During infancy kids needs to ensure that they drink lots of calcium because it makes their bones stronger and helps them to crawl and walk. It also essential for blood clotting. If their body is lacking calcium this will delay their development. In this stage the milk teeth start to appear. Infants also need vitamins D to keep their teeth and bones health and strong. If infants have too much vitamins in their body it can cause weakness of bones and kidney problems and if their body is lacking vitamin D it can cause rickets. Childhood
Growth and development is fast during this stage and should be very active. Proteins and carbohydrates are therefore very important. Carbohydrates are sugar and starches that provides energy and help them to being active in lessons. Carbohydrates can have a negative effect on health if there is too much in the diet then the body converts the excess food energy into fat, which can lead to the children being overweight or obese. Being overweight is a risk factor for diabetes. Lack of carbohydrate can cause tiredness of fatigue, poor mental function and lack of endurance and stamina. Protein is also essential for children.
Proteins help their body to grow and repair damage. Taking in too much protein could raise your risk of serious diseases including cancer, heart disease, and liver or kidney problems. If their body is lacking protein this will cause Kwashiorkor and Morass. In childhood children also need vitamin A, this will fight against infection in their body and helps vision. Fiber is particularly important for children’s diets because it is essential for optimal bowel movement and health so that the child does not get instigated and then uninterested in eating, which may lead to poor weight gain.
Adolescence (1 1-18) Adolescents continue to grow, so they need a diet rich in protein, vitamins and minerals because they are larger, they will need more of each food component than they did when younger. Adolescence need all the help they can get with studying, working and maintaining an active lifestyle, all while they’re still growing and developing. Adolescence needs carbohydrates and proteins it gives them energy and proteins make their bones strong and healthy.
They have been specially developed to contain essential vitamins not only to promote good general health, but also to help promote energy levels and a healthy metabolism; hormone and skin health; and a healthy immune system. After puberty, girls need a higher intake of iron. Iron help to builds muscle and is essential to healthy red blood cells. Teenage girls need extra iron to compensate for the iron lost in blood when their periods start in order to prevent anemia. Fiber is also essential in adolescence for the elimination of waste material and toxin from the body and help to keep the intestine sissies free and clean.
Adolescence also need plenty Of water in their body. It keeps their body getting dehydrated. It makes up about 55-60% of the body’s weight Adulthood (19-65) Adults don’t increase in height, although they can gain weight usually because of an increase in body fat. In some more active adults weight gain is the result of continuing muscle growth. Once the growth has stopped adults need to maintain their weight, but should try to avoid putting on extra weight. High fat foods should be kept to a minimum they raise cholesterol.
Being overweight can also increase the chances of developing diabetes and cancer. To reduce the risk of developing high blood pressure, salt should be limited because it can cause of high blood pressure. Adults need a variety of vitamins and minerals for a healthy body and lifestyle. Essential vitamins B, C, D, E, K and iron taken daily prevent the onset of sickness and disease. Vitamins also help enzymes and nervous system to work properly. Vitamin C promotes healthy muscles, connective tissue, and skin. Vitamin D promotes bone and tooth formation and helps the body absorb calcium.
Taking in too much vitamins can cause diarrhea, constipation, bone fractures, kidney problems and other diseases. Lack of vitamins can cause poor digestion, rickets, anemia and much more associated illnesses. They also need calcium. A good calcium intake is needed to develop strong bones and teeth. Calcium is laid down in the bones up to early adulthood, so it is particularly important for young females to eat lots of calcium rich foods to reduce the risk of osteoporosis in later life. Calcium is also essential for blood clothing, and helps the heart muscles and nerves to work properly.
Pregnant women have an extra requirement for proteins, vitamins and minerals. They might not need more fats and carbohydrates because pregnancy itself can lead to a reduction in physical activity. During pregnancy a women has an increased need for folic acid as it is removed through her kidneys. In adulthood the body’s ability to conserve water gradually decreases and the perception of thirst becomes less sensitive. However, dehydration can result in drowsiness and confusion among other side effects so it is important to keep hydrated throughout the day even if we don’t feel thirsty.
Fluid intake does not necessarily mean just water and can also include hot drinks such as tea and coffee, fruit juice or squash. OLD AGE (+65) During this stage these is loss rather than development of motor skills. Reduced strength stamina and flexibility. Reduced mobility such as having difficulty in walking is quite common. Reaction times are longer ( I. E. Reaction are slower). These changes mean that older people are more likely to trip or fall. Their eyesight get poorer, and more people need glasses at this stage. The hair becomes thinner and turns white.
There is usually some loss of teeth even in those whose teeth remained healthy during adulthood. Also very common is some loss of hearing especially for higher pitched sound. Eyesight changes too with most individuals becoming long sighted, I. E. Only TABLE to focus at a distance. The senses Of taste and smell are also reduced. They needs large amount of vitamin A. It promotes normal growth and development; tissue and bone repair; and healthy skin, eyes, and immune responses. It also good for increasing eyesight. They need Vitamin B for their nervous system to work properly.
They need also fat to protect their body from cold. It keep them warm and help to absorb vitamins A and D. In this stage the joints become less flexible -the older feel stiffer, bones becomes more brittle and falls are more likely to result in broken bones. They need vitamins and minerals which help them to keep their bones and joints healthy including protein because protein also help their bones to keep healthy. They also need calcium helps to slow down the loss of calcium from the bones. Bowel problems can become an issue, many older and elderly adults do offer from constipation.
In order to keep bowel issues and irritations to minimum, older adults should include an adequate amount of fiber in their diets as this will help to ensure the digestive system is healthy and in working order. Also remember to drink plenty of fluids as this will help the gut to function properly. Blood pressure increases and so does the risk of strokes and heart disease. The means that older people are more likely to get infection, they need vitamin A which fight against infection and keep their body from getting infections.