DIa| History Essay| Strength and Weaknesses from the impact of Nazi ideology on Germany| | Jean-Vincent Mewald| 3/March/2012| | Nazi ideology had a massive impact on the German people in the years from 1933-39. All aspects of the Germans where influenced by the Nazi ideology (culturally, socially and economical). Nazi ideology affected mostly the younger generation of Germans, as it was easier to manipulate them through school and youth groups. In addition, Nazi leaders thought it was of great importance and considered to prioritize the lecturing of the youth and grow them up as “perfect Germans”.
Nazi ideology affected the German school education system, for instance, by including an extra class where children were taught racial studies. This, on the other hand, was an intelligent strategy since the Germans learned self-pride after the beat down through the treaty of Versailles in 1918 and the Nazis got to unknowingly promote racism and get their point across to the people. The Nazi belief of strengthening extremely affected the economy of Germany for Nazi policies of Conscription, Rearmament and Construction of Autobahns lowered the unemployment rates dramatically.
The role of women in Germany at that time was also greatly affected by the Nazi ideology as they were portrayed as a mother of German race. Even though the Nazis did help Germany back on their feet and gain strength and self importance, there were many aspects which were very negative of Germany, its people and its future. The Nazi regime sought to recover the German economy by rebuilding their army from an alleged 100. 000 men to an estimated ~ 950. 00, giving Germans available jobs and ending the high unemployment rates and overall strengthening the German peoples pride in their nation after the humiliation of the treaty of Versailles in 1918. They also gave jobs by building highways called “Autobahns” which helped lower the unemployment even more. This action would be considered as a great strength of the impact of Nazi ideology given that people were totally wrecked during the financial crash and hyperinflation. The Nazis thought that the youth was the most important since the youth didn’t have a mind of their own therefore could be manipulated easily.
They were also the generation which would “purify” Germany and lead it in later years. The Nazis began to alter the schools educational system in order to control what was taught to the children and make sure that the children would learn to look up to the Nazis. The Nazis used this to brainwash the youth into thinking that being a Nazi/following the fuehrer is a good thing. This was done my adding racial studies where the children would learn about Nazism and that the Arian race was superior to any other.
The Nazis also organized special youth camps/scouts where the children were taught to be loyal to the fuehrer instead of their parents. This was a weakness of the impact of Nazi ideology, since the children had views about Nazism which differed from their parents causing conflicts between families. The role of women living in Nazi Germany was pretty straight forward; that she was a mother of Germany. Hitler made sure that propaganda encouraged women to get more children, with the thought of expanding the “Perfect German” race throughout Germany.
He wanted women to be used mainly for giving birth to his future followers and army. This could be interpreted as a strength because the German population was at decline at that moment. On the other hand, it could also be seen as a weakness, since Hitler didn’t give women very little rights. (Ben Walsh) An additional weakness of the Nazi ideology on Germany was the discrimination/persecution of people of Jewish background or decent. The Nazis would use propaganda to harass the Jewish or other ethnic minorities which were categorized as lower classed races.
They would blame them for the economic and financial troubles, the loss of the Great War, and for the communist threat against Nazi Germany. The propaganda worked so well that most Germans at that time held it for a correct idea to have a pure Germany, unconsciously allowing the Nazi party to slaughter ~6 million Jews and other ethnic groups which didn’t fit the characteristics of a “perfect German”. When the Nazi party completely took over power, they had the vision to restore proper traditional German culture in Germany.
This too meant that for instance artist that expressed their emotional feelings /political views through their art, were persecuted if the art that was painted did not align with the Nazi ideology or seemed anti-Nazi. This was a weakness since artist and film makers flourished during the years of the Weimar republic, capturing historic moments and filming them from a primary perspective. However, the Nazis came and basically filtered everything that seemed anti-Nazi or promoted something else than what the Nazis wanted. The Nazis then used cinemas and art for the own propaganda reasons.
Only allowing their films which manipulated the German viewers and promoting the German superior race, banning any foreign movies or documentaries which showed a different view other than the Nazis’. Though the prevention of foreign art because of its expression of other views and illustration of other cultures was seen as a weakness, it can also be interpreted as strengths of Nazi ideology. Seeing that it is always good to preserve the traditional culture of a country, it might have benefited the German community after the moral breakdown of World War 1. Ben Walsh) In conclusion, Nazi ideology had many strengths and many weaknesses. The greatest weakness was most likely the abolishment of the Democracy in Germany at that time. When Adolf Hitler became chancellor in 1933, he instantly thought about consolidating his power. He used the enabling act to crown himself dictator and forbid the creation of other new parties, which made Nazi Germany a “one party” state. Citizens of Germany could not vote or speak freely. This meant the end of Democracy. All the given rights during the Weimar republic were lost.
The biggest strength was that the Nazis helped germany out of its financial difficulties and restored the nations pride. However, the weakness rose over the strength and led to a Second World War and the forever lasting defeat of the Nazi Party.
Works cited * Walsh, Ben. “Nazi Control Of Germany. ” Modern world history. London: Hodder Murray, 1996. 160-175. Print. * “Nazi Ideology. ” http://www. nazism. net. N. p. , n. d. Web. 23 Feb. 2012. <http://www. nazism. net/about/nazi_ideology/>. * “Nazi Foreign Policy 1933-1939. http://hsc. csu. edu. au. Charles Sturt University, n. d. Web. 23 Feb. 2012. <http://hsc. csu. edu. au/modern_history/national_studies/germany/4024/nazi. htm>. * “VICTIMS OF THE NAZI ERA: NAZI RACIAL IDEOLOGY. ” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. N. p. , n. d. Web. 25 Feb. 2012. <http://www. ushmm. org/wlc/en/article. php? ModuleId=10007457>. -------------------------------------------- [ 1 ]. Walsh, Ben. “Nazi Control Of Germany. ” Modern world history. London: Hodder Murray, 1996. 160-175. Print.