Why Do Countries Create Alliances?
Countries believe that forming alliance can protect their sovereignty and security of their nation. The alliance can be beneficial but it can also be harmful, where there is no benefit out of it. Alliances each have their own purpose and meaning. Throughout history countries have made alliances to protect social and economic interests among themselves. When countries have others besides them it is easy to say that they are benefiting from the alliance. Countries can carry out plans with other countries, which make it simpler as a group, but there will always be the disadvantages.
Not all members would want to be part of the alliance but if it protects their sovereignty then they would do anything to do so. Countries make alliances with countries for different motives, interests and to be in a better strategic position. It can be more than protecting the nation but also putting your country one step further with an alliance. One of the many objectives of creating alliances with other countries is complete or carries out plans. These plans may have different variations of interest among countries.
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Some countries make temporary alliances just to have their own interests not threatened by each other. Countries may share similar interest and create similar tasks where each of them can be involved and help each other. An example of this is the Cuban Missile Crisis. Cuba and the Soviet Union were both communist and shared similar interests. The Soviet Union created an alliance with Cuba and used Cuba by placing missiles within Cuba to protect itself from the United States of America.
We see that countries that form multiple alliances seem stronger but these alliances mean nothing if there is any sign of a strategic twist. Countries look for support from other countries when they have similar interest but also when they have concerns and are worried about their country. They look to other countries that can help them from a military stand point as well as an economic stand point. Hitler made allies with Italy and Japan because he needed some one in the pacific to keep the United States of America occupied while he had the advantage in Europe.
Hitler had no interest in Japan or Italy but the alliance was made so he could carry out his plans. He put their sovereignty and security at stake as well as his own when he made this alliance. This shows the risks of an alliance rather than the alliance being a ticket of protection. Some countries may be in an area where they are threatened by other countries and need to create alliances to help them with their objective and motives. Alliances have different variations when formed according to the situation at the moment.
Alliances can be formed to be intimidating forces towards different countries or alliances. The alliances of the World Wars were different kinds of alliances in a war situation. We had Germany and its allies as an offensive alliance as they started the conflict and Great Britain with its allies as a defensive alliance against Germany. Offensive alliances are formed when the interests of countries is to have military strength and prosper by dominating others. A defensive alliance could be the alliance that is created to counter an offensive alliance.
The Triple Alliance was an offensive alliance where all members were bound on spreading their ideas on to the world while the Triple Entente was created to counter the Triple Alliance and stop their radical ideas and maintain world peace which is another reason to create an alliance. These types of alliances carried on into post World War Europe or the Cold War. We still has an offensive alliance and a defensive alliance being created. The Soviet Union was now making allies with developing nations, creating an Eastern Bloc.
These formations of alliances obviously posed a threat to non-communist countries and they needed to counter the offensive Soviet Union who was determined to balance out power of military strength. The defensive alliance in the Cold War was NATO, which was formed just to stop the Soviet Union from trying to start another war. The members of NATO were limited to countries that were known allies in the western hemisphere. This would reduce any backstabbing or surprise attacks within the alliance.
An alliance is believed to protect a country but the enemy could be an ally but it doesn’t take too long before they take the other member’s sovereignty. All countries look for an advantage when making an alliance with another country. This doesn’t always happen and things go wrong in alliance that neither country wants. There are many advantages with making alliances with other countries. It may seem that there no disadvantages to creating an alliance but there disadvantages to an alliance with other countries. An alliance made to protect each other but that doesn’t always happen.
The alliance can turn the other way and your alliance member could be a possible enemy such as the Nazi – Soviet Pact between Russia and Germany. Hitler made an alliance with Stalin to split Poland between them and so Stalin thought he would have enough time to mobilize while Hitler went west. Hitler already had made plans to double cross Stalin and this alliance turned bitter. It was the alliance where the other member was the enemy and tricked you. Every country has its own set of beliefs among each other and its own view points of other countries.
