In the time period of 1862 to 1865, when Lincoln takes office in March 4th to his assassination, the United States was dealing with the issues of preserving the Union. In determining whether Lincoln’s goals to preserve the Union by freeing the slaves, one must assess the knowledge of their relationship. Politically, President Lincoln tried to convince the political groups that abolishing slavery would help preserve the Union; intellectually, he gave the idea of ending slavery to the citizens through speeches; and socially, after Lincoln freed the slaves, they were pursued to join the war for the Union’s cause.
In order for Lincoln to save the Union, he would find it inevitable to end the slavery issue. Politically, Lincoln used his political skills to gain support for his beliefs with the issue of slavery. Lincoln had to deal with the issue of slavery anyways, so he took the political approach by pursuing political and religious groups. In Document A, Lincoln was convincing Congress to resolve the slavery problem within the Union.
In March 1862, Lincoln told Congress that “The Federal government would find its highest interest in such a measure as one of the most efficient means of self preservation. Lincoln plants the idea of an Emancipation Proclamation be put into effect so Congress can resolve the issue of freeing the slaves. The “most efficient” way, quoted from Document A, would be the best way to preserve the Union. Lincoln then begins to sell the idea of the Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863 in Document B. Lincoln knows that they will have to free the slaves; it seems that he has to deal with it. However, he believes that they have to be smart about setting them free, for Lincoln states in Document B that “…
I am not so sure we could do much with the blacks…” Lincoln feels if they armed the slaves, the weapons would soon be in the hands of the rebels, which he wants to prevent from happening. Lincoln does not want another John Brown event (Harper’s Ferry) to occur, because it would all lead back to Lincoln and his wrong decisions/ actions. He is taking precaution, but he still is using his knowledge of being a lawyer to help gain the support of the religious groups. He also brings up the fact that freeing the slaves could help them with their political issues with Europe.
France and Britain would certainly be affected if the United States were to end slavery; if so they would back off from entering the war. The Emancipation Proclamation was put into effect in order to trick/mislead France and Britain into thinking that Lincoln was doing well in the war, which meant that the South was losing. However, at this time of 1863, the South is winning the war. They have been beating the North, which feared Lincoln because he did not want Europe to interfere with his nation. Putting the Emancipation Proclamation into effect would buy Lincoln some time to resolve the issue.
Then again however, Robert E. Lee wants to beat Lincoln in the war of Gettysburg to prove to France and Britain that Lincoln is wrong. However, overall Lincoln had to end slavery anyways because that was the only solution left. The United States had already tried compromises that never lasted/worked. The only solution left to face was just freeing the slaves. Because Lincoln planted the idea of the Emancipation Proclamation, which was difficult to get into the heads of others but ended up working, he then pursued what was acquired in Document D to occur. It is a recruiting poster for the 54th Massachusetts Regiment in 1863.
This shows that the freed slaves are able join the war; which can also tie into Document B when Lincoln recites his speech for the option of having the blacks join the war. This poster was a motivation/ propaganda tactic for the freed blacks to finally take part in the war effort. This was all achieved politically in order to preserve the Union. Intellectually, Lincoln planted the ideas of ending slavery in order to save the Union. He did this by reciting speeches to both political and religious groups, gaining more support for the Emancipation Proclamation.
In Document B, Lincoln gives his speech to a religious group in Chicago, before the Emancipation Proclamation was put into effect. There he was selling the idea that the blacks should be freed, but making sure that his audience knew what precautions he wanted to avoid (e. g. , arming the blacks, which could lead to the hands of the rebels stated in Document B). In another speech, in Document E, Lincoln is reciting a speech to the Democratic Party, his opposing party; which shows that he was talking to all groups, not just his own. He tells the Democrats, that they cannot avoid slavery if they want to preserve the Union.
He stated in Document E, “I issued the proclamation on purpose to aid you in saving the Union. ” Lincoln explains that the Emancipation Proclamation was put into order to help the Democrats save the Union. However, this is not really one of Lincoln’s reasons for the proclamation. He is basically just having the Democrats agree on his new order in order to help/ join the war. Lincoln uses his mind tricks to make the Democratic Party feel guilty for not aiding/fighting to free the “negroes,” quoted in Document E; which at this time in August 26, 1863, the South is winning the war.
Because the South is winning the war, the Emancipation Proclamation was made to mislead/ trick Europe into entering the war. Lincoln is using his experience of being a lawyer to intellectually find a solution with the relationship with both France and Britain. Then again, Lincoln puts the Proclamation into effect because that is the only solution left. There are no more compromises to be made because the nation has tried them already. The past helps the reasons of coming to the end by freeing the slaves. By doing so, Lincoln solved the solution by the only way possible, by thinking that freeing the slaves was the final solution.
This was the relationship between preserving the Union and freeing the slaves. Socially, both the political and religious groups in society had to realize the fact that the blacks were needed to be free in order to save the Union. Once the Emancipation Proclamation was put into effect, the slaves had to change their lifestyles now that they were free. Not only just the blacks were affected, but the South directly. There was now a change from working the labor hours on the farm, to now being free and jobless. However, in Document D, the recruiting poster of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment offers a job opening to colored men of African descent.
Here is where the slaves can have the option of joining the whites in order to help the war effort. They are being brought together in order to save the Union. Some of the blacks are now offering and willing to fight for a cause bigger than their own. It is proven through Document E, when Lincoln is giving his speech to the Democratic Party. In the quote, “You say you will not fight to free the negroes. Some of them seem willing to fight for you, but, no matter…” Lincoln is stating the fact that while some of the blacks are out fighting to save the Union, other groups in society (e. g. , the Democrats, the South) re not doing anything. However, at this time of August 1, 1863, the South is winning the war. So the Democrats still seem to have a strong opinion with the way Lincoln solved the issue of freeing the slaves. The whole reason the Emancipation Proclamation was made was because all compromises failed. This leads to society and how it affected every law issued for the blacks. If there wasn’t a problem socially, then the whole war wouldn’t have erupted into the magnitude or the duration. This is socially achieved because Lincoln ended the issue of slavery, which was all done in order to save the Union.
In conclusion, Lincoln did all that he could in order to preserve the Union. Ending slavery was probably one of the biggest solutions the United States had to achieve. Lincoln preserved the Union politically by using his political skills to convince the groups within the Union; intellectually, he planted the ideas that slavery should be abolished; and socially, the slaves were pursued to join the war after they had been free. Slavery, which was an inevitable issue Lincoln had to face, was ended in order to preserve the Union.
Cite this Lincoln’s Goals
Lincoln’s Goals. (2017, Mar 13). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/lincolns-goals/