George Balanchine Research Paper George Balanchine Essay

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George Balanchine, or originally Georgy Melitonovich Balanchivadze, a

Russian-born choreographer, is recognized as one of the foremost

choreographers in the history of concert dance.

George was among a coevals of terpsichoreans who spent the old ages of World

War 1 at the Imperial school of concert dance at the Mariinsky theater - George Balanchine Research Paper George Balanchine Essay introduction. George was the

boy of a composer, and he besides studied music from 1921 to 1924 at the

Petrograd Conservatory in St. Petersburg.

As a pupil Balanchine had already tried stage dancing. His first work in

1920 was a short piece danced to Anton Rubinsteins Nuit. He besides

choreographed plants for the eventides of experimental concert dance performed by

himself and his co-workers at the State school of Ballet. These early plants

were criticized as excessively avant & # 8211 ; guarde.

In 1924 Balanchine was one of four terpsichoreans who left the freshly formed Soviet

Union for a circuit of Western Europe. All four terpsichoreans were invited by

Impresario Sergei Diaghitev to try out for his Ballet Russes in Paris and were

accepted into the company.

Diaghitev besides had his oculus on Balanchine as a choreographer aswell, and after

watching him present a new version of the company s Stravinsky concert dance, Le

chant de Rossignol, Diaghitev hired him as concert dance maestro to replace

Bronislava Nijinska.

Shortly after this, Balanchine suffered a articulatio genus hurt which limited his dance

and made him perpetrate to full & # 8211 ; clip stage dancing. Balanchine served as a

concert dance maestro with the Ballet Russes until the company was dissolved following

Diaghitev s decease in 1929.

Balanchine returned to Paris in 1933 and formed his ain company, Les

Ballets.

Boston & # 8211 ; born dance Connoisseur Lincoln Kirstein had a dream to set up an

American school of concert dance that would be and even equal the established

European schools.

Balanchine was persuaded to travel to America and he became the

choreographer for the School of American Ballet, which was founded in 1934.

The school remains in operation today, preparation pupils for the New York

City Ballet and companies throughout the United States and the universe.

The first concert dance Balanchine choreographed in America was Serenade, to

music by Tschaikovsky. It was created as a workshop for pupils and had its

universe premiere out-of-doorss on an estate in New York.

In 1935, Kirstein and Balanchine set up a touring company of terpsichoreans from the

school and called it The American Ballet. That same twelvemonth, the Metropolitan

Opera invited the company to go its resident concert dance, with Balanchine as

the concert dance Master. Tight support permitted Balanchine to mount merely two

wholly dance & # 8211 ; oriented plants while with the Metropolitan Opera, a

dance-drama version of Glucks Orfeo and Eurydice and an all-Stravinsky

plan, having a resurgence of one of Balanchine s foremost ballets. Apollo.

Despite the popular and critical success, Balanchine and the Metropolitan

Opera separated in early 1938.

Balanchine spent his following old ages learning at the school and working in musical

theater and degree Fahrenheit

ilms. In 1941, he and Kirstein assembled the American Ballet

Caravan, which toured South America with Balanchines new creative activities

Concerto Barocco and Ballet Imperial. From 1944 to 1946, Balanchine was

called in as artistic manager to assist regenerate the Ballet Russes de Monte Carlo.

In 1946, Balanchine and Kirstein collaborated once more to organize Ballet Society, a

company which introduced New York subscription & # 8211 ; merely audiences to such

new Balanchine works as The Four Dispositions and Stravinsky s

Renard and Orpheus.

Morton Baum, president of the City Center finance commission, saw Ballet

Society during one of these public presentations. He was so extremely impressed that

he initiated dialogues that led to the company being invited to fall in the City

Center municipal complex ( of which at the clip the New York City Drama

Company and the New York City Opera were a portion of ) as the New York City

Ballet.

October 11 1948, the New York City Ballet was born, dancing a plan

dwelling of Concerto Barocco, Orpheus, and Symphony in degree Celsius.

From that clip until his decease, Balanchine served as artictc direcor for the New

York City Ballet, choreographing the bulk of the productions the company

has introduced since its origin. Among them were:

Firebird -1949

Bouree Fantasque & # 8211 ; 1949

Lavalse -1951

The Nutcracker & # 8211 ; 1954

Ivesiana -1954

Western Symphony -1954

Allegro Brillante -1956

Agon & # 8211 ; 1957

The Seven Deadly Sins -1958

Stars and Stripes & # 8211 ; 1958

Episodes -1959

Balanchine s manner has been described as neoclassic, as reaction to the

Romantic anti-classicim that was the prevalent manner in Russian and European

concert dance when he had began to dance. As a choreographer, Balanchine by and large

de-emphasized secret plan in his concert dances, preferring to allow dance be the star of the

show, as he told an interviewer.

Balanchine himself wrote:

We must foremost recognize that dancing is an perfectly independent art, non simply

a secondary attach toing one. I believe that it is one of the great humanistic disciplines. Like

the music of great instrumentalists, it can be enjoyed and understood without any

verbal debut or account & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; The of import thing in concert dance is that

motion itself, as it is sound which is of import in a symphonic music. A concert dance may

incorporate a narrative, but ocular spectacle, non the narrative is the indispensable component.

The choreographer and the terpsichorean must retrieve that they reach the

audience throught the oculus & # 8211 ; and the audience, in its bend, must develop itself to

see what is performed upon the phase. It is the semblance created which

convinces the audience, much as it is with the work of a prestidigitator. If the

semblance fails, the concert dance fails, no affair how good a plan note tells the

audience that it has succeeded.

Bibliography

Msn Encarta

hypertext transfer protocol: //encarta.msn.com/find/concise.asp? ti=OIDA5000

School of American Ballet. Biography of George Balanchine

www.sab.org/bio/biobalanchine.htm

Robin May & # 8211 ; The World of Ballet Great Britain, 1981

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