We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

See Pricing

What's Your Topic?

Hire a Professional Writer Now

The input space is limited by 250 symbols

What's Your Deadline?

Choose 3 Hours or More.
Back
2/4 steps

How Many Pages?

Back
3/4 steps

Sign Up and See Pricing

"You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy"
Back
Get Offer

Explain Theories About Autism Related to Brain Function and Genetics and to Psychology

Hire a Professional Writer Now

The input space is limited by 250 symbols

Deadline:2 days left
"You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy"
Write my paper

3. 1 Explain theories about autism related to brain function and genetics and to psychology There are a number of prominent theories regarding Autism. Research indicates that autism may be a disorder of the cortex area of the brain which controls reasoning, problem-solving, memory, voluntary movement and sensation. The autistic brain functions differently than an average brain. The structural differences in the brain, such as mini-columns with numerous small brain cells, cause a person with autism to think, perceive and react to things differently than a person with typical brain development.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Explain Theories About Autism Related to Brain Function and Genetics and to Psychology
Just from $13,9/Page
Get custom paper

Experts are divided on the factors that may cause the autistic brain differences. Genetics, a testosterone connection and environmental toxins are among the many theories. A large segment of the medical community believes there is a genetic component to autism and autistic brain structure and function. Some studies indicated that some people with autism share a genetic variation. Genetic factors may be the most significant cause for autism spectrum disorders.

Although autism’s genetic factors explain most of the risk of developing autism, they do not explain all of it More than one gene may be implicated, different genes may be involved in different individuals, and the genes may interact with each other or with environmental factors.

Several candidate genes have been located, but the mutations that increase autism risk have not been identified for most candidate genes. A common hypothesis is that autism is caused by the interaction of a genetic predisposition and an early environmental insult.

Several theories based on environmental factors have been proposed to address the remaining risk. Some of these theories focus on prenatal environmental factors, such as agents that cause birth defects, and others focus on the environment after birth, such as children’s diets. Risk factors for autism include parental characteristics such as advanced maternal and paternal age. The risk is greater for advanced paternal age.

One hypothesis is that this is caused by older sperm that have greater mutation burden, and another is that men who carry more genetic liability have some features of autism and therefore marry and have children later. A causal definition of autism at a biological level continues to remain elusive, however a fairly clear idea is emerging of a cause at a cognitive level. Specific discrete behavioural deficits are seen in autism such as impaired social functioning, impaired communication and lack of imaginative play.

In fact, the triad of social impairment, reduced communication and decreased imagination characterizes the whole spectrum of autistic disorders. It has been suggested that this association between these three areas of functioning could be explained by a single cognitive deficit, that is, an inability to cognitively represent mental states, otherwise know as the Theory of Mind (ToM). Representing mental states such as belief and desire is required to predict other people’s behaviour a skill which those with an ASC are greatly impaired at.

Cite this Explain Theories About Autism Related to Brain Function and Genetics and to Psychology

Explain Theories About Autism Related to Brain Function and Genetics and to Psychology. (2016, Oct 30). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/explain-theories-about-autism-related-to-brain-function-and-genetics-and-to-psychology/

Show less
  • Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay
  • Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself
  • Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay
  • Do not copy and paste free to download essays
Get plagiarism free essay

Search for essay samples now

Haven't found the Essay You Want?

Get my paper now

For Only $13.90/page