Introduction The following work aims talking about slavery and segregation. It talks about how the injustice for African and black people roses after 200 years before the Civil War, in the United States. It talks about how do segregation started, how do people got over it, and the consequences of segregation in the future. The Southern Legislatures thought they needed to do something. They passed laws known as the black codes, which severely limited the rights of blacks and segregated them from whites.
Before there was no need to separate whites and black people because most of black people were slaves. But they were separated at schools, theaters, taverns, and other public places. At the advancing of the work you will know why do only black people were discriminated, and why do white people stop being slaves, also what were the punishments that they received. Slavery & Segregation Segregation is the separation or isolation of a race, class, or ethnic group by enforced or voluntary residence in a restricted area, by barriers to social intercourse, by separate educational facilities, or by other discriminatory means.
Slavery a system under which people are treated as property to be bought and sold, and are forced to work. Slaves can be held against their will from the time of their capture, purchase or birth, and deprived of the right to leave, to refuse to work, or to demand compensation. Both expressions refer primarily to the legally or socially enforced separation of African Americans from other races, and also to the separation of other racial or ethnic minorities from the majority mainstream society and communities for involuntary public work.
Everything started in 1866, when the Congress wanted only black people to be slaves, not white people. Republicans wanted to ensure that with the remaking of the south, freed black slaves were made viable members of society. But the strong southern legislatures finally gave in in 1868; they repealed most of the laws that discriminated against blacks. In addition, in 1883, the Supreme Court declared that congress had no power to prevent private acts of discrimination. Segregation went hand-in-hand with the violence often employed as a method of group control.
It existed in schools, churches, and most public places, including residential districts, and most importantly they neither vote, nor educate themselves. By the 1900’s the southern legislators carried segregation to the extremes. When the U. S. entered WW II the south was a fully segregated society. Everything was either of the white or black people but never for both. The Ku Klux Klan, Knights of White Camellia, and other terrorists murdered thousands of black slaves to prevent them from voting and participating in public life.
They directed their violence towards black landowners, politicians, and community leaders. They also do this to people who supported Republicans or racial equalities. Although minority civil-rights activists contested segregationist policies in the years after World War I, significant successes did not come until after the next world war. If a black person happened to cross the white person property, he was punished or killed. But if a white person crosses to the black person’s property he was only scold.
After the end of Reconstruction, the new Democratic governments in the South instituted state laws to separate black and white racial groups, submitting African-Americans to the second-class citizenship and enforcing white supremacy. Collectively, these state laws were called the Jim Crow system, after the name of a stereotypical 1830s black minstrel show character. Within time extreme segregation and slavery ended. Everything started in 1956, when the voters approved a referendum that opposed compulsory attendance in integrated schools. The 1957 legislature passed laws encouraging school districts to resist federally ordered.
By the 1960s, legal segregation had passed into history. In 1988 Congress passes the Civil Rights Restoration Acts, protecting black people from discrimination. Conclusion Segregation was a cruel act committed only to the black people after the Civil War. Everything occurred in the whole United States, which was meant to be “reconstructed. ” Even though the black people wanted to express themselves, they couldn’t because of the new groups that were created against them; the most important was the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), or weather the most dangerous of all.
Created to kill all of those who wanted to express or support the black Republicans ideas. The whole United States was completely segregated by the time World War 2 arrived. Buses, cemeteries, and even swimming pools were segregated. Obviously it was clear that the white people’s properties were prettier and better looking. Black people and slaves didn’t even have the chance to educate themselves or receive the help of a doctor when they were ill, or sick. But worst of all they couldn’t vote, and if they did, they paid an expensive tax, which was impossible to pay for most of them.
The southern states were the ones that made people suffered even more, some states even separates the white from the black women prostitutes. When the times were getting worse, Martin Luther King Jr. appeared. He said the things as they were in a pacific and nonviolently way. As expected he unfortunately was killed, but with dignity because he achieved a lot for his people and changed a lot of things back then. Even though segregation has disappeared we need to prevent it because it still exists, but not show on public. Pictures – In this picture it is clearly show bus segregation: black people should go in the back sits, while the white go in front; if space was required, a black should stand up and give its sit to the white person to sit down. 2- At the left we can see black African Americans protesting for the right of education. At the right we can see clearly the opposite when young white students are protesting, using ordinary terms for black people, so they can’t study in the same school or they can’t study at all. 3- The results of Jim Crows Laws; slaves were treated worse because of the color of their skin.
Crow is at the right. 4- Martin Luther King Jr. giving one of his many heart-touching speeches. 5- Even today segregation is represented in little things.
Bibliography * http://answers. yahoo. com/question/index? qid=20080406180625AA4S8hb * http://www. tshaonline. org/handbook/online/articles/pks01 * http://www. kawvalley. k12. ks. us/brown_v_board/segregation. htm * http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Racial_segregation_in_the_United_States * http://remembersegregation. org/ * http://www. dickmeister. com/id288. html * http://filipspagnoli. wordpress. com/2010/05/22/segregation-a-collection-of-images/
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