Higher Education Commission Scholarships in Pakistan - Education Essay Example

Higher Education Commission Scholarships in Pakistan| December 27 2012 Contents Education3 Education System in Pakistan4 Formal System of Education in Pakistan5 Higher Education Commission (HEC)8 1 - Higher Education Commission Scholarships in Pakistan introduction|| December 27 2012 Contents Education3 Education System in Pakistan4 Formal System of Education in Pakistan5 Higher Education Commission (HEC)8 1. Foreign Scholarships11 Faculty Development of UESTPs/ UETs11 Overseas Scholarships for MS / M. Phil leading to PhD13 International Research Support Initiative Program14 Partial Support for PhD Studies Abroad15 Commonwealth Scholarships for PhD, Split PhD and Post Doctoral16 Fulbright Scholarship Support Program (Masters / PhD, USA)18 2. Domestic Scholarships20 1. Indigenous Ph. D.

Fellowship Program20 2 - higher education commission scholarships. Higher Education for Students of Baluchistan & FATA22 Needs-Based Scholarships23 Analysis28 Education Education is one of the basic factors which plays a vital role in the development of any nation. Education is an important human activity. Education eliminates unemployment, builds foundation of awareness, tolerance, self esteem, social equity, spreads political socialization and cultural vitality. It was born with the birth of the human race and shall continue to function as long as the human race lives. The importance of education may be summed up as under. An essential human virtue. * A necessity for society. * Important for integration of separate entities. * Gives significance of life * Educated men are superior (Aristotle) * Sign of freedom (Epictetus) * A controlling grace (Diogenes) * Basis of good life. 1. An Essential Human Virtue Education is an essential human virtue. Man becomes ‘man’ through education. He is what education makes him. It is rightly said that without education, man is a super slave. 2. A Necessity for Society Education is necessary for society. Education fashions and prepares man for society.

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Education grooms the social aspect of man and gives man supreme position in society. 3. Important For the Integration of Separate Entities An individual is made up of different separate interest groups. Education brings about the integration of these separate entities. 4. Gives Significance of Life Education teaches what man lives and struggles for. It provides an integrated life, by doing so, it gives significance of life. Educated Men Are Superior Education is a sign of superiority. Aristotle wrote, “Educated men are as much superior to uneducated as the living are to the dead. ” 5. Sign of Freedom

Education is a sign of freedom. Epictetus had said, “Only the educated are free. ” 6. A Controlling Grace Diogenes felt that “Education is a controlling grace to the young, consolation to the old wealth to the poor and ornament to the rich. ” 7. Basis of Good Life Education is an essential basis of good life. A man becomes a human being in the real sense when he is transformed from primarily an animal being into a human being. In short, education is an essential element of all human societies. Addison said, “What sculpture is to a block of marble, education is to the soul”. Education System in Pakistan

After independence, efforts have been made to relate the education system to the needs and inspirations of the country. All Education Conference was held in 1947 as per directives of the founder of Pakistan Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He provided the basic guidelines for the future development of education that the education system should suit the intellect of our people, in connection with our history, culture and provides the highest sense of honor, integrity, responsibility, and selfless service to the nation. It should also provide scientific and technical knowledge to build up our economic life.

Various commissions were appointed which submitted their reports periodically. The 1959 Report of the Commission on National Education enjoys a superior position in the history of educational reforms. There were several other commissions and policy reports up to 1973. In 1973 the civilian democratic government came up with a 1973 constitution which provided that the state shall: * Promote unity and observance of the Islamic moral standards. * Promote with special care the educational and economic interests of backward areas. * Remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period. Make technical and professional education generally available and higher education equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. * Enable the people of different areas, through education, agriculture, training and industrial development, and other methods to participate fully in all form of national activities including employment in the services of Pakistan. * Full participation of women in all the fields of national life. The above mentioned goals were pursued by various policy documents announced by various governments who came into power from time to time.

Each policy stressed on: * Islamic ideology and character building * The universalization of primary education and promotion of literacy * Science education * Quality of education * Reduction in inequalities of educational facilities. Formal System of Education in Pakistan The education system of Pakistan falls into five levels. These are: * Primary level * Middle level * Secondary level * Intermediate level * University level If we talk about schools, colleges and universities, they also fall in three categories. These are: * Government schools Private schools * Madaris Talking about the government institutions first, they are in poor condition due to lack of attention and shortage of funds. Teachers are not given adequate salary. Private schools, on the other hand are doing much better job. They are paying their teachers well and are giving them necessary training for teaching. The only drawback of these private schools is that their fees are not affordable by everyone. Madaris are the third type of educational systems working in Pakistan. They are providing Islamic education to a number of students.

