In addition, spoken language is dependent on which egging in England a person is born and resides as this determines where their accent and dialect originates. Dialect can include new words or words that mean different things. For instance, Mark James uses dialect in the transcript entitled Baker when he states: ‘ Brain’ instead of baby. Using the term ‘brain is common dialect in Newcastle, however, people that do not understand the Newcastle dialect may not understand what Mark is saying in his spoken language.
People also have different accents. Accents are words that have the same meaning, but have a variation in the pronunciation. One example is when Mark states: ‘Dining’ for ‘doing’ in the Baker transcript. People tend to use their accent and dialect in their spoken language when talking to family and friends. This is often termed being in a collects. In addition, people also have their own idiolect. A person’s idiolect is a person’s own style of spoken language that can include their own use of grammar, pronunciation and vocabulary.
In addition, idiolect can include language features, such as false starts and repetition. For example, Mark James states: ‘l met our lass in, I mean I fell, I mean This quote highlights owe Mark has repeated what is spoken and has changed what he was going to say. However, Mark is being interviewed about his personal life and this may affect how confident he is feeling in this collects. In addition, the interview may affect his idiolect; emphasizing the non-fluency features in his spoken language because he is being interviewed by a stranger.
Furthermore, the interview appears spontaneous and unrehearsed. Moreover, the interviewer is using formal language that may make Mark feel vulnerable. People often adapt their spoken language dependent on who they are talking to. For instance, people end to use more formal spoken language when in more formal situations, such as, when being interviewed for a job. The most formal of all spoken language is Standard English or Received Pronunciation (RPR).
Barton (1996) states that 3% of the population in England use (RPR); despite this fact, (RPR) is the most influential. This is because at one time (RPR) was used in spoken language by the highest of class, such as, lawyers and doctors. However, nowadays newsreaders tend to use (RPR). Marshall (2013) in the Tonight programmer entitled ‘Accents Speak Louder than Words,’ interviewed some school children who believe that (RPR) sounded SSH and would give a person a better chance of getting a good job.
However, when asked, the same children who spoke with an accent believed that because they didn’t speak with a posh voice they would not be able to get a good job when they left school. Marshall (2013) claimed that there are no linguistic benefits to (RPR), intact, claiming, in a poll, that non- English speaking people stated that (RPR) did not have any attributes that made it easier to understand than any other accent. It could be argued that dependent on where a person lives, people can be stereotyped and discriminated by the way in which they speak.
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