Christopher Wren, the boy of the Dean of Windsor, and nephew of Dr. Mathew Wren, the Bishop of Norwich, was born in 1632. As his male parent was the male monarch ’ s chaplain, Christopher spent his early life in Windsor Castle. As a kid he played with the male monarch ’ s boy who subsequently became Charles II.
Christopher was an intelligent male child and did really good at school. He was peculiarly interested in mathematics and scientific discipline, and by the age of 17 had made several innovations.
These included an instrument that wrote in the dark, a conditions clock, a pneumatic engine and a new deaf and dense linguistic communication.
At Oxford University Wren developed a repute as a superb scientist. He carried out a series of experiments that was to turn out really of import for wellness attention. For illustration, he showed how it was possible to direct people into a deep slumber by shooting them with opium. This helped physicians who wanted to transport out long operations.
Wren himself used this system to take a lien from a Canis familiaris. He besides successfully used a syringe to reassign blood from one Canis familiaris to another.
In 1657 Wren was appointed as professor of uranology at Gresham College in London. Wren became interested in the Torahs of gesture. He carried out several experiments on this topic, and when Isaac Newton developed the theory of gravitation he was speedy to indicate out that he owed a great trade to the work of Wren.
Wren joined a group of mathematicians, scientists and bookmans that met to discourse new thoughts and in 1662 Charles II granted them a charter to set up the Royal Society of London for Promoting Natural Knowledge.
When Wren was a pupil, Christopher Wren read a book entitled On Architecture. The book had been written by a Roman designer called Vitruvius in the first century AD. After reading On Architecture, Wren developed a desire to plan edifices similar to those built by the Romans. In 1663 Wren visited Rome and was peculiarly impressed with the Theatre of Marcellus. Although the theater was in ruins
, Wren was able to inspect drawings that revealed what the theater looked like when it was foremost built. When Wren was subsequently asked to plan a new theater in Oxford, he decided to utilize the information that he had gained when analyzing the Theatre of Marcellus in Rome.
On 2nd September, 1666, the Great Fire of London destroyed a big country of the metropolis. Charles II had to name person to take charge of reconstructing London. After much thought the male monarch gave the occupation to his childhood friend, Christopher Wren. This included the undertaking of constructing 52 new churches in London.
Wren was besides commissioned to plan and construct St. Paul ’ s Cathedral. St. Paul ’ s took 35 old ages to construct. The most dramatic facet of St. Paul ’ s was its great dome. It was the 2nd largest dome of all time built ( the largest was St. Peter ’ s Basilica in Rome ) . Both domes were based on the 1 in the Pantheon built by the ancient Romans.
Wren was 66 old ages old when he finished St. Paul ’ s. Other edifices designed by Wren included the Royal Exchange, College of Physicians, Chelsea Hospital, the Royal Naval College, Custom House and the Drury Lane Theatre. When Christopher Wren died in 1723 he became the first individual to be buried in St. Paul ’ s Cathedral.
( 1 ) Celia Fiennes described St. Paul ’ s Cathedral in her diary in 1702.
The great cathedral of St. Paul ’ s was burnt by fire. It has since been rebuilt by a revenue enhancement on coal. It is now about finished and is really brilliant. The organic structure of the church is non rather done. The church is traveling to be closed on the top with a big dome.
( 2 ) Daniel Defoe described St. Paul ’ s Cathedral in a missive that he wrote in 1723.
The cathedral of St. Paul ’ s is extremely beautiful. The church of St. Peter ’ s in Rome, which is believed to be the most brilliant in the universe, merely exceeds St. Paul ’ s in the impressiveness of its inside work ; the picture, the communion tables, and the oratories, things, which, in a Protestant church are non allowed.
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