There are 21,402 registered madaris according to Registered Before The Promulgation of The Societies Registration (Second Amendment) Ordinance 2005. After 9/11 the reputation of these institutions is badly damaged and now they are not taken as a reliable source for providing religious education. In formal education system, there are a number of stages are; Pre Primary Schooling: Pre-primary education is functional and managed in schools throughout the country. Public schools provide pre-primary education as part of socialization process. The students attending pre-primary class are called “Kachi”.

National Education EFA (Education for All) Action Plan Policy, 1998-2010 provided recognition to “Kachi” class as alternate for early childhood education. According to National Education Policy, 1998-2010, the “Kachi” class was introduced as formal class in the primary schools. The age group for pre-primary is 3-5. Primary Schooling: This stage consists of five classes’ I-V and children of age 5-9 years are enrolled. According to Pakistan Integrated Household Survey (PIHS) 1998-99, the gross participation rate was 71 percent in 1999, for male it was 80 percent and for female it was 61 percent.

For urban female it was 92 and for rural it was 50 percent. The lowest participation rate observed for rural female in Sindh was 33 percent. The net enrollment rate was 42 percent, for urban male it was 47 percent and 37 percent for rural female. Middle Schooling: The middle schooling is of three years duration and consists of class VI, VII and VIII. The age group is 10-12 years. The participation rate at middle school was about 34 percent during 2000-2001. Males were 36 percent and females were 33 percent. High Schooling: The high school students stay for two years in class IX and X.

The Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education conducts the examination. A certificate of secondary school is awarded to the successful candidates. The participation rate at high school was about 22 percent in 2000-2001 of which, 24 percent were males and 20 percent were females. Vocational Education (VE) is normally offered in high schooling. There are varieties of professions offered to the students and after completion of the courses they get jobs as carpenters, mechanics, masons ,welders, electrician, refrigeration and similar other professions. There are 498 vocational institutions with an enrollment of about 88000 in 2001-2002.

Higher Secondary Education: The higher secondary stage also called the “Intermediate Stage” is considered a part of college education. Higher Secondary Education consists of classes XI and XII. During two years stay a student at the age of 16 years can opt for General education, Professional education and Technical education. The Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) conducts the examination and awards a Certificate of Higher Secondary School Education (HSSC). According to 1979 Education Policy, all schools were to be upgraded to higher Secondary Schools. Higher Education:

To obtain a degree, 4 years of higher education after 10 years of primary and secondary schooling is required. Students who pass their first degree stage are awarded a Bachelor’s degree in arts or science, typically at the age of 19 years. In order to complete an Honors Course at Bachelor’s degree level an additional one year’s study is required. Further, a two years course is required for Master’s degrees who have completed two years Bachelors’ degree. A doctoral degree requires normally 3 years of study after the completion of a master’s degree course. Higher Education Commission (HEC)

Pakistani authorities are much concerned about the development of Higher Education system and particularly about improving the quality of Higher Education. To help achieve their ambitions, The Higher Education Commission (HEC) which was formerly known as the University Grant Commission (UGC) is the primary regulator of Higher Education in Pakistan. In Pakistan, up till 2002, Universities were recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC) which used to draw its powers from The University Grants Commission Act, 1974. The Act was repealed in 2002 by the Higher Education Commission Ordinance 2002.

The responsibilities of Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (HEC) are, * Higher Education Policy * Quality Assurance * Degree Recognition * Development of new institutions and strengthening of existing institutions in Pakistan. It also facilitated the development of higher educational system in Pakistan. Its main objective was to upgrade universities in Pakistan to be centers of education, research and development. The Higher Education Commission (HEC) has played a leading role towards building a knowledge based economy in Pakistan by providing hundreds of doctoral scholarships for education abroad every year.

Dr. Javaid Laghari is the appointed Higher Education Commission’s (HEC) Chairman. Higher Education Commission’s (HEC) autonomous status was revoked and it was brought under the control of the Ministry of Professional and Technical Training in June 2012. But the Honorable Sindh High Court suspended on 18-07-2012 the Notification dated 08-06-2012 in which the HEC was placed under the patronage of Ministry of Professional and Technical Training. Higher Education Commission (HEC) has been given a broad mandate to develop and improve higher education and research.

