What are the basic differences between the terrestrial and jovial planets? Which planets fall into each group? There are a few notable differences between terrestrial and jovial planets. Terrestrial planets are smaller in size and mass and jovial planets are larger in size and mass. Terrestrial planets are mostly made of rocks and metals, while jovial planets are mostly made of hydrogen, helium, and hydrogen compounds. This is why jovial planets are nicknamed “gas giants. “
Terrestrial planets have solid surfaces which are warmer because they are closer to the Sun. Jovial planets have no solid surfaces and have cooler temperatures because they are farther from the Sun. Terrestrial planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. Jovial planets are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. 2. Size Comparison. How many Earths could fit inside Jupiter (assuming you could fill up all the volume)? How many Jupiter could fit inside the Sun? The equation for the volume of a sphere is Jupiter radius = 71492 km Earth radius = 6378 km 1492/6378= (11. 1 km)3 = 1408. 38 x 3. 14 x 0. 75 = 3318 About 3318 Earths could fit inside Jupiter sun radius – 696000 km / 71492 km (9. 74 km)3 – 922. 69 x 3. 14 x 0. 75 2174 About superstores could fit inside the Sun 3. Describe each of the three key processes that led the solar nebula to take the form of a spinning disk. What observational evidence supports this scenario? The first process the solar nebula undeserved involved its collapses. As it shrank or collapsed, the temperature of the solar nebula rose and its gas articles increased in speed.
The Sun forms in the center of the cloud, where the temperature and particle density is at its highest. The second process is a continuation of the clouds shrinkage or collapse, which caused its rotational speed to accelerate. The more it condensed, the faster it went. The conservation of angular momentum showed that as the cloud spun faster, the more spread out the spinning material became, ensuring that not all of it would be at the center. In the third process, the solar nebula flattened into a disk as a result of TTS spinning cloud of particles colliding into each other.
Each collision caused the various types and speeds of particles to merge, forming a flattened and more orderly circular spinning disk. Observational evidence in support of this scenario is found in the data collected from where star systems appear to be forming. It is also evident in the majority of flat disks found throughout our observable universe. 4. What was the frost line in the solar nebula? Explain how temperature differences led to the formation of two distinct types of planets.
The frost line in the solar nebula was the point at which it was cold enough for ices to condense. It lay between the present day orbits of Mars and Jupiter. The terrestrial planets or inner planets formed inside the frost line, where only rock and metal could condense into solid “seeds. ” The jovial planets or outer planets formed outside the frost line, where it was cold enough for hydrogen compounds to condense into ice, creating solid “seeds” made up of ice, along with rock and metal.