Cultural heritage includes tangible culture (such as buildings, monuments, landscapes, books, works of art, and artifacts), intangible culture (such as folklore, traditions, engage, and knowledge), and natural heritage (including culturally significant landscapes, and biodiversity). The deliberate act of keeping cultural heritage from the present for the future is known as preservation (American English) or conservation (British English), though these terms may have more specific or technical meaning in the same contexts in the other dialect.
Cultural heritage is unique, irreplaceable and beautiful which places the responsibility of preservation the current generation.
Smaller objects such as artworks and other cultural masterpieces are collected in museums and art galleries. Grass roots organizations and political groups, such as the international body UNESCO, have been successful at gaining the necessary support to preserve the heritage of many nations for the future generations to cherish.
Punjab Punjab (Urdu: pain-b, “five waters”: listen (helpline)), also spelled Punjab, is the most developed and populous province of Pakistan with approximately 56% of the country’s total Lahore is the provincial capital and Punjabi main cultural, historical, administrative and economic center.
Punjab (the land of five rivers) is the biggest land area of Pakistan and is popularly now for its culture. It shares most of its cultural and carnival values with Indian culture. According to population, 56% of the total population of the country is situated in Punjab Province.
It has a total of 36 districts and contributes approximately 50-60 % of the economy. Punjabi Culture is one of the oldest in world history, dating from ancient antiquity to the modern era. The scope, history, complexity and density of the culture are vast. Some of the main areas of the Punjabi culture include: Punjabi cuisine, philosophy, poetry, artistry, music, architecture, traditions and values and history. Some cities of Punjab have more importance for Sikh community from India.
The founder of Sikh religion was born in Nana Sahib’s, a district of Punjab so Sikh from different parts of world come and visits Punjab. Jagging tomb and Baddish Massed in Lahore are the important places of Pakistan. Data Sahib’s is very scared place in Punjab and most of the people come and visit Data sahib’s every year. People Punjabi people are very warm hearted and fun loving. Punjabi are heterogeneous group comprising of different tribes, clans, communities and are known to celebrate each and every tradition of their culture.
People of Punjab have strong beliefs on PRI-faster, jog, tweeze, manta-aka-dacha, saint of repute, black magic, and other superstitions, however recently due to increase of literacy, people have become somewhat rational . Punjabi also believe in cast system but as now people are getting educated, the differences are getting blurred. Some popular casts of Punjabi are; Cats, Emails, Mussels, Rains, Jaguars, Awns, Ragouts, Sharks, Shakers, Sheikhs, Rashers, Gambols, Nazis, Leghorns, Shocks, Dogmas, Theme, Marin, Squishier, and Seeds. N villages’ people usually live n small communities (barriers), however they live in peace and harmony with each other. They take active part in the happiness/grieve of each other and give a great deal of respect to their culture, norms and run their lives according to their set traditions. Punjabi people are famous for their hospitable and loving nature. Languages Punjabi is the provincial language of Punjab. It is spoken as the first language by majority people in Punjab, even spoken and understood in areas beyond the confines of Punjab.
Facts and figures show that Punjabi language is spoken as first language by 44% of Pakistanis. Urdu language is also commonly spoken in this region. Key Punjabi languages/dialects are: Potpourri Hinder Shanghai Shapiro Pariah Major Sari Dresses of Punjab are an indication of the bright and vibrant culture and lifestyle of the people. The costumes are a mix of colors, comfort and beauty and Punjab is well known for the use of pillars(embroidery) in its costumes. In most of the villages of Punjab men wear Pager(turban), dhoti/lack, Kurt, shush.
Women wear gharry, or corridor pajama or colorful shallow kamikaze, paranoid, chili/adapt, shush, kola purr chapel or tidily wall jutting. Whereas in urban areas of Punjab men and women follow latest trends and fashion, generally they wear different styles of shallow kamikaze. Cuisine The extensive cuisine of Punjab can be vegetarian and non-vegetarian. One commonality between all Punjabi dishes is the liberal usage of ghee or clarified butter spices and Punjabi are fond of sweet-meats also. Most Punjabi food is eaten with either rice or root.
There are some dishes that are exclusive to Punjab such as Amah Did Deal, Paragraph, Make ski roots, Saran Dad Saga, and in cities Cooley, Halley, Bargain and other spicy dishes are popular. In beverages, tea is consumed in all seasons and as a custom most of Punjabi serve tea to their guests. Punjabi are also fond of Izard, Gulag-Cajuns, Cheer, Syllabi,Samos, Passkey etc. During summers people drink lass, Dodd-soda, allow bookmaker aka charts, lemonade etc. These cuisines have become world-wide delicacies with large scale representation.