Good quality in higher education is an essential part of it. Therefore the establishment of Quality Assurance and Accreditation System is one of the Commission’s many important tasks. In addition to the establishment of a Quality Assurance System, many of the other tasks that HEC has contributed to the development of quality in higher education in the country; for example, the standardization of 4 year undergraduate programs and programs for curriculum development where HEC is responsible for supervising curriculum revision work at all levels in higher ducation. For faculty development, considerable emphasis is placed on developing a strong base of faculty members holding PhDs. This involves development of scholarship programs for students to attain PhD degrees both in Pakistan and abroad. Refresher Courses mainly for young teachers have been started. These courses are of three months’ duration and cover teaching and learning skills. Programs for hiring foreign academics to teach and do research in the country are also of great importance for the development of quality in education. Quality Assurance Program

According to information from HEC’s website, the mission of the Quality Assurance Program is to provide an integrated quality and assurance management service for higher learning. The objectives of program are: * To meet the challenges of global compatibility in higher education * To improve the standards of higher learning * To analyze the gaps in the context of quality of higher education in Pakistan * To develop a practical and sustainable mechanism of quality assurance in the higher education of the country. * To improve the standards of higher learning

An advisor of Quality Assurance in HEC is responsible for launching the Quality Assurance Program. Quality Assurance Committee Under the Quality Assurance Program, a Quality Assurance Committee was established in 2003. The committee is consisted of Vice Chancellors from different universities with the aim of having representation from smaller and medium universities and universities for women and to ensure geographical equality. The Committee has an extensive mandate to ensure the evaluation, improvement and promotion of higher education.

The Committee formulates policies, guiding principles and priorities for higher education institutions, prepares plans for the development of the institutions and sets up national or regional evaluation councils to carry out accreditation of institutions. Quality Assurance Agency (QAA) A Quality Assurance Agency has been established, with the following aims: * QAA will organize capacity building training/seminars and workshops on a regular basis to enable the higher education institutions of Pakistan to meet the global challenges of Quality Assurance in higher learning. The Agency will develop policies and guidelines to assure that the quality of higher education is improving at the same level and pace within the country. * Professionals from QAA will serve as master trainers to build capacity in professionals in the Quality Enhancement Cells (QECs). * QAA will also be a monitory and regulatory body to focus on quality and implementation of all desired measures and policies to improve the standards of higher education in Pakistan.

The Agency shall regulate and facilitate the work of the Quality Enhancement Cells (QECs) which will gradually be organized in all Pakistani universities. In the first phase, ten QECs will be established at ten different universities. 1. Foreign Scholarships These scholarships are being offered to intelligent candidates who have a passion for research and development and they are determined to continue their postgraduate studies abroad in MS leading to PhD programs being offered by famous international universities of the world.

After signing a bond to serve the nation for at least 5 years, these aspirants are expected to satisfy their educational desires abroad and return to Pakistan to contribute in the Research and Development environment of the country. The scholarships provide awards for PhD scholarships to universities in leading European and Asian countries with low tuition fees, and include Austria, France, Germany, Sweden, China, Netherlands and Norway etc.

About 10% of the available seats are reserved to support the PhD level training of candidates who have been admitted to a group of carefully selected universities in advanced countries like Australia, USA, UK, New Zealand, Singapore, Canada, etc. based on their strengths in various disciplines (for example; Cambridge, Harvard, Berkeley, MIT, Stanford, NUS, ANU , Massey etc). Foreign scholarships program involves followings; Faculty Development of UESTPs/ UETs Universities of Engineering Sciences and Technology in Pakistan/ Universities of Engineering and Technology) For boosting up of our agricultural and industrial production the availability of highly trained scientists and technologists is a requirement for the absorption of present state-of-the-art technologies as well as for development of new technologies, processes and products Applications are invited from outstanding Pakistani/ Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) nationals for the award of scholarships in selected disciplines for higher studies, Ms leading to PhD in European countries like Germany, Italy, Austria, France etc. nd strengthening the faculty/both in numbers and quality, at existing Universities of Engineering and Technology (UETs) is in line with Government’s priorities to give emphasis to higher education. Minimum Eligibility Criteria: * Pakistani/ Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) nationals. * Candidates must have a minimum of sixteen years of education (MS/M. Sc, B. E/B. Sc / BS Engineering, or equivalent) with a first division or 2. 5/4 CGPA or 3. 5/5 scores whichever is applicable. * A maximum of two second divisions throughout the academic career prior to the final degree. Not less than 50% marks throughout the academic career. * Maximum age on closing date should be 35 years for all others and 40 years for full time regular faculty members of public sector Universities/Colleges and employees of the public sector Research and Development organizations. * Candidates must have acquired the requisite academic qualifications on or before closing date. * If there are candidates who already hold any other HEC scholarship offer are not eligible to apply. Local GRE/GAT (General) Test:

