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    George Balanchine Essay, Research Paper

    George Balanchine, or originally Georgy Melitonovich Balanchivadze, a

    Russian-born choreographer, is recognized as one of the foremost

    choreographers in the history of concert dance.

    George was among a coevals of terpsichoreans who spent the old ages of World

    War 1 at the Imperial school of concert dance at the Mariinsky theater. George was the

    boy of a composer, and he besides studied music from 1921 to 1924 at the

    Petrograd Conservatory in St. Petersburg.

    As a pupil Balanchine had already tried stage dancing. His first work in

    1920 was a short piece danced to Anton Rubinsteins Nuit. He besides

    choreographed plants for the eventides of experimental concert dance performed by

    himself and his co-workers at the State school of Ballet. These early plants

    were criticized as excessively avant – guarde.

    In 1924 Balanchine was one of four terpsichoreans who left the freshly formed Soviet

    Union for a circuit of Western Europe. All four terpsichoreans were invited by

    Impresario Sergei Diaghitev to try out for his Ballet Russes in Paris and were

    accepted into the company.

    Diaghitev besides had his oculus on Balanchine as a choreographer aswell, and after

    watching him present a new version of the company s Stravinsky concert dance, Le

    chant de Rossignol, Diaghitev hired him as concert dance maestro to replace

    Bronislava Nijinska.

    Shortly after this, Balanchine suffered a articulatio genus hurt which limited his dance

    and made him perpetrate to full – clip stage dancing. Balanchine served as a

    concert dance maestro with the Ballet Russes until the company was dissolved following

    Diaghitev s decease in 1929.

    Balanchine returned to Paris in 1933 and formed his ain company, Les


    Boston – born dance Connoisseur Lincoln Kirstein had a dream to set up an

    American school of concert dance that would be and even equal the established

    European schools.

    Balanchine was persuaded to travel to America and he became the

    choreographer for the School of American Ballet, which was founded in 1934.

    The school remains in operation today, preparation pupils for the New York

    City Ballet and companies throughout the United States and the universe.

    The first concert dance Balanchine choreographed in America was Serenade, to

    music by Tschaikovsky. It was created as a workshop for pupils and had its

    universe premiere out-of-doorss on an estate in New York.

    In 1935, Kirstein and Balanchine set up a touring company of terpsichoreans from the

    school and called it The American Ballet. That same twelvemonth, the Metropolitan

    Opera invited the company to go its resident concert dance, with Balanchine as

    the concert dance Master. Tight support permitted Balanchine to mount merely two

    wholly dance – oriented plants while with the Metropolitan Opera, a

    dance-drama version of Glucks Orfeo and Eurydice and an all-Stravinsky

    plan, having a resurgence of one of Balanchine s foremost ballets. Apollo.

    Despite the popular and critical success, Balanchine and the Metropolitan

    Opera separated in early 1938.

    Balanchine spent his following old ages learning at the school and working in musical

    theater and degree Fahrenheit

    ilms. In 1941, he and Kirstein assembled the American Ballet

    Caravan, which toured South America with Balanchines new creative activities

    Concerto Barocco and Ballet Imperial. From 1944 to 1946, Balanchine was

    called in as artistic manager to assist regenerate the Ballet Russes de Monte Carlo.

    In 1946, Balanchine and Kirstein collaborated once more to organize Ballet Society, a

    company which introduced New York subscription – merely audiences to such

    new Balanchine works as The Four Dispositions and Stravinsky s

    Renard and Orpheus.

    Morton Baum, president of the City Center finance commission, saw Ballet

    Society during one of these public presentations. He was so extremely impressed that

    he initiated dialogues that led to the company being invited to fall in the City

    Center municipal complex ( of which at the clip the New York City Drama

    Company and the New York City Opera were a portion of ) as the New York City


    October 11 1948, the New York City Ballet was born, dancing a plan

    dwelling of Concerto Barocco, Orpheus, and Symphony in degree Celsius.

    From that clip until his decease, Balanchine served as artictc direcor for the New

    York City Ballet, choreographing the bulk of the productions the company

    has introduced since its origin. Among them were:

    Firebird -1949

    Bouree Fantasque – 1949

    Lavalse -1951

    The Nutcracker – 1954

    Ivesiana -1954

    Western Symphony -1954

    Allegro Brillante -1956

    Agon – 1957

    The Seven Deadly Sins -1958

    Stars and Stripes – 1958

    Episodes -1959

    Balanchine s manner has been described as neoclassic, as reaction to the

    Romantic anti-classicim that was the prevalent manner in Russian and European

    concert dance when he had began to dance. As a choreographer, Balanchine by and large

    de-emphasized secret plan in his concert dances, preferring to allow dance be the star of the

    show, as he told an interviewer.

    Balanchine himself wrote:

    We must foremost recognize that dancing is an perfectly independent art, non simply

    a secondary attach toing one. I believe that it is one of the great humanistic disciplines. Like

    the music of great instrumentalists, it can be enjoyed and understood without any

    verbal debut or account … … The of import thing in concert dance is that

    motion itself, as it is sound which is of import in a symphonic music. A concert dance may

    incorporate a narrative, but ocular spectacle, non the narrative is the indispensable component.

    The choreographer and the terpsichorean must retrieve that they reach the

    audience throught the oculus – and the audience, in its bend, must develop itself to

    see what is performed upon the phase. It is the semblance created which

    convinces the audience, much as it is with the work of a prestidigitator. If the

    semblance fails, the concert dance fails, no affair how good a plan note tells the

    audience that it has succeeded.


    Msn Encarta

    hypertext transfer protocol: // ti=OIDA5000

    School of American Ballet. Biography of George Balanchine

    Robin May – The World of Ballet Great Britain, 1981

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