Sports Punjabi people have fanatical interest in sports. Punjabi are fond of kabuki, and wrestling, which is also popular in other parts of Pakistan and it’s also played on national level. Other games being played in Punjab region include Gill-Danna, Shoo-Shoo, Yaks-Panda, Pith-Grammar, Loud, Chapin-Chapeau, Barf-Pain, Chancy and some major sports include cricket, boxing, horse-racing, hockey and football. National Horse and Cattle Show at Lahore is the biggest festival where sports, exhibitions, and livestock competitions are held.
Cultural Festivals There are numerous festivals which are celebrated by Punjabi people including some religious festivals such as Did-Milady-Un-Nab, Jejunum, Layout-LU-Quad etc. Arcs (devotional fairs),which are held at the shrines of Suffix saints, Meals and Gnomish (exhibitions). The Provincial capital Lahore is widely popular for its entertaining events and activities. Loris’s are famous all over the country for their celebrations particularly for Basalt festival (kite flying) in the spring season. Other festivals celebrated in Punjab region include Basilisk, Tees, Kane Kate etc.
Dance and Music Banger is most commonly known Punjabi music genre and dance style. Punjabi passionately love folk songs/music, Quail and Punjabi music is recognized throughout the world. The Table, Dhal, Dholes, China, Flute and Sitar are all common instruments of this delightful culture. Punjabi dance is based around happiness, energy and enthusiasm. Different forms of dance in Punjab are: Loads, Dunham, Sammie, Kill, Gate, Banger, Giddy and Dandify. Punjabi dances have been embraced by the American culture and others alike and now they are one of the most appreciated art forms.
Customs and Rituals Some of the customs followed in Punjab have no foundation in Islam. However, the Punjabi culture has adopted those ceremonies and traditions from Hindu culture. Birth Rituals Punjabi celebrate birth of their child with great enthusiasm. Grandfather or grandmother or some respected elder member from the family puts honey with their index finger in child’s mouth called Shutting. Sweets are distributed among friends and relatives and people bring gifts for the child and mother. Generally on today child’s head is shaven and Aqua ceremony is held, also sheep/goat is slaughtered.
Punjabi Weddings Punjabi weddings are based on traditions and are conducted with strong reflection of the Punjabi culture followed by several pre-wedding customs and rituals (dholes,Amman,Bhutan etc. )Punjabi weddings are very loud, energetic, full of music,colors, fancy-dresses, food and dancing. Punjabi weddings have many customs and ceremonies that have evolved since traditional times. In cities the wedding are celebrated following a blend of modern and traditional customs and the ceremony generally lasts for days, Emends, Bart (Nikkei+Rousakis) and William, followed by Chaotic (bringing the bride back to her parents’ home the next day).
Funeral Rituals At funerals after mamas-e-Joanna it is customary to offer lunch to people who came for condolence. On ready of the funeral, CUL is held and every following Thursday the Quern is recited (jump-e-rata) followed by prayers for deceased and after days the Callahan is held. After which the funeral is over. Some implies observe anniversaries yearly (bars). There is no formal dress code for Punjabi funerals however people mostly wear shallow kamikaze and casual clothing is observed. Funerals of Shih families are more intense.
Both men and women wear black shallow-kamikaze and rigorous crying and screaming is a common occurrence at such funerals. Literature Punjab is very rich with literature and Suffix adds more in its literature. Punjabi poetry is renowned for its extremely deep meaning, beautiful and hopeful use of words. The large number of Punjabi poetry is being translated throughout the world into many languages. Some famous poets of Punjabi are Sultan Bah, Aim Mohammad Basks, Baby Afraid, Shah Hussein, Near Mason etc.
Wards Shah, whose contribution to Punjabi literature is best-known for his seminal work in Here Ranch, known as Shakespeare of Punjabi language. Bullet Shah was a Punjabi Suffix poet, a humanist and a philosopher. The verse from Bullet Shah primarily employed is called the Kafka, a style of Punjabi. Some other popular folk tales of Punjab include Assai-Pun, Johns Minimal etc. That are passing through generations. Arts and Crafts Punjab is the major manufacturing industry in Pakistanis economy and here each art enjoys a place of its own.
The main crafts created in the highlands and other rural areas of Punjab are basketry, pottery, which are famous for their modern and traditional designs all over the world and are included in the best formations of Punjabi. Bone work, textile, cloth woven on handloom with stunning prints is embroidered in the rural-areas and the weavers produce colorful cloths like cotton,silk etc. Embroidery, weaving, carpets, stone craft, jewelry, metal work along with truck art and other wood works. The craft of Punjab is its fundamental soul and its craft create its entity.
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