Eligible candidates who have appeared in the GAT-General tests conducted by the National Testing Service (NTS) and obtained 50% or above marks (Accumulative Raw Score) should attach a copy of the NTS result card with the application. Objectives of the program: * The main objective of this program is to produce 1500 PhD level Engineers, Scientists and Technologists who will be the potential faculty members and academic resource persons for the Universities of Engineering Sciences and Technology in Pakistan. To provide highly qualified Engineer, Technologists, and Scientists Manpower in high-tech fields. * High level Science and Technology manpower in Pakistan is a necessity for building Science and Technology capability, modernizing and streamlining our industry, transport and communications, energy, health, agriculture and social set up. Overseas Scholarships for MS / M. Phil leading to PhD The project was approved by Executive Committee of the National Economic Council (ECNEC) in its meeting held on July 29, 2006 at a total cost of Rs. 4522. 35 million for duration of 9 years. The program concentrates on PhD level training of 2000 scholars to be selected on merit, in the technologically advanced countries of the world. Every year 500 scholarships were to be awarded in any discipline so as to complete the intake in 4 years, while return of last batch of scholars will take another next 5 years. Objectives of the program: * To produce highly qualified Engineer, Technologists, and Scientists Manpower in high-tech fields. To build up the capacity of Universities, Research and Development Organizations and Industries in Pakistan through addition of PhDs in priority fields. Minimum Eligibility Criteria for Pakistani / Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) * Candidates must have minimum sixteen years of education (M. Sc, MA, MBA, ME, MS, B. E / B. Sc (Engineering), M. B. B. S or equivalent). * Maximum two second divisions throughout the academic career. * Not less than 50% marks in academic career. 40 years for full time regular faculty members of public sector Universities/Colleges and employees of the public sector Research and Development organizations. * 35 years for all others. * The candidates who are already availing any other HEC/Government scholarship offer, they are not eligible to apply. Benefits and Achievements: * The program would provide our system stimulus for an output and productivity. Major organizations and universities would be increasing their Research and Development by absorbing specialized trained manpower. New Research and Development Projects increasing economic returns can be aunched. * The program would enhance HEC efforts for provision of adequate number of trained PhD manpower, to support technology up gradation, develop high standards of Science and Technology, Humanities and Business education/training in Pakistan and in meeting the challenging needs of our economy. International Research Support Initiative Program Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan offers a six month research fellowship abroad to full time PhD students enrolled in Pakistan to enhance their research capabilities. Eligibility Criteria:

Any full time Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) /Pakistani national PhD students: * Completed coursework of 18 credit hours, at least, (Students enrolled in PhD before July 2005 are exempted from this condition), * To pass the international Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) subject test offered by ETS where applicable or passed the local GRE subject test offered by National Testing Service (NTS). * Who has an approved PhD research topic and synopsis by the Board of Advanced Studies and Research (BASR) or Directorate of Advanced Studies and Research (DASR) or equivalent body of the university. Who has an official acceptance/invitation letter for research from a foreign university/ institute/ lab. The university/ institute must be listed in top 500 universities list as per Times Ranking of World Universities. Objectives of the program: * To enhance the quality of doctoral research in Pakistan. * To produce highly qualified manpower that could contribute towards the development of Pakistan. * To facilitate assimilation, absorption and transfer of important and promising scientific and technological knowledge information to achieve rapid economic progress. To provide opportunities to doctoral students for training/ research work at advanced research labs of reputed universities of abroad and to interact with foreign scientists working at frontiers of knowledge. * To explore avenues for further collaboration internationally. * To introduce the Pakistani talent globally. * To expand information about research in Pakistan. * To bring standard of doctoral research as per with international standards. Partial Support for PhD Studies Abroad

Higher Education Commission has launched a scheme to provide partial financial support to an approximate number of 50 teachers / researchers of public sector universities / degree awarding gradually as well as other Pakistani students who are in the final stages of their (respective) PhD studies abroad. Eligibility Criteria: * Pakistani nationals studying abroad under PhD program in top 500 universities/institutions as per Times World Ranking of Universities are eligible to apply. * Applicant must hold a valid Pakistani passport / appropriate visa (relevant pages along with visa endorsement are attached with the application). Applicant must be in his/her final year of PhD. * Applicant, if faculty member in public sector university or Degree Awarding Institution (DAI)of Pakistan, must apply through his / her parent institution (through VC or Rector or Head of the institution) * After selection for the award of this scholarship, each applicant will have to submit an Agreement and a Surety Bond containing a commitment endorsed by a Guarantor living in Pakistan that the applicant right after completion of his / her PhD studies is bound to come back and serve the country for 2 years, at least.

