other agencies. The Board is made up from experts from the range of children’s services. Serious cases of abuse are always reviewed by them. 4. Complete the following table (Ref. 3. 1) Types of child abuse List THREE characteristics for each type of child abuse physical 1. Hitting, kicking, beating with objects, burning, scolding, suffocating, throwing and shaking are all forms of physical abuse. . Unexplained bruising, marks or injuries on any part of the body. 3. Physical abuse happens when a child is physically hurt or injured. Emotional 1 . Emotional abuse happens when the child suffers persistent ill treatment which effects their emotional development. 2. It may involve making the child feel frightened, unloved, worthless or in danger. 3. Sometimes expectations of the child are inappropriate for their age. Emotional abuse may happen alone, but often takes place with other types of abuse Sexual 1 .
Sexual abuse happens when a child is forced or persuaded into sexual activities or situations by others. 2. This may be: physical contact – including touching or acts of penetration non-physical contact – involving children in looking at pornographic materials or sexual acts. 3. Pain or itching in the genital/anal areas, bruising or bleeding near genital/ anal areas, Sexually transmitted disease, Vaginal discharge or infection, Stomach pains, Discomfort when walking or sitting down and Pregnancy.
Neglect 1 . Neglect happens when there is a persistent failure to provide for a child’s health, development and psychological needs. 2. This can include providing inadequate food, shelter, clothing or medical care, or not providing for their educational or emotional needs. 3. Constant hunger, sometimes stealing food from others, constantly dirty or ‘smelly’ and loss of weight, or being constantly underweight. Bulling 1 . Bullying happens when an individual or a group show hostility towards an individual. 2.
This can be: emotional, such as name-calling, ‘sending to Coventry’ (not talking to someone), taking or hiding personal items, humiliating, spreading rumors or teasing physical, such as pushing, kicking, hitting, pinching or threatening to use physical force racist, such as racial taunts or gestures sexual, such as inappropriate physical contact, sexual comments and innuendo, or homophobic taunts 3. Cyber-bullying may be emotional, racist or sexual forms of abuse. It happens through emails, text messages or telephone calls. . Complete the following table (Ref. 3. 4) Concern that a college is: Give a description of the action to be taken in response. Falling to comply with safeguarding with procedures All organizations which work with children have a responsibility to recruit staff who are suitable to work with children. When you first applied to work with children, you would have been asked to complete a form to disclose any convictions that you may have. Even with these checks in place abuse can, and has, happened within schools.
This is called institutional abuse. All staff have a duty to comply with policy and procedures. Failure to comply may put children at risk of harm or abuse, so concerns should always be reported to the signaled person for safeguarding or your line manager. If you have concerns that a colleague is abusing a child, your actions should be exactly the same as if the abuser is a parent, family member or stranger. These actions were described in the previous section. You must act immediately to protect children by informing the line manager.
If the allegation is against your manager, you should report concerns to the designated person for child protection or directly to the Authority. These are difficult situations but your first priority must always be to the child. It is important that you do not discuss what has happened with others, although you may need to seek support for yourself. Naming, abusing or bulling child or young person As a learning assistant, you will build special relationships with children.
You may urge person who the child feels more comfortable to talk to when the rest of the others are not around. It is important that you know how to recognize when abuse may be happening and what action you should take. While you must avoid jumping to conclusions you must always be observant. You may notice physical signs or changes in a child’s behavior, or the child may hint or disclose to you that they are being abused or bullied. You must also think about how you would respond if a child were to hint or disclose this to you.
Always: Report concerns about possible signs or changes in behavior to the designated person or your manager Take what children say seriously – it will take a lot of courage to tell you and children will rarely lie about abuse Reassure children that they are not to blame if they tell you they have been abused Tell children that you will have to tell someone who can help them Write down what you have observed or what has been said – but keep the information secure. Never: promise to keep information a secret investigate further or ask questions appear shocked make promises to children 6.
Describe the principles and boundaries of confidentiality to share information. (Ref. 3. 5) In a school, all information with regards to pupils must be treated confidentially, as stated in the Data Protection Act 1998 Any information must be stored as stated in the act. All members of staff must be familiar and adhere to the guidelines. Information about students, school, and teaching staff should never be passed onto third parties. I would also need to check with the class teacher, if I was ensure whether could/should speak about a matter or not to another party.
If a parent gave me information about a child, I would insure that this information is recorded correctly, following the school policies and guidelines, and passed onto the relevant members of staff. Respecting confidentiality in a school setting is very important. When working in this environment, certain information has to be gathered about pupils, for the school to work effectively. This information includes: Names Contact Numbers and Addresses Medical Information Dietary Needs Family Changes Special Educational Needs (SEEN) To give out any of the above information, is a breach of confidentiality.
