Thames River Heart Of Darkness Essay
Heart of Darkness callowness Joseph Conrad was able to introduce and build both external and internal conflicts that continue to develop throughout the text with the use of literary techniques such as external dialogue, Internal dialogue and figurative language. Marrow, the protagonist, tells his story and Is listened to by the first person narrator, creating external dialogue that Illuminates Marrows Internal conflict. The narrator himself then alludes to his own conflict of fear through internal dialogue. Figurative language, too, contributes to the introduction of conflict, this time between the
Imperialists and the African natives. The wide range of literary techniques used by Conrad helps the reader develop their understanding of both the internal and external conflicts expressed in this text. Through most of the novel ‘Heart of Darkness’ Marrow tells his story to the crew on the boat, but at certain point he inadvertently shows his internal conflict by taking a break and pausing. The somewhat abrupt switch of external dialogue from storytelling to conversation that takes place In this passage where Marrow asks his audience “Do you see him?
Do you e the story shows, on a literal level, the conflict between Marrow and his audience, with Marrow wanting to make sure that his audience understands his story. But on a more figurative level, Marrows own conflict with himself and his struggle with the horror of his story is illuminated. It is hard for even him to fully comprehend the terror of what happened in the Congo and he has difficulty retelling his story and believing the words that leave his lips. He has nothing concrete to build his story upon, and as he says to his audience “Of course in this you fellows see more than I could then.
You see me, whom you know… ” This shows how his audience has an easier time understanding his story than he does, because they can place him in the story, making it more believable while for him he has no sense of truth to build his story off of. This external dialogue illuminates Marrows inner conflict and emotional response to his Journey through the Congo. It Is a rare occurrence for us, the readers, to hear the narrator’s thoughts as most of this book Is external dialogue. This gives the Internal dialogue more value and Importance here and we feel closer to the character as he illuminates his own internal conflict.
Towards the end of this passage the narrator tells us of his own, ominous reaction to the story told so far. He says “l listened, I listened on the watch for the sentence, for the word, that would give me the clue to the faint uneasiness inspired by this narrative. ” At a literal level, the narrator is uneasy because of the setting; it is pitch black and all he can hear is the water, Marrow’s voice, and the ominous and mysterious tone of the story. We can see the conflict within the narrator; he fears the horror that he is being told of and it makes him uneasy.
But on a figurative level, the narrator wants to know more. The narrator says “l listened, I listened… ,” hoping to hear more. This may be Conrad reflecting on the human interest In death and horrific acts. We are Intrigued by terror and we hunger to hear more about It, causing conflict within us as we fight between listening to stories of horrific acts or staying clear of the evil and the The last literary device used by Conrad to introduce and build conflict is corrupt. Nile the man Jabbered about himself. ” The conflict shown here is between the mute forest and the oblivious Jabbering man.
In a literal sense, this shows the literal conflict between the man and nature; the forest will be difficult to enter because of the physical boundary it creates. Figuratively, this is a metaphor for the conflict between the imperialists and the natives. The forest here is described as primeval and muddy, representing the natives of Africa who are silent and have no say. The man respectively represents all imperialists who are self centered (“the man jabbered about himself”) and have vested interests only in money and do not pay attention to the voices of the natives that they have silenced.
Marrow says “l Nodded whether the stillness on the face of the immensity looking at us two were meant as an appeal or as a menace,” which further suggests conflict between the natives and the imperialists through its diction (note the usage of ‘immensity and appeal or menace,’ suggesting that the natives and the forest both appeal to the Imperialists as a source of wealth, and are a menace to them, suggesting that only trouble will come of interaction).
The both literal and figurative language used by Conrad helps us develop our understanding of the conflict between the imperialists ND the natives throughout the rest of ‘The Heart of Darkness. ‘ External dialogue, internal dialogue and figurative language are all literary techniques used by Conrad while writing ‘Heart of Darkness’ that help introduce and build both external and internal conflicts that develop throughout the text.
Marrow and the narrator deal with internal conflicts that have now been shown to us and we can see more clearly the conflict between the imperialists and the natives in the Congo. Rough the illuminated conflicts, tension and uneasiness are built and this passage ominously suggests that much worse is to come.
Heart of Darkness Essay
1. Some critics believe that in Heart of Darkness Conrad illustrates how ‘’the darkness of the landscape can lead to the darkness of the social corruption. ” This statement means that if the environment is dark, then the people in that environment will match the surrounding feeling, which is dark and depressing. For example, if it is a gloomy rainy day, most people feel tired and not as happy. If it is a bright sunny day, the most people feel motivated to get things done and joyful.