Objectives of the scheme: * To provide financial support up to US $ 15,000/- to Pakistani scholars who are in the final stages of their PhD studies abroad and need partial support (e. g. tuition, thesis evaluation/submission fee, living expenditure etc) without which their PhD degree program will remain incomplete. * To encourage the faculty of public sector universities / Degree Awarding Institutes (DAI) and Pakistani scholars who are already registered in doctoral program abroad to complete their studies in shorter time period and return home earlier. To enhance Human Resource Development (HRD) activities in the Universities/ Degree Awarding Institutes (DAIs) and produce quality manpower in all field of knowledge with emphasis upon priority discipline. * To establish a long term research collaboration between Pakistani and foreign universities. Commonwealth Scholarships for PhD, Split PhD and Post Doctoral The Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Plan (CSFP) is one of the oldest and most prestigious schemes of its kind in the world.

It was established at the first Conference of Commonwealth Education Ministers in 1959. Over 25,000 Commonwealth citizens have held awards – many going on to reach the very highest levels of their profession. * The scheme envisages the following programs in different fields: * PhD Scholarship Program * Split-Site Doctoral Research Scholarship Program * Applications are invited, through HEC, from Pakistani/AJK nationals, fulfilling eligibility criteria on or before close of the deadlines etc. Eligibility Criteria of Split PhD Scholarship Scheme: Should be officially registered in a doctoral program, at a local Pakistani University, and intend to undertake a period of research in a UK University, for a limited duration which will serve as an integral part of their local PhD program in Pakistan. The application form must be forwarded by head of University, where the applicant is enrolled in local Ph. D Program. * There must be an institutional link between the applicant’s Local/Pakistani University and Host University in UK. * Providing evidence of support from a prospective supervisor at least one of their chosen institutions. Should not have obtained below 50% marks in entire academic career (SSC, HSC, BA/BSc, Masters) * Should have obtained at least 60% or above marks in Masters (MA/MSc or other 16 years of education) or in professional degrees e. g. BE/B. Sc Engineering, MBBS, LLB, MBA or equivalent. * Should have an approved PhD research topic and synopsis by the Board of Advanced Studies and Research (BASR) or Directorate of Advanced Studies and Research (DASR) or equivalent body of the university. * In the fields of medicine and dentistry, have qualified between 1st October, 2002 and 30th September, 2007. Be available to join the scholarship program in United Kingdom by September / October, 2013. * For the fields of Medical and Dentistry, applicants are required to provide Academic IELTS (From AEO or British Council) score card by 2nd week of November 2012, with over all score of 7. 0 and 7. 0 in speaking and 6. 0 in listening, reading and writing. Eligibility Criteria for Post Doctoral / Academic Staff Fellowship Program: * Holding a valid and authentic Doctorate degree. * Intended to do joint / collaborative / ongoing research project and publication with the Host University in UK.

Discrete / separate research will not be considered. * Must be employed for at-least five years, as an academic staff member, in a university, which he/she must join back after completion of studies in UK. The application form must be forwarded by Vice Chancellor / Head of the University, where the applicant is employed. * The Applicant should be nominated by their VCs (or equivalent) / their Executive heads of employing University, which they will join back after completion of studies, etc. Be available to join the scholarship program in United Kingdom by 1st October, 2013 * A letter of acceptance from the UK host academic institution mentioned at the first choice must be included with the application form and confirmed admission must be obtained by November 20th, 2012. Objectives: * To combine academic excellence with the desire to make a real difference in some of the world’s poorest countries. * To establish the standards for selection of scholars between the developing and developed countries by involving both home and host country. To stimulate research and development activities in developing countries of the world. * To provide the highly professional environment to the scholars from all over the world. Fulbright Scholarship Support Program (Masters / PhD, USA) The Scheme envisages Master/MPhil level training of 400-450 candidates and PhD level training of 240-265 candidates depending on tuition fee at US Universities. Scholarships would be awarded mainly in Engineering, Medicine, Science & Technology and some in other fields. Eligibility Criteria: * Eligible applicants will have a Master’s, M.

Phil or comparable degree (a minimum of 16 years of formal education for Master’s and 18 years for Ph. D) from an accredited university. * The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) is required for all applicants. A minimum score of 300 is required on each section of the GRE examination with a higher score on the section most applicable to your field of study. * Applicants must also possess a high level of fluency in spoken and written English. Shortlisted applicants will be required to provide proof of TOEFL registration with them if they are shortlisted for interview.

