George Balanchine Essay, Research Paper
George Balanchine, or originally Georgy Melitonovich Balanchivadze, a
Russian-born choreographer, is recognized as one of the foremost
choreographers in the history of concert dance.
George was among a coevals of terpsichoreans who spent the old ages of World
War 1 at the Imperial school of concert dance at the Mariinsky theater. George was the
boy of a composer, and he besides studied music from 1921 to 1924 at the
Petrograd Conservatory in St. Petersburg.
As a pupil Balanchine had already tried stage dancing. His first work in
1920 was a short piece danced to Anton Rubinsteins Nuit. He besides
choreographed plants for the eventides of experimental concert dance performed by
himself and his co-workers at the State school of Ballet. These early plants
were criticized as excessively avant – guarde.
In 1924 Balanchine was one of four terpsichoreans who left the freshly formed Soviet
Union for a circuit of Western Europe. All four terpsichoreans were invited by
Impresario Sergei Diaghitev to try out for his Ballet Russes in Paris and were
accepted into the company.
Diaghitev besides had his oculus on Balanchine as a choreographer aswell, and after
watching him present a new version of the company s Stravinsky concert dance, Le
chant de Rossignol, Diaghitev hired him as concert dance maestro to replace
Shortly after this, Balanchine suffered a articulatio genus hurt which limited his dance
and made him perpetrate to full – clip stage dancing. Balanchine served as a
concert dance maestro with the Ballet Russes until the company was dissolved following
Diaghitev s decease in 1929.
Balanchine returned to Paris in 1933 and formed his ain company, Les
Boston – born dance Connoisseur Lincoln Kirstein had a dream to set up an
American school of concert dance that would be and even equal the established
Balanchine was persuaded to travel to America and he became the
choreographer for the School of American Ballet, which was founded in 1934.
The school remains in operation today, preparation pupils for the New York
City Ballet and companies throughout the United States and the universe.
The first concert dance Balanchine choreographed in America was Serenade, to
music by Tschaikovsky. It was created as a workshop for pupils and had its
universe premiere out-of-doorss on an estate in New York.
In 1935, Kirstein and Balanchine set up a touring company of terpsichoreans from the
school and called it The American Ballet. That same twelvemonth, the Metropolitan
Opera invited the company to go its resident concert dance, with Balanchine as
the concert dance Master. Tight support permitted Balanchine to mount merely two
wholly dance – oriented plants while with the Metropolitan Opera, a
dance-drama version of Glucks Orfeo and Eurydice and an all-Stravinsky
plan, having a resurgence of one of Balanchine s foremost ballets. Apollo.
Despite the popular and critical success, Balanchine and the Metropolitan
Opera separated in early 1938.
Balanchine spent his following old ages learning at the school and working in musical
theater and degree Fahrenheit
ilms. In 1941, he and Kirstein assembled the American Ballet
Caravan, which toured South America with Balanchines new creative activities
Concerto Barocco and Ballet Imperial. From 1944 to 1946, Balanchine was
called in as artistic manager to assist regenerate the Ballet Russes de Monte Carlo.
In 1946, Balanchine and Kirstein collaborated once more to organize Ballet Society, a
company which introduced New York subscription – merely audiences to such
new Balanchine works as The Four Dispositions and Stravinsky s
Renard and Orpheus.
Morton Baum, president of the City Center finance commission, saw Ballet
Society during one of these public presentations. He was so extremely impressed that
he initiated dialogues that led to the company being invited to fall in the City
Center municipal complex ( of which at the clip the New York City Drama
Company and the New York City Opera were a portion of ) as the New York City
October 11 1948, the New York City Ballet was born, dancing a plan
dwelling of Concerto Barocco, Orpheus, and Symphony in degree Celsius.
From that clip until his decease, Balanchine served as artictc direcor for the New
York City Ballet, choreographing the bulk of the productions the company
has introduced since its origin. Among them were:
Bouree Fantasque – 1949
The Nutcracker – 1954
Western Symphony -1954
Allegro Brillante -1956
Agon – 1957
The Seven Deadly Sins -1958
Stars and Stripes – 1958
Balanchine s manner has been described as neoclassic, as reaction to the
Romantic anti-classicim that was the prevalent manner in Russian and European
concert dance when he had began to dance. As a choreographer, Balanchine by and large
de-emphasized secret plan in his concert dances, preferring to allow dance be the star of the
show, as he told an interviewer.
Balanchine himself wrote:
We must foremost recognize that dancing is an perfectly independent art, non simply
a secondary attach toing one. I believe that it is one of the great humanistic disciplines. Like
the music of great instrumentalists, it can be enjoyed and understood without any
verbal debut or account … … The of import thing in concert dance is that
motion itself, as it is sound which is of import in a symphonic music. A concert dance may
incorporate a narrative, but ocular spectacle, non the narrative is the indispensable component.
The choreographer and the terpsichorean must retrieve that they reach the
audience throught the oculus – and the audience, in its bend, must develop itself to
see what is performed upon the phase. It is the semblance created which
convinces the audience, much as it is with the work of a prestidigitator. If the
semblance fails, the concert dance fails, no affair how good a plan note tells the
audience that it has succeeded.
hypertext transfer protocol: //encarta.msn.com/find/concise.asp? ti=OIDA5000
School of American Ballet. Biography of George Balanchine
Robin May – The World of Ballet Great Britain, 1981