Yes, this statement is believable because I have noticed that the weather, my surroundings, and even other people’s behaviors around me affect my mood. Today, for instance, it rained all day and the sky was dark, as a result I slept throughout the whole day. So my environment changed my mood negatively. – “It made you feel very small, very lost, and yet it was not altogether depressing, that feeling. ” When riding along the river. 2. Heart of Darkness seems to blur the line between the so-called “advanced” society of Europe and the “primitive” society of Africa.
The native people of Africa are referred to as savages. The white people in the novel showed they had uncivilized characteristics like the natives. Since the white people felt superior, however, they treated the natives like slaves and objects. Europe seems to be more civilized in the eyes of the world because the people are more advanced in technology and knowledge, while Africa seems to be more uncivilized because the people are cannibals and not as advanced in technology, if at all. I believe these distinctions are valid, but I do not agree with the white society feeling superior to the natives.
I also believe that the culture I live in is advanced and civilized because there have been so many advancements in science, technology, and weaponry, and we follow the guidelines of “all men are created equal”. – “The conquest of the earth, which mostly means the taking it away from those who have a different complexion or slightly flatter noses than ourselves is not a pretty thing when you look into it. ” 3. In Heart of Darkness, Kurtz is depicted as an upstanding European who has been transformed by his time in the jungle- being away from the society he was used to that could have prevented him from becoming such a tyrant.
I have experienced being in a situation where I was very different from the people around me. It forced me to figure out their interests so I was able to join in on their conversations. By the end of the day, I no longer felt alone. So that experience taught me that I am going to come across diversity in life, but I need to be open and accepting of it. If I had chosen to just be shy, I wouldn’t have learned this lesson. I didn’t find myself being pulled toward base, cruel instincts as Kurtz, but I think that’s because Kurtz had no one to control him. If a person gains that much power, it may lead to the transformation that Kurtz experienced. pg. 144 “But his soul was mad. Being alone in the wilderness, it had looked within itself, and, by heavens! I tell you, it had gone mad. ” 4. Kurtz dying words are a cryptic whisper: “The horror, the horror”. There could be more than one possibility of the “horror” Kurtz could have been talking about. I think that it symbolizes the darkness of Kurtz’s tyrant and savage-like qualities that he gained when he lived with the natives. When he lives with the natives, he becomes very greedy and ignorant because he believes that he is superior to the natives.
I think from his last words, it shows that the power got to him and he didn’t want to admit it. I think Conrad made this scene so ambiguous because the “horror” that Kurtz could have been anything. I think he chose to keep it unclear so it has a lasting effect on Marlow, because that will live with Marlow the rest of his life. Also, the openness allows the reader to contemplate on what they might think the “horror” could be. 5. Some readers claim that Heart of Darkness is strictly a political novella. Others, however, say it’s really a story about the human condition.
Yes a work can be interpreted in different ways, because I believe that this book deals with both of these themes. The political and human condition aspects are interdependent. For instance, Kurtz’s dictatorship (political) on the natives leads to his madness (human condition). Readers should consider the author’s intent when analyzing the story because it will help them understand the themes and symbols more affectively. Conrad’s intent of this story was to show the dark and corrupt ways of a more advanced society on an uncivilized society and how that leads to madness and chaos.
If the reader doesn’t understand his intentions then it will be more difficult for them to understand the story. 6. Heart of Darkness can sometimes seem to readers like an incredibly dark, depressing story that paints civilizations in a very negative light. To me, most of the novel was dark and depressing, but there were some minor parts that showed a positive light. I noticed when he talked about his childhood or youth, they were always described as bright and happy. I think this signifies that everything seems so simple when you are young, but when you get older, life become more difficult.
When talking about two young boys on pg. 4, he says that they were “foolish and cheery countenances. ” On pg. 71, he talks about his boyhood and how the world seemed to be “a blank space of delightful mystery- a white patch for a boy to dream gloriously over. ” When he talks about the boyish-faced Russian on pg. 126, he describes him as brightly colored and “extremely gay”. – Why is it important to narrate Marlow in the act of telling his story? – How are women described in the novel? (African mistress and Kurtz’s intended) – Why does Marlow lie to Kurtz’s fiancee about Kurtz’s last words? – Could Kurtz be described as the “tragic hero” in this novel? Power being his downfall.