An interest between governments creates alliances but one member will occasionally be at a disadvantage when there are problems. A problem would be that in an alliance, the military personal such as high ranking officers will have different opinions with other military personal. A difference of opinion between individuals or groups will create disagreement which could initially jeopardize the alliance as it could crumble within the positions of power. During World War 2, there were two individuals that had to work together. The two individuals were General Patton, who was an American General and General Montgomery who was a British General.
These two individual had interesting views about each which created a natural rivalry and a competition of who could reach Berlin first. Anyone who saw this potentially thought that they hated each other. Thankfully this did not change the fact that the Allies were going to stop Hitler but it is a good example of how countries could have different viewpoints of each other which could be a disadvantage to some countries. Even though there are different types of alliances, countries look for one alliance when there is no war or they’re in a post war situation, a economic alliance.
Alliances for countries are usually considered to be military alliances which the most common throughout history. There is no need for war or potential threat of war to develop alliances. Countries that are still developing often look to more powerful nations to help them develop faster and to help spread ideologies with the help more influential countries. Developing countries find it hard to get their country growing and often look to other countries to help them do this. During the Cold War, developing countries opted to favor communism as it became popular after World War 2.
Since Communism became so popular, smaller developing countries had communist parties coming into power. Now these new developing countries turned to the Soviet Union to make alliances rather than the United States to help build up their countries. This would be considered a trade alliance even though the developing countries could have potential military alliances. These developing countries would often have influence from the Soviet Union and we saw that the United States helped other countries stop the communist alliances by making alliances communist threatened countries such as South Vietnam.
Even though war broke out between them, the United States after suffering many looses decided to just aid South Vietnam in the war. This was a potential military alliance that had no benefits and the United States did accomplish their task but they tried to keep a alliance to help South Vietnam against North Vietnam. A developing country does not always need weapons and money to progress. There are moments when smaller countries must make an alliance with energy super powers. An energy superpower is a country that controls most of the world’s energy.
Alliances can be built on the terms of helping another country with their energy problem but the receiving end could be in trouble because this type of alliance could be cut off at any time. In the Cold War, communist countries look to Why do countries make the choices they do when they form alliances? Many factors come into play when creating an alliance with another country and deciding what is needed in the alliance. Why do countries have a strong belief that making allies will protect their sovereignty and security but have no risks to loose it all?
Security could mean anything such as helping another country’s weak points or making sure that it never reaches a point were it is not able to develop or be of any use in the alliance. The easiest explanation of why countries look to make alliances is internationalism. Internationalism is a political movement that states that the economic and political cooperation between countries would benefit everyone. This is the system that opposes ultra nationalism such as the Soviet Union. Internationalism provides a mutual alliance between countries and they know that their security and sovereignty is safe but ultra nationalism is the opposite.
Ultra nationalism is not always mutual as displayed by the Soviet Union. When they created the Eastern Bloc, which were alliances with new communist countries, they used them to rebuild the Soviet Union. They were being strategic with their alliances and had no interests that were of any significance. The Allies at the end of the Second World War could be seen as a strategic alliance. They protected their security and sovereignty but soon lost interest and had their own views of the world after the war, which was the cause of such distrust among them, eventually leading the alliance crumbling to the ground.
These countries believed that they could protect their sovereignty and they did but there was the Soviet Union that had lost the most in hope of being part of the alliance. Alliances must be seen guaranteed form of protection and to perceive such a thing is foolish without knowing your allies. Alliances are seen as forms of protection but at times a country may forget that there are other points that help make an alliance successful. Countries that make alliances must look at any possible situation they could be in and determine whether they want to be part of that alliance or not.
Motives, interests and plans influence a countries choice to make an alliance. They make strategies to determine whom they want to be allies with. An alliance is just more than protecting sovereignty. An alliance should be mutual and help everyone progress or reach their goal without harming each other. Countries must not perceive that their sovereignty is protected when they are in an alliance as things can change if they are not aware of the intention of their allies. Word Count: 1880 Hamza Ullah History Should countries perceive that alliances protect their sovereignty? May 29, 2012 Miss Washburn