Situation Irony Is the Most Effective at Creating Interesting Stories - Irony Essay Example
There are many ways to make a story interesting - Situation Irony Is the Most Effective at Creating Interesting Stories introduction. There are many definitions for interesting, but usually means to get the attention of something. Irony, the opposite of what is expected is one way to make a story interesting. There are three types of irony: situational irony, verbal irony, and dramatic irony. Situational irony is when what happens is the opposite from what is expected. Verbal irony is when what is said is the opposite of what is meant.
Dramatic irony is when the reader knows something that a character does not know - irony in the lady or the tiger. There are many stories that use irony to make them more interesting such as “A Christmas Memory” by Truman Capote, “The Lady, or the Tiger? ” by Frank R. Stockton, “Thank You, M’am” by Langston Hughes and “The Sniper” by Liam O’Flaherty. “A Christmas Memory” is a story about a boy named Buddy and his friend working to make a perfect Christmas; “The Lady, or the Tiger? is about a princess’s lover being accused of loving the king’s daughter, and the princess’s lover must chose between two doors that contain either a lady who he shall marry or a tiger that will kill him; “Thank You, M’am” is about a boy named Roger attempting to steal a woman’s pocketbook, but instead of turning him in, she took him back to her apartment to make him dinner; “The Sniper” is about a Republican sniper killing an enemy sniper who happens to turn out as his brother. Irony can make stories really interesting but sometimes irony does not.
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Situational irony is the most effective at creating interesting stories. Situational irony makes a story interesting because people can relate to the situations as if it is realistic. In the story “The Lady, or the Tiger? ” when the king thinks that he knows everything going on in his kingdom, but he did not know about his daughter being in love for months. “This love affair moved on happily for many months, until one day the king happened to discover its existence” (Daniel 301). The king is supposed to be all knowing but he did not know about his daughter and her lover being in love for months.
People can relate to this because, just like the king, parents do not know much about what is going on with their own children. In the story “The Gift of the Magi” Della and Jim sold their prized possessions to get each other a gift. “‘Will you buy my hair? ‘ asked Della. ‘I buy hair,’ said Madame. ‘Twenty dollars,’ said Madame. ‘ ‘I sold the watch to get the money to buy your combs'” (Daniel 291-292). Della and Jim sacrificed their treasures for each other showing how much their love is for one another and the thought for the gift.
People can relate to this because people in love can get any gift for one another even if it means to sacrifice their treasure to show the love and the thought of the gift. Another example is in the story “A Christmas Memory” Buddy and his friend meet Mr. Haha Jones who seems like a big scary person by judging his looks. “[H]e glowers at us through Satan-tilted eyes and demands to know: ‘What you want with Haha? ‘ . . . ‘Well,’ my friend remarks on our way home, ‘there’s a lovely man'” (Daniel 55).
Buddy and his friend expected to see a tough, big man but it turns out Mr. Haha was a nice man. People can relate to this because mostly everyone is judged by their appearance like how the person is dressed or the person’s personality at first sight. Situational irony can make a big exciting or surprising change in the story. In the story “The Gift of the Magi” Della and Jim both gave away their most prized possessions to get each other gifts that they can not use. “‘I sold the watch to get the money to buy your combs'” (Daniel 292).
People would not have expected Della and Jim to both sell one another’s prized possession to get gift so it surprises them. In the story “Thank You, M’am” after Roger fails to steal Mrs. Luella Bates Washington Jones’s pocketbook, she takes him back to her apartment to feed him food instead of turning him in to the police. “‘Then we’ll eat,’ said the woman. “I believe you’re hungry—or been hungry—to try to snatch my pocketbook'” (Daniel 89). This story takes a completely different outcome than what the reader would have thought and it surprises the reader through situational irony.
Another example is in the story “The Sniper” the sniper kills an enemy sniper who turns out to be his own brother. “[T]he sniper turned over the dead body and looked into his brother’s face” (Daniel 215). The reader would not have expected the enemy sniper to be his brother. This ironic situation creates a surprise to the readers and a twist in the story. An interesting story has surprises from situational irony to engage the reader’s attention to keep the reader reading. Dramatic and verbal irony are not as effective at creating interesting stories as situational irony.
An example of dramatic irony is in the story “The Gift of the Magi. ” The reader knows what Della’s gift to Jim is, but Jim does not know. “Jim had not seen his beautiful present” (Daniel 292). This does not make the story interesting because the reader knowing about the gift is not surprising or exciting in the story in any way to interest the reader. Another example of dramatic irony in the story “The Gift of the Magi” is when Jim does not know that Della cut off her hair for Jim’s gift. “‘You’ve cut off your hair? asked Jim. Cut it off and sold it,’ said Della” (Daniel 290). This does not make the story interesting because the reader knows something the character does not and it does not have a surprising or exciting change. An example of verbal irony is in “The Lady, or the Tiger? ” when in the story it said that the king’s trial is fair even though in reality it is not fair. “This vast amphitheater . . . was an agent of poetic justice, in which crime was punished, or virtue rewarded, by the decrees of an impartial and incorruptible chance” (Daniel 299).
This does not make the story interesting because it is a quote of sarcasm. Dramatic and verbal irony do not have any surprising or twist changes in the story to make it interesting. Irony makes life interesting. When things turn out different than expected from someone is not always a bad thing but could be a good thing as well. It can lead to surprising situations making life interesting and an enjoyable experience. It also can make people laugh at the humorous outcome of the situation. In the end, irony can lead to an interesting lifestyle.