Although all disciplines (except for clinical medicine) are eligible, priority fields are: * Energy (All aspects including policy, mining of indigenous gas, petroleum and coal resources, hydro-electric power, alternate energy resources, energy conservation etc) * Water and environmental issues including water resource management, water pollution, ground water hydrology, climate change impact etc) * Humanities and social sciences with focus on education, public policy, law, film & television, media and tourism. Veterinary sciences, value added agriculture, agriculture extension, agriculture waster processing. * Nursing, allied health professions, medical technology. The objectives of the scheme are: * To create a critical mass of highly qualified Engineer, Technologists, Scientists Manpower in high-tech fields. * To build up the capacity of Universities in Pakistan through addition 240-265 PhD and 400-450 Master/MPhil in priority fields. * To facilitate assimilation, absorption and transfer of important and promising technologies to get high-tech products and achieve rapid economic progress. To provide opportunities to young talented Scientists/Engineers for training/research work at advanced research labs and reputed universities abroad and interaction with foreign engineers working at frontiers of knowledge, to encourage international cooperation in Engineering, Humanities, Business and Natural & Basic Sciences through harnessing training opportunities offered by friendly countries like USA. 2. Domestic Scholarships| | The scholarships are aimed at creating a pool of specialized scientists and highly skilled professionals trained at MS leading to PhD level in areas which are critical to economic growth.

The fields of study covered under these programs include Science and Technology, Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities and other selected departments of public universities of the country. The primary objective of these programs is to increase indigenous capacities in various fields of science and technology. Regular employees of public sector universities, colleges and R&D organizations having two years of relevant work experience are eligible for this program. The scholars conduct research in various fields of science and technology and are supervised in their research by HEC approved professors. . Indigenous Scholarships: * Indigenous Ph. D. Fellowship Program (5000 Fellowships) * Higher Education Opportunities for Students of Baluchistan and FATA ii. Need based Scholarships: * USAID Funded Merit and Needs-Based Scholarship Program * HEC Need Based Scholarship * HEC-French Need Based Scholarship| 1. Indigenous Ph. D. Fellowship Program The specific objective of the 5000 Indigenous Scholarship Scheme is to create a critical mass of highly qualified human resources in all fields of studies taught at the advanced level in local universities.

These locally qualified academics and researchers will improve the R&D potential of public as well as private universities and it will also strengthen the local industrial sector. With the launching of the scheme, research culture in public/private sector Universities has been developed in accordance with International norms/standards. This project is focused at diversified disciplines belonging to all fields of Science & Technology as well as Social Sciences, Humanities and Life Sciences.

To enhance the research facilities in these fields the Higher Education Commission has funded many Departments/Universities to establish research labs. This has brought tremendous change in research culture of the Pakistani Universities. This scheme also provides funds to the Universities for upgrading their research facilities particularly small laboratory equipment, chemicals, IT equipment etc. which not only facilitates research of the HEC scholar but also serves as an asset for the department to establish up to date research laboratories.

Objectives: * Faculty is the heart and soul of the university, and only with a well-qualified faculty will it be possible to have meaningful development in this sector. Qualified faculty is globally recognized as the key of success in learning institutions because they plays important role in promoting “Change” and lead and to prepare others to lead. * Investing in “human capital” is one of the most important values of any society and one of the most effective means to promote democratic understanding and social justice.

In order to cultivate a set of leaders, it is necessary that the path to leadership be visibly open to talented and qualified individuals of every race and ethnicity. * To enhance the education level and encourage our young talent so that they can contribute in nation building with their technical and professional knowledge. * To promote activities to enhance the quality of learning and teaching across the sector and assists institutions in identifying and fostering excellence. To enhance the research and development activities in Universities /Degree Awarding Institutions (DAIs) in Pakistan by providing funds to the Universities for upgrading their research facilities particularly small laboratory equipment, chemicals, IT equipment etc. which will not only facilitates research of the HEC scholar but also serves as an asset for the department to establish up to date research laboratories to meet the international standards. 2. Higher Education for Students of Baluchistan & FATA Eligibility Criteria: For Undergraduate Program: * Age:                            Maximum 22 years. Domicile:                      Baluchistan or FATA. * Academic Qualification:  Intermediate (HSSC or equivalent) with minimum 60 % marks. For Postgraduate Program: * Domicile:                      Baluchistan or FATA * Academic Qualification:  Bachelor (B. A/B. Sc or equivalent in any discipline) with minimum 45% marks. | Objectives of the Project: * To provide higher education opportunities to students belonging to Baluchistan and FATA. * Enhancing participation rate at different levels of education. * To provide opportunity to the talented students coming from less privilege areas. To provide grooming & learning opportunities and better job chances to the less privileged class of the areas. * To ensure a micro & macroeconomic change and social uplift of the areas. Needs-Based Scholarships| USAID Funded Merit and Needs-Based Scholarship | Financial Support for Meritorious Needs based Scholarship Program is focused on providing opportunities of access to Higher Education to the students belonging to unprivileged and deprived income groups who despite possessing academic merit, are unable to peruse their education due to financial constraints.

