The lake is holding a entire catchment country of 337 km2. out of which Telbal-Dachigham is largest catchment ( 234 km2 ) . which is further divided into the Telbal-Dara ( 89 km2 ) and Dachigham National Wildlife Reserve ( 141 km2 ) sub-catchments. While most of the Dachigham National Wildlife Reserve is drained chiefly by Dachigham Creek ( perennial flows ) . which splits into smaller watercourse in its lower ranges: ( 1 ) Telbal Creek. ( 2 ) Pishpuw Creek. and ( 3 ) Meerakshah Creek. These watercourses enter the Hazratbal Basin of Dal Lake from the north-northeast. Lake Hillside catchment ( 46 km2 ) rises from 1582 m to 2924 m above sea degree.
High lifts in this catchment are largely bare. except for thin bases of Pinus. Deodar and Kail located on ridges and along southern inclines. Its lower inclines are being quickly developed for residential usage. and hotels. eating houses. and shopping promenades with associated parking tonss have been constructed in riparian countries adjacent to the lake. In comparing. Srinagar Centre ( 14 km2 ) and Srinagar North ( 24 km2 ) catchments are largely level and about wholly urbanised. being chiefly within Srinagar City. Major subdivisions of downtown Srinagar City are within the Srinagar Centre catchment. in which there are negligible countries of undeveloped land. Dal Lake has three mercantile establishments. one to the South. and two one to the West. The Dal Lock Gate and Nallah Amir Khan mercantile establishments are regulated by a weir system. and flow about twelvemonth unit of ammunition. while the Brari-Numbal escape discharges out H2O by gravitation into River Jehlum.
NeedThe lakes are capable to debasement from natural causes such as siltation and accretion of foods brought with the H2O fluxing in to the lake. However. human activity untempered with consideration for the environmental wellness of lakes has immensely accelerated their debasement. The causes lie both in the catchment every bit good as inside the lake. It begins with the alteration in the land usage. It consequences in stripping of inclines of tree screen. spread outing the country under agribusiness. building of residential and commercial composites in the environing country with liquid waste being discharged in to the lake.
Diversion of H2O that would flux into the lake for other intents such as irrigation and imbibing. and invasion of the lake and transition of land under H2O in to dry land by spread outing drifting gardens are other of import causes of debasement. Inside dal lakes people live. transport out cultivation in H2O and dispatch their waste in to the H2O organic structure. The effect of these and other activities for the Dal Lake. has been that debasement of changing grades has set in them. In position of the importance of Dal Lake and increasing menace to its preservation it is necessary to come up with assorted be aftering schemes which can assist us be after the milieus countries in such a manner that the dekaliter is preserved and restored to its original beauty.
AimThe aim adopted is to fix a assorted planning schemes which will assist to transform the unplanned into planned is such a manner that is Sustainable. Environment Friendly. Cost Effective and improves Ecology with minimal intercessions and supplanting and serves the diverse involvements of assorted interest holders involved ( hotel proprietors. shikara walas. houseboat inhabitants etc ) in an optimum mode.
ScopeThe range of the thesis has been limited to confines of the existent country of dekaliter includind the natation gardens and its catchment country. An attempt has beeb made to analyze the impact of colonies ( in and around ) on dal lake and come up with planning schemes for the same. The emphasis is to place the chief jobs and issues due to which dekaliter is deteriorating and come up with possible solutions for that. DATA IDENTIFICATION
Maps- current land usage and old land usage ( Beginning: TPO. LAWDA ) Population –Tables ( beginning: sda. lawda )Beginnings of pollution ( point. non point ) – maps. tabular arraies ( beginning: lawda. ueed ) Status of lake country1-reduction in H2O channel 2- fresh H2O inflow – maps. statictical informations ( beginning: lawda. tpo )