It should only be passed on, on a need to know basis. For example, certain information may have to be passed onto other teaching staff that deals with a childes health, wellbeing, welfare or protection. The Data Protection Act (1998) covers both paper and electronic records. Individuals have the right to see all information that is stored about them. The school has a responsibility to ensure that the information is correct, and kept confidential. Confidentiality is important within schools. The information given by parents, s information concerning their family and children, and is given in trust.
All records should be stored safely i. E. (locked away and password protected), so that access is restricted to those Task B 1. Common childhood illness- Signs and Symptoms- Action to take 1 Chickenpox. Slight fever may be present before a rash develops. Rash begins as small, red, flat spots that develop into itchy fluid filled blisters. Alert other parents when a case of chickenpox occurs in a child care facility. Alert pregnant staff members and staff members with weakened immune systems. Exclude child from child care or school when spots first appear until all ores are crusted over (usually 5 days after onset of blisters). Asthma. Breathless, Wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and a drop in your child’s peak flows. Having an asthma action plan, which lists all of your child’s medicines and when he should take them, can help you keep your child’s asthma under good control. This should help prevent many asthma attacks and keep you well prepared if your child does have an asthma attack. 3 Flu. Diarrhea, stomach pains, vomiting, dehydration. Make sure the child gets plenty of rest and ensure they take in adequate amounts of liquid. Use recommended doses of Paramedical to control aches and pains. Diarrhea.
Needing the toilet a lot, stomach pains, vomiting and dehydration. Check their temperature. Give frequent amounts of liquid, but avoid acidic drinks. Exclude child from school and child care until diarrhea has stopped. 5 Croup. Cold – like symptoms that develop into a cough and fever, Raspy, hoarse voice, Loud, barking cough, High pitched noise when breathing in, any activity that makes the child breathe faster could make the child sound worse (e. G. , crying), Tiredness. Symptoms of croup are often worse at night. If it is cold outside, bundle child up and take him/her outside. The cold air may help child’s reheating and cough.
Try to keep the child calm (crying will make the symptoms worse). Suggest parents take child home or for medical treatment. 2. The candidate will produce a five-point action plan to follow if a child is suffering from any or all of the signs and symptoms. Severe headache, feeling nauseous, raised temperature, sensitive to light, raised rash or spot. (Ref. 2. 3) Action to take 1 Contact the local public health unit. Call 999 2 Contact the parents of the child. 3 Go to the hospital with the ambulance if the parents have not to preschool. 4 Stay in the hospital until the parents arrive. Report the incident to the manager and the incident book. . Complete the following table showing the actions to taken in an emergency. (Ref. 2. 4) Emergency If there is a fire in the setting, the alarm should be raised at once and Fires other members of staff notified. Call 999 for the fire brigade as soon as possible. On hearing the alarm and the children and everyone must evacuate the building in a calm manner via the nearest fire exit with your class and wait a designated waiting area safely away from the fire set by the setting. You should not stop for any belongings such as bags, coats, etc. Don’t leave the children unattended at NY time and don’t attempt to try and fight the fire.
Security Incident Notify the supervisor and also the police should be called if necessary or if anyone is in danger. Do a check of the register immediately to see if a child is missing and also count the children. The children should be supervised at all times and all the windows and entrance and exits out of the building should be locked. Make sure all visitors that come to the nursery sign in the visitor’s book and also have a lock/key password for parents/guardians picking up their children. Have a staff meeting to discuss the incident and how t can be prevented in the future and also put new stricter security measures in place. Missing children or young people if a child goes missing from the setting first and foremost it is important not to panic and raise the alarm by notifying the supervisor. All areas of the setting must be check quickly in case the child is hiding somewhere and then the next stage is to call the police and notify the parents too. And also notify the NSP at this stage. The register must be checked to check if any more children have gone missing. Start an organized search to check all areas of the setting again and aka sure a member of staff stays at the last seen point.
Task C The candidate will complete the table below showing the procedures to follow if there is evidence or are concerns that child or young person has been, is being or is at risk of abused, harmed or bullied. (Ref. 3. 3) Actions to take if a child or person IS/HAS BEEN abused, Actions to take if a child or young young person IS AT RISK harmed or bullied OF BEING abused, harmed or bullied Many children living in abusive or harmful situations are in a constant state of anxiety and fear. It can therefore be very difficult for them to talk to anyone else about it.