A Project Management Unit is dedicated to monitor the day to day activities of this project. The team ensures that the project produces the results, goals and targets specified in the project document. The PMU coordinates with Focal Persons appointed by the university administration in each Students Financial Aid office. | HEC – Financial Support for Meritorious Needy Students Program has achieved its targets very successfully. There are numerous success stories which are true picture of success of this project. These stories depict the exact picture of life of a scholar before and after getting this Scholarship. Project Management Unit under HEC – Financial Support for Meritorious Needy Students Program has launched Online Job Center. This Job Center online database will give access to the corporate employers to search best talent amongst the passed out scholars under this scholarship program. Eligibility * Available at undergraduate and graduate levels Agriculture Sciences & Business Administration. * Secure admission in the approved discipline as per their admission policy and be enrolled in Undergraduate / Graduate programs. Students who will enroll in first professional year in the respective courses offered by the participating institutions are eligible to apply. * Applicant must be from the rural areas of Pakistan. * Neediness of the candidate as determined & assessed by the financial background of his/her family. | HEC Need Based Scholarships | Higher Education Commission (HEC) aims to elevate the socio-economic position of the needy & deserving students by providing access to quality education through needs-based scholarships.

Government of Pakistan (GOP) has also duly acknowledged the financial constraints barring students from acquiring higher education and has thus earmarked substantial funds for the improvement of education sector. According to the national income statistics (by GOP), 80 percent of the families in Pakistan cannot afford the expenses of sending even one boarder to a local public university. Pakistan finished last among a group of 40 countries ranked by the Percentage Share of Enrollment in Private Higher Education (A study by World Bank, 1994) , (Higher Education: The Lessons of Experience, 1994).

On September 11, 2002, the GOP formed the Higher Education Commission (HEC) through a Cabinet Ordinance with a “mandate to transform institutions of higher education into world class seats of learning. ” The Higher Education Commission has started 6000 Scholarships of financially disadvantaged students to study Agriculture and Business Administration Programs since 2004. Objectives: * To provide an opportunity for talented students who are financially disadvantaged and are incapable of meeting higher education costs at 11 partner institutions /universities in the fields of business and agriculture. To provide opportunities for academically qualified, yet financially needy, Pakistani students to continue university studies in selected partner universities of Pakistan in the fields of agriculture and business administration, especially from remote and rural areas of Pakistan (FATA, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Southern Punjab, Baluchistan, and Northern Sindh). | Eligibilty : * Undergraduate & graduate level in all disciplines at the selected public sector Pakistani universities and Degree Awarding Institutions. Students need to compete for securing admission ,as per admission policy of the institution and be enrolled in Undergraduate (4 Years) / Graduate (2 Years) programs. * Already enrolled in the participating institutions are also eligible to apply. * The eligibility of a candidate is linked to neediness and assessed by the Institutional Scholarship Award Committee . * Disciplines will be kept open * Medicine, Pharm-D and other five year programs funding will be made for complete five years.

Every student will be paid Rs 6000 stipend per month for the complete program as well as the actual tuition feeHEC-French Needs Based ScholarshipGovernment of France through its Embassy in Islamabad offered scholarships for the studious but unprivileged students of 6 Pakistani Universities. An impressive ceremony was arranged by the honourable Ambassador of France to Pakistan His Excellency Philippe Thiebaud at the embassy whereas the Chairperson, HEC was the chief guest in the occasion. Vice Chancellors or their representatives of the corresponding universities / institutions participated in the ceremony.

A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was signed by the Ambassador, Chairperson and the vice chancellors. The objective of the MOU is to support the students on the bases of financial destitution. This scholarship will be offered in the fields of Social Science, Business and Architecture to the students of 6 top Pakistani universities. | | | | * To addressed the funds constraints in all income level groups of Pakistan by providing the opportunities to enthusiastic researchers to enhanced / refined tuning of their expertise and capabilities with educational support. To develop a research sector that is dynamic, and has the capacity to respond flexibly to a changing research environment and which will address the issues of entire sectors of Pakistan. * To develop professional and technical sound manpower to supplement the need of the Industrial growth that is considered to be a back bone of the economy. * To develop a manpower who can serve in industry, R&D, agriculture and defense related organizations. Eligibility Undergraduate and graduate level in the prescribed disciplines at the selected Pakistani universities and Degree Awarding Institutions. * Students need to compete for securing admission, as per admission policy of the institution and be enrolled in Undergraduate (4 Years) / Graduate (2 Years) programs. * Only those students who are enrolled in first professional year in the respective courses offered by the participating institutions are eligible to apply. * The eligibility of a candidate is linked to Neediness & Assessed by the financial background of his/her family. Analysis

In our point of view It is also important to mention here that HEC’s local scholarship programmes, in addition to supporting HEC scholars, also support the local universities in upgrading the infrastructure of research facilities at universities particularly laboratory equipment, chemicals and other necessary material, which are not only used by HEC scholars but will also be an asset for future researchers. The local universities are successfully meeting the basic purpose of these funds by supporting and establishing up-to-date research laboratories for the scholars that helps the potential researchers to produce fruitful results.

We have interviewed some HEC scholarship holders to know what benefits and problems they are facing while availing the scholarships and after the scholarships. Following questions were asked in interview: * Name * Department * Degree * Are you satisfied with the HEC scholarship merit base scholarship system? * How much stipend from HEC you are receiving? * Are you receiving it on time? * Is the scholarship fulfilling all your degree requirements and charges? * Are you satisfied with the scholarship? * Are you satisfied with the Management of the HEC? * If No kindly explain why you are not satisfied? Tell us some advantages of the scholarships? * Do you feel increase in education after these scholarships schemes in your area? * What future you are watching after the completion of your degree? * What modifications you need in the HEC scholarships schemes especially on Domestic level? We have interviewed seven students and answers of the above questions were these * Name & Degree Ismael Khan – Masters in Animal Sciences Iqbal Hussain – Masters in Economics Sohail Ahmed – Masters in Animal Sciences Fareed Khan- Masters in Environmental Sciences Sobia Jabeen – PHD in Physics

Samina Gulistan – PHD in Electronics Syeda Uzma Gardazi- PHD in Computer Sciences * Are you satisfied with the HEC scholarship merit base scholarship system? * 80% said yes * 20% said No * Are you satisfied with the Management of the HEC? * 100% said No because they never received scholarships on time due to which they pay their fees by taking loan from others. HEC also don’t response properly when they call them about the status of scholarship. * How much stipend from HEC you are receiving? * Masters students are receiving per month Rs. 6000 and all the fee dues * PHD scholars are receiving per month Rs. 3000 and all fee dues * Are you receiving it on time? * 100% said No * Is the scholarship fulfilling all your degree requirements and charges? * 100% said No * Are you satisfied with the scholarship? * 70% said we are not fully satisfied with it. * If No kindly explain why you are not satisfied? * They are not satisfied because the per month stipend which they are receiving don’t fulfill their requirements of the study. As there scholarships schemes were passed few years back like in 2006 or 2007 and in these 4 to 5 years inflation took place. * Tell us some advantages of the scholarships? In Fata and Baluchistan the craze towards education got increase now many people wants to study till master’s level by availing these scholarships. * Literacy rate got increased. * Many students who have some personal issues and can’t fulfill the educational dues they avail this opportunity and study. * Do you feel increase in education after these scholarships schemes in your area? * 100% said Yes * What future you are watching after the completion of your degree? * In Pakistan job opportunities are very less now as we see the current situation.

There is a contract between HEC and students that he will serve the Pakistan after completion of the degree. So when we will not get any opportunity then how we will serve Pakistan and will fulfill our contract. * What modifications you need in the HEC scholarships schemes especially on Domestic level? * There should be proper management. * Funds should be released on time. * Stipend should be increased according to the economic condition of Pakistan. * Job opportunity should be created for the scholarship holders. Suggestions:

From interviews we have observed that most of the scholarship holders are happy that HEC took initiative of these schemes but they are not satisfied with the management, stipend and after the degree the job opportunities in Pakistan. These three are the main issues of the domestic scholarships * Management: HEC is management is not good because they are not managing the scholarships properly. Like students don’t get their monthly scholarships on time due to which they face different problems and hurdles in their studies. There should be proper management of the resources so students can receive their funds on time.

They can make proper established HR process for the schemes in which all students will get scholarships on time. * Stipend: Stipend which students are receiving is not fulfilling their educational requirements. There should be proper upgrading in the stipend according to the increase in the inflation rate in Pakistan. * Job opportunities in Pakistan: HEC should properly designed job opportunities for the scholarship holders so they can serve Pakistan. This will improve the Pakistan’s economic condition as well as will decrease the brain drain. People will be interested in serving the Pakistan instead of the foreign countries. Long Term Planning: HEC should do the long term planning like when a student will complete the degree what and how he will return or fulfill the contract. As many of the PHD scholars who went to abroad for the studies they are settling there. Because they are saying they don’t get any good job opportunity in Pakistan which they are receiving there. So they don’t come back and the whole money HEC spend on them should be considered as a loss. We think for now HEC should stop issuing the new scholarships they should spend money for the time being on attracting those students who have already availed these opportunities.

We should spend money for creating job opportunities for them in Pakistan so they can serve their services and the money which Pakistan have spend on them can get it back in this form. They should do the research that they have given the scholarships to these numbers of people and now we need to check the job opportunity for them and as soon as they complete their education HEC place them to that area till the fulfillment of the contract. If HEC will not consider these issues and will not solve them on time this can be big loss for them as well as for the